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Literary Techniques Review
Terms in this set (42)
environment in which a story or event takes place / includes time and place
against the main character
character went through a change
several characteristics that the reader is aware of
character stayed the same throughout
Ex: Stanley (Streetcar Named Desire)
someone who has the same characteristics
Ex: Stella (Streetcar Named Desire)
stereotypical character (jock, nerd, cheerleader, emo)
two characters compared to each other to highlight their characteristics
Ex: Gatsby & Tom (Criminal Minds)
the struggle between two opposing forces / is an everyday part of life / the challenges we face on a daily basis force us to question who we are as individuals / learn based on conflict
a struggle which takes place in a person or character's mind and through which he/she reaches a new understanding or dynamic change
when a person struggles with an outside force
person vs. person (external conflict)
a character's problem with another
person vs. society (external conflict)
a character's problem with the laws or beliefs of a group of people
person vs. nature (external conflict)
a character's problem with a force of nature or some other aspect of the environment
point of view
it is the perspective from which an author presents a story / shaped by the author's choice of narrator
the creation of the image of imaginary persons in drama, narrative poetry, novels, and short stories.
when the author directly tells the reader a quality about the character straight out
when the author lets you draw your own conclusions about the character on the basis of info he/she gives you
1st person pov
I, me, our, we, or my
a character in the story / a first person narrator may be biased in their view of characters or events. This type of character is called an "unreliable narrator."
she, he, they, it
belongs to the person (or people) being talked about
third person omniscient
the narrator knows everything that is going on and can see into the minds of all characters / the narrator is outside the story altogether and tells us as much or as little as he/she wants to know
third person limited omniscient
means the narrator's knowledge to the thoughts and feels of the protagonist.
a witness to a story / they don't have knowledge of any of the character's thoughts or feelings, but are simply reporting on what is happening.
any recurring element that has symbolic meaning in a story. / through its repetition, a motif can help produce other narrative aspects such as theme or mood.
the central topic, subject, or message within a narrative / subject and theme are not the same / lessons the poem tries to teach about life
author leaving hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the piece of literature
a contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens
can change the meaning of what you say / is conveyed through the author's words and details.
the feeling that a literary work conveys to readers / mood is created through the use of plot, character, the author's descriptions, etc.
when someone says one thing but means another / this is usually associated with sarcasm
occurs when a character, or the reader, expects one thing to happen but something entirely different occurs
describes a situation in which the audience or reader of a play knows more about a character's situation than he/she does
examining the title and text for symbolism
identifying images and sensory details
A comparison of two different things that DOES NOT use the words "like" or "as"
(Example: Noah, has a heart of a lion.)
A comparison of two different things using the words, "like" or "as"
(Example: she was as cool as a cucumber)
Gives human qualities to something that is nonhuman
(Example: The ocean crashed angrily during the storm.)
When a part of something is used to refer to the whole
(Examples: asking for their hand in the marriage; do you like my new wheels?)
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
(Example: I'm so hungry I could eat a cow.)
when you represent something as less than what it is
(Example: Describing a storm by saying, "It rained a little yesterday.")
Events, Places, Religion, People or Character, Work of Art or Literature
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