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32 terms

The American Revolution

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Navigation Act's
Passed by Parliament in the 1600's and required colonists to export certain products only to England; they were an attempt to control colonial trade, but were never adequately enforced
Salutary Neglect
Refers to England's policy of not paying attention to the colonies; the colonists benefited from this and prospered
The King
American colonies had a governor appointed by the....
Assembly
Each colony had an elected ___ and voting was for white men who owned property (most did)
Treaty of Paris
Ended the French and Indian War in 1763 (life of the colonists started to change)
Treaty of Paris
British received all French possessions in North America because of this
George Grenville
The British Lord of Treasury who wanted colonists to pay for their defense also enforced the Navigation Acts
Stamp Act
Passed by Parliament in 1765 and established a direct or internal tax on all printed documents in the colonies
Boycott
Colonists responded British policies with a ____, a refusal to buy British goods
Stamp Act Congress
In 1765, nine colonists sent representatives to the _______ in New York and insisted there should be no taxation without representation
Stamp Act
In 1766, this was repealed
Declaratory Act
Passed after the repeal of the Stamp Act and said Parliament could still tax the colonies
Townshend Acts
In 1767, this tax taxed colonial imports such as tea, paper, paint, lead, and glass; eventually these were repealed except for the tax on tea
Boston Massacre
In 1770 the ___ left five colonists dead after the confrontation with British soldiers
Boston Tea Party
To help the British East End India Company, the British allowed them to sell tea to the colonists without paying the tax; colonists responded with the __________.
Intolerable Acts
To punish the colonists, Britain passed this which closed the port of Boston, allowed the quartering of troops, reduced colonial self government
First Continental Congress
In September, 1774 delegates from the colonies met in Philadelphia as the _______; they agreed to not import British goods after December and they began to raise an army
Lexington and Concord
The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired at ....
George Washington
The Second Continental Congress organized an army under the command of ____.
Olive Branch Petition
The last attempt at a peaceful compromise between the colonists and Britain was the ....
Thomas Pane
Common sense written by _____ called upon the colonists to break away from Great Britain
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Deceleration of Independence
Spanish and French
The Americans were joined by the ____ as an ally in 1777 and by the ______ in 1779
Saratoga
The turning point of the Revolutionary War was the Battle of Saratoga in 1777
York Town
The last battle was at ____ in 1781.
Federal System
The US Constitution set up a ________ which divided political authority between the national and state governments
Bill of Rights
Was added to the Constitution as the first Ten Amendments to protect freedom of religion, speech, and the press.
Articles of Confederation
The _____ (1781-1787) was a plan of government for America that gave most power to the states; national government became stronger than the state government
Puritans
Religious faith that wanted to get rid of Catholic Customs in the Anglican Church
Petition of Right
Forbade tax collecting or forced loans without Parliaments consent, can't imprison anyone without cause, quartering troops in private homes, and not declare martial law unless the country is at war; Charles I ignored this
William Laud
Named, by Charles I, Archbishop of Canterbury; he persecuted Puritans; Tried to establish the Church of England in Scotland; The Scots threatened war
Triennial Act
The Long Parliament abolished the king's special courts and passed this; said Parliament had to be called every three years, they also ended illegal taxes and execute Archbishop Laud