53 terms

chapter 16 & 17 human diseases

skin, eye, and ear diseases
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warts
benign circumscribed elevated skin lesions from heypertropy of the epidermis
psoriasis
inflammatory disease marked by discrete pink or red lesions with silvery scaling
urticaria etiologic factors
insect bites, certain foods, inhalants, heat, cold, sunlight
scleroderma
progressive chronic systemic disease of the skin exhibitin Raynaud's phenomenon
contact dermatitis prevention
avoid known irritants
cause of cold sores and fever
herpes simplex virus type 1
signs and symptoms of corneal abrasion
pain, redness, tearing
purpose of snellen chart
screening eye disorders
glaucoma
condition in which accumulating fluid pressure within the eye damages the retina and optic nerve
causes of eye inflammation
viruses, bacteria, irritation, from heat or chemicals, exposure to ultrviolet light
result of retinal detachment
a hole in the reitna, fluid accumulation, complete or partial separation of the retina
describes external otitis
prurtitis and pain
myopia
nearsightedness
causes of nystagmus
Meniere's disease, MS, chronc visual impairment, drug and alcohol use
stye
infectio of the sebceous gland of the eyelid
cataract
opacity of the lens of the eye
symptoms of cataract
unilateral or bilateral, gradual loss of vision, halos around lights
nystagmus
repetitive involuntary movement of the eye
tonometer
diagnostic tool for measuring intraocular pressure
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the inner surface of the eyelid
otitis media treatment
antihistamines, antibiotics, analgesics
otosclerosis
formation of the spongy bone with immobilization of the stapes
macular degeneration
slow progressive disease with changes to the retina and the macula
Meniere's disease
chronic inner ear syndrome with attacks of vertigo, tinnitus, and deafness
strabismus
is when the eyes turn inward, outward, or crossed
cause of impetigo
streptococcus or stapholococcus
scleroderma treatment
palliative: allieviates the symptoms
seborric dermatitis
chronic functional disease of the hair follicle
contact dermatitis
acute inflammation caused by irritants to the skin
atopic dermatitis
idiopathic dermatitis common in infants and children
psoriasis
chronic condition where skin produces 6-9 times faster than usual
acne vulgaris
skin disease characterized by the appearance of comedos, macules, and pustules
alopecia treatment
nonesurgical autografting ,androgen medication
furuncle and carbuncle treatment
cleaning with soap and water, surgical incision and drainage, antibiotics
decubitus ulcer risk factors
being immobilized, unconscious, and having poor circulation
horny indurations
corns
calluses
localized hyperplasia of the stratum corneum
pediculosis
common childhood disease of the scalp
goal of basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma treatment
to eradicate the lesion
malignant melanoma
skin cancer with irregular lesions and a diversity of colors
scabies
itch mite infection
herpes zoster
acute inflammatory painful vesicles usually on the trunk
diagnostic test for corneal abrasion
fluoroscein stain
otitis media symptoms
fever, chills, nausea, vomitting
presbyopia
loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye
refractive error treatment
contact lenses, radial keratomy, corrective lenses
age when psoriasis frequently occurs
15-50 or any age
wart treatment
surgical excision, keratolytic agents, cryosurgery, CO2 laser therapy
impetigo
contagious superficial skin infection marked by small, fluid filled vesicles
malignant melanoma
neoplasm composed of abnormal melanocyts appearing in both the epidermis and dermis
latex allergy
hypersensitivity to products containing latex
motion sickness
nausea, vomiting, and vertigo induced by irregular or rhytmic movements
impacted cerumen
abnormal accumulation of wax in the external ear canal