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17 terms

Global 1R Final - Chapters 1-5

This is the vocab from chapters 1-5 that are on our study guide.
STUDY
PLAY
culture
all the elements that make up people's way of life
Mesopotamia
means "land between two rivers"; between Tigris and Euphrates; in present day Iraq; unpredictable flooding
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
rivers with unpredictable flooding near Mesopotamia that supplied fertile soil
cultural diffusion
the spread of ideas (usually through trade)
Nile River
river in which ancient Egypt settled near; supplied fertile land (silt); called "river of sorrows"
Huang He/Yellow River
river located near China
monotheism
belief in one god
mandate of heaven
idea of divine right, empire's right to rule by god
Silk Road
500-mile road from China to fertile crescent; was used to exchange new foods/goods
civil service exam
test people took in order to get a job in the government
Athens
art/literature flourished;direct democracy;very different from Sparta (opposite)
Sparta
little art/literature; life was based on the military; ruled by military dictator; boys at age 7 entered military school, girls exercised (could inherit property, ran family estates), slaves (helots) did most of the work; representative democracy
direct democracy
all citizens vote on an issue
Alexander the Great
from Macedonia-educated in greek art, literature & war; conquered Persia, Egypt and all the way to India; spread greek culture throughout the empire
Punic Wars
series of wars in witch Rome tried taking over Carthage
Pax Romana
200 years of Roman Peace (carthage rebuilt, boarders defended, mediterranean peaceful)
Huns
German outside invader