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Navigation Act's

Passed by Parliament in the 1600's and required colonists to export certain products only to England; they were an attempt to control colonial trade, but were never adequately enforced

Salutary Neglect

Refers to England's policy of not paying attention to the colonies; the colonists benefited from this and prospered

The King

American colonies had a governor appointed by the....


Each colony had an elected ___ and voting was for white men who owned property (most did)

Treaty of Paris

Ended the French and Indian War in 1763 (life of the colonists started to change)

Treaty of Paris

British received all French possessions in North America because of this

George Grenville

The British Lord of Treasury who wanted colonists to pay for their defense also enforced the Navigation Acts

Stamp Act

Passed by Parliament in 1765 and established a direct or internal tax on all printed documents in the colonies


Colonists responded British policies with a ____, a refusal to buy British goods

Stamp Act Congress

In 1765, nine colonists sent representatives to the _______ in New York and insisted there should be no taxation without representation

Stamp Act

In 1766, this was repealed

Declaratory Act

Passed after the repeal of the Stamp Act and said Parliament could still tax the colonies

Townshend Acts

In 1767, this tax taxed colonial imports such as tea, paper, paint, lead, and glass; eventually these were repealed except for the tax on tea

Boston Massacre

In 1770 the ___ left five colonists dead after the confrontation with British soldiers

Boston Tea Party

To help the British East End India Company, the British allowed them to sell tea to the colonists without paying the tax; colonists responded with the __________.

Intolerable Acts

To punish the colonists, Britain passed this which closed the port of Boston, allowed the quartering of troops, reduced colonial self government

First Continental Congress

In September, 1774 delegates from the colonies met in Philadelphia as the _______; they agreed to not import British goods after December and they began to raise an army

Lexington and Concord

The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired at ....

George Washington

The Second Continental Congress organized an army under the command of ____.

Olive Branch Petition

The last attempt at a peaceful compromise between the colonists and Britain was the ....

Thomas Pane

Common sense written by _____ called upon the colonists to break away from Great Britain

Thomas Jefferson

Author of the Deceleration of Independence

Spanish and French

The Americans were joined by the ____ as an ally in 1777 and by the ______ in 1779


The turning point of the Revolutionary War was the Battle of Saratoga in 1777

York Town

The last battle was at ____ in 1781.

Federal System

The US Constitution set up a ________ which divided political authority between the national and state governments

Bill of Rights

Was added to the Constitution as the first Ten Amendments to protect freedom of religion, speech, and the press.

Articles of Confederation

The _____ (1781-1787) was a plan of government for America that gave most power to the states; national government became stronger than the state government


Religious faith that wanted to get rid of Catholic Customs in the Anglican Church

Petition of Right

Forbade tax collecting or forced loans without Parliaments consent, can't imprison anyone without cause, quartering troops in private homes, and not declare martial law unless the country is at war; Charles I ignored this

William Laud

Named, by Charles I, Archbishop of Canterbury; he persecuted Puritans; Tried to establish the Church of England in Scotland; The Scots threatened war

Triennial Act

The Long Parliament abolished the king's special courts and passed this; said Parliament had to be called every three years, they also ended illegal taxes and execute Archbishop Laud

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