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means "land between two rivers"; between Tigris and Euphrates; in present day Iraq; unpredictable flooding
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
rivers with unpredictable flooding near Mesopotamia that supplied fertile soil
river in which ancient Egypt settled near; supplied fertile land (silt); called "river of sorrows"
little art/literature; life was based on the military; ruled by military dictator; boys at age 7 entered military school, girls exercised (could inherit property, ran family estates), slaves (helots) did most of the work; representative democracy
Alexander the Great
from Macedonia-educated in greek art, literature & war; conquered Persia, Egypt and all the way to India; spread greek culture throughout the empire
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