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Health Chapter 11 Worksheet- Alcohol
Terms in this set (35)
a drug that can alter a person's consciousness or experience; causes alterations in brain chemistry, chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness or behavior.
What substance in alcohol causes intoxication?
Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)
Does alcohol function as a stimulant or a depressant on the central nervous system?
Know the difference between proof and percentage of alcohol content.
Proof: Two times the % concentration (50% alcohol = 100 proof)
Percentage: half of the given proof 80 proof is 40% alcohol by volume
According to the NIAAA, a "low-risk" male drinker consumes no more than how many drinks per day?
How many per day for a low-risk female drinker?
How many drinks over what period of time constitute binge drinking?
BAC 0.08 or higher
males 5+ drinks an hour
females 4 drinks/hour
metabolism of alcohol
we are speaking of the efficiency of the chemical breakdown of alcohol in the body. how quickly do we rid our body of alcohol and therefore the effects of it
What specific population group is most affected?
Genetic variations in the enzyme ALDH can cause flushing syndrome
People of East Asian decent are most affected
In which organ is the largest percentage of alcohol metabolized?
90% metabolized in the liver alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) - change alcohol in liver into toxic acetaldehyde (responsible for nausea, vomiting, hangover) this can be broke down to acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) released from body as water and CO2
Which is faster - absorption or metabolism of alcohol in the body?
absorption- small intestine to brain faster
metabolism-liver out of my body slower
Approximately how many ounces of alcohol/how many "standard drinks" per hour can the body metabolize?
.5 oz / hour, or 1 drink
What does BAC stand for?
Blood Alcohol Concentration
What effect (faster/slower) does increased concentration of alcohol in a drink, have on the absorption of alcohol?
The higher the concentration of alcohol in your drink, the faster It will be absorbed
What effect (faster/slower) does a carbonated beverage in a mixed drink have on the absorption of alcohol?
Carbonated beverages are absorbed faster than those with no carbonation
What effect (faster/slower) does Food in the stomach have on the absorption of alcohol?
Food in stomach= Slower absorption
Drinking on an empty stomach irritates your digestive system, and results in more rapid absorption of alcohol.
What effect (faster/slower) does Body size have on the absorption of alcohol?
The larger the person the slower the absorption
What effect (faster/slower) does drug interaction have on the absorption of alcohol?
Faster alcohol absorption
What effect (faster/slower) does Negative moods such as stress or anger have on the absorption of alcohol?
Alcohol is absorbed much faster when people are in negative, tense moods
Why are women, in general, more quickly affected by alcohol consumption?
Women have half as much alcohol dehydrogenase, the enzyme that breaks down alcohol in the stomach before it reaches the bloodstream.
Brain Hormonal differences play a part
Womens body fat is a factor - alcohol concentration is higher in a person with more body fat
Generally smaller than men
A BAC of .35 can bring about acute alcohol intoxication/alcohol poisoning. Know the symptoms of this condition and describe at least 4types of assistance or first aid measures you should provide for an individual who might be a victim of this life-threatening situation.
Symptoms of acute alcohol intoxication/alcohol poisoning: inability to be roused; a week, rapid pulse; an unusual or irregular breathing pattern; and cool(possibly damp), pale or bluish skin.4 types of assistance or first aid measure to provide to someone in life-threatening situationroll an unconscious drinking onto his or her sideif airway is blocked, clear the airwaywatch this victim closelycall 911
Be able to list or describe/recognize several long term health risks of excessive alcohol consumption over time.
weight gain, affects sleep and immune response, heart disease, liver disease, cancer (mouth, throat, esophagus, liver), pancreatic inflammation, brain damage, malnutrition, decrease lifespan, Memory impaired, Bone issue, Birth defects, Digestive issues
Be able to identify two conditions that can be diagnosed in children born to mothers who drank alcohol during pregnancy.
fetal alcohol syndrome
alcohol-related neurodevelopment disorder (learning and behavioral disorders)
what positive health benefits can alcohol provide for light-to-moderate drinkers?
Light-to-moderate drinkers tend to live longer than abstainers AND heavy users
Lowest rates of death associated with consuming 1-2 drinks a day
Moderate consumption may increase HDL ("good cholesterol")
•Anti-clotting effect on the blood
•Enhances body's sensitivity to insulin
•May lower risk of Alzheimer's
Be able to describe/recognize several social problems related to excessive alcohol consumption.
Reduced inhibitions - leads to high-risk sexuality activity; lowered likelihood of practicing safe sex Violence - robbery, assault, rape, domestic violence and homicide Suicide risk - factor in 1/3 suicides risk of injury - falls, wrecks and fires
What factors might influence or encourage binge drinking on college campuses?
Competitive Drinking Games
Drunkorexia- the combination of disordered eating and heavy drinking
What measures have college campuses used to address the problem of widespread binge drinking?
Banning alcohol on campus and at university events
Banning advertisements of alcohol in school news papers
Fraternities having "Dry Houses"
More help for students with drinking problems
web-based alcohol education for first-year students
Be able to discuss some of the biological, social, emotional and cultural factors that may pose a risk for alcohol abuse/dependence
psychosocial- Family history, chaotic home life, poor academics, agressive
Sociocultural- cultural attitudes, availability, stresses, peers
What factors or symptoms typically characterize alcohol dependence/alcoholism?
drinking alone, self-medicate, feeling umcomfortable when not drinking, getting drunk regularly, drinking at unusual times
What is tolerance?
The diminishing effect of drug/alcohol with regular use, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect.
What is withdrawal?
Discomfort and distress following discontinuation of drugs or alcohol
Be able to identify several methods of treatment for alcoholism.
- Interventions (AAA)
- In patient tx
- Out patient tx
- Self-help programs
- Pharmacological tx
How does the medication Antabuse work to discourage drinking?
Antabuse blocks the enzyme that converts acetaldehyde to acetic acid. (makes people sick if they drink alcohol, could potentially give someone an aversion to alcohol, but more often, is a daily recommitment to abstain from drinking)
How does Naltrexone work?
By blocking opioid receptors
Be able to recognize several public policies that are intended to control alcohol abuse on a community level.
- Numbers that reach someone to help you
- Support groups
- Community based organizations
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