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Terms in this set (77)
Adulthood covers the four decades of life between ages _____ and _____.
The gradual physical decline of the human body over time is known as "________"
Changes in appearance during adulthood have significant health consequences.
The brain is protected from most viruses by a so-called __________ , but a few viruses destroy neurons.
In an aging brain, _____.
reaction time lengthens
After the age of 20, ________ decreases by about 1 percent each year, causing the appearance of aging skin.
Severe brain loss that occurs before late adulthood could be caused by any of these factors EXCEPT _____.
Body shape rarely changes between the ages of 25 and 65.
Who of the following is most at risk for significant brain loss by age 65?
Jerome, who drinks five beers per day
Brain damage that can be caused by a blow, by an extremely loud noise, or by rapid acceleration or deceleration of the head is referred to as ___________
Traumatic brain injury
For some couples, slowdowns in ____________ responsiveness are counterbalanced by reduced anxiety and better communication, as partners become more familiar with their own bodies and those of their mates.
Sexual arousal and orgasm both take longer and occur more slowly with age.
One common reason for male infertility is .
Low sperm count
A significant loss of hearing associated with senescence is referred to as "_____."
The drop in testosterone levels of older men is known as "."
Excess body fat increases the risk of almost every ________disease.
In the United States, sterilization is common after age _____.
Marion is currently going through menopause. How old is she likely to be?
between age 42 and 58 (Avg is 51)
The term "andropause," or "male menopause," is sometimes used to refer to _____.
the age-related reduction in testosterone
The leading risk factor for many diseases is _____.
Research studies on alcohol use have shown that _____.
moderate use of alcohol may increase longevity
Which global trend is evident with regard to alcohol?
Low-income nations have more abstainers and abusers than affluent nations.
_____ is/are thought to be one cause of an epidemic of heroin deaths, which have more than tripled from 2010 to 2014.
Currently in the United States, _____ of adults are overweight.
Which individual is most likely to live the longest with the least amount of disability?
Juanita who has a law degree
Who of the following is MOST likely to abuse alcohol?
European American MALE
It is possible to measure g directly. t/f
The "Flynn effect" refers to an individual's increasing intelligence with age and experience.
It is unfair and scientifically invalid to compare IQ scores of a cross section to learn about age-related changes.
A psychologist who is studying the mathematical abilities of adults finds significant differences between the scores of adults born 50 years ago, when rote learning was stressed, and those born 25 years ago, when more progressive approaches to education were popular. This is an example of a(n) _____.
A timed test challenges working memory.
Analytic intelligence is valued for skills related to analyzing information.
K. Warner Schaie's cross-sequential research on intellectual development demonstrates that _____.
individuals improve in most mental abilities during adulthood
From about age 20 to age 70, _____ seem(s) to have the LEAST influence on intelligence test scores.
Individuals high in analytic intelligence are able to better handle the tasks of adulthood.
Research on adult intelligence has demonstrated that intelligence is
multidirectional, multicultural, multicontextual, and plastic.
In adulthood, only a select number of previously developed abilities can be enhanced or diminished.
Multitasking, an example of selective optimization, becomes more difficult with every passing decade.
Verbal skills are to _____ as adaptive actions are to _____.
analytic intelligence; practical intelligence
Analytic intelligence is valued for all of the following EXCEPT _____.
Cognitive ability in adulthood does not increase for those with challenging work.
Intelligence that reflects accumulated learning is referred to as "_____ intelligence."
When Alice is assigned to host a work party for 100 employees with a modest $200 budget, she needs to be innovative and imaginative. In order for Alice to host a successful work party, she will need to utilize _____ intelligence.
Practical intelligence, one form of Robert Sternberg's intelligences, would be needed to _____.
understand the needs of family members
Fluid intelligence includes _____.
the speed of processing mathematical information
Which is the BEST example of an adult using selective optimization with compensation?
Bettie, who uses sticky-note reminders in her home, office, and car
When developmentalists use the term "expert," they usually mean a person who _____.
specializes in activities that are personally meaningful
Expert thought is _____.
intuitive, automatic, strategic, flexible
Ken is a highly skilled electrician, and Gwen is his new apprentice. When unexpected problems occur as they work on complex wiring projects, the MOST critical difference between their approaches in successfully completing the job is _____.
Kens automatic processing
Which statement about age and expertise is TRUE?
Expertise can overcome some of the detrimental effects of age but not all.
In which of Erikson's stages do adults seek a reciprocal connection with another human being?
intimacy versus isolation
In which of Erikson's stages do adults seek to connect their personal journeys with the cultural and historical purpose of human society?
integrity versus despair
Erikson's stage of intimacy versus isolation is similar to Maslow's stage of:
love and belonging
According to Maslow, people who do not receive ___________ cannot move on to __________.
International research on personality supports the general belief that:
characteristics can be clustered into the Big Five personality traits.
Some social scientists believe that personality is shaped by _____.
For the most part, personality traits are:
fluid throughout development.
About what percentage of U.S. adults born before 1940 have married?
Approximately, _____________ percent of emerging adults (born between 1980 and 2000) in the United States are not married.
less than 50 percent
In the United States, the divorce rate was _________________ in 2017.
47 percent ?
When is divorce most likely to occur?
between 6 months and 5 years of marriage
When are married couples the happiest?
within the first 6 months of marriage
Jules was divorced about five years ago. She remarried David within the past year. Her recent nuptials with David is likely to reestablish all of the following in her life except:
Treas and Gubernskaya (2012) found that if adult children and their parents live apart, their relationship:
Marco, from El Salvador, lives in the United States and rarely sees his family. He has become very close to his roommate's family; the family includes him in all family events. Marco is viewed by this family as:
A 2014 meta-analysis focused on marital satisfaction was conducted in the United States and results suggested that:
there are no marked gender differences in marital happiness.
Recent research regarding marriages suggests that:
college-educated couples are less likely to divorce.
An "empty nest" is:
often a happy time for a couple since they can focus on each other.?
The United States Supreme Court acknowledged in ________ that love between partners is the crucial bond irrespective of gender.
children of divorce
sometimes develop a stronger relationship with their custodial parent and that is beneficial for their future.
A generative adult is one who:
is productive in an unselfish and loving, caring way
Neil and Susan adopted a 3-month-old girl, Bree. Bree's biological parents arranged with Neil and Susan to be able to maintain some connection with Bree throughout her life. This is referred to as:
Generativity needs are met when employment:
allows creativity and productivity
Kent, the oldest of four siblings, has taken total responsibility for the care of his elderly father and uncle, who live with Kent. Kent has noticed that compared to his siblings he is:
more unhappy and depressed than any of them.?
How old is the average new stepchild?
9 years old
In contemporary developed nations, grandparenthood begins on average at the age of:
Which type of intelligence is not always obvious on tests?
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