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Health Psychology Exam 3/Final
Terms in this set (84)
The coexistence of multiple chronic diseases or conditions
quality of life
The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her physical, psychological, vocational, and social functioning; an important indicator of recovery from or adjustment to chronic illness.
a defense mechanism by which people avoid the implications of disorder, especially one that may be life-threatening
a mood disorder marked especially by sadness, a lack of interests or pleasure, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide
a stable set of beliefs about one's personal qualities and attributes
the perception and evaluation of one's physical functioning and appearance
A program of activities for chronically ill or disabled persons geared toward helping them use their bodies as much as possible, sense changes in the environment and in themselves so as to make appropriate physical accommodations, learn new physical and management skills if necessary, pursue a treatment regimen, and learn how to control the expenditure of energy.
trained and licensed individuals who help people with muscle, nerve, joint or bone diseases to overcome their disabilities as much as possible
trained and licensed individuals who work with emotionally and/or physically disabled purple to determine skill levels and to developed a rehabilitation program to build on and expand these skills
Trained and licensed individuals who apply principles of nutrition and food management to meal planning for institutions such as hospitals or for individuals who need help planning and managing special diets.
Trained and licensed individuals who help patients and their families deal with problems by providing therapy, making referrals, and engaging in social planning; medical social workers help patients and their families ease transitions between illness and recovery states.
a common intervention for partents who have psychosocial complications due to chronic health disorder
Groups of individuals who meet regularly and usually have a common problem or concern; support groups are believed to help people cope because they provide opportunities to share concerns and exchange information with similar others.
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
illness caused by atherosclerosis, the narrowing of the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply the heart with blood
Temporary shortage of oxygen and nourishment frequently causes pain that radiates across the chest and arm
a pattern risk factors for the chronic problems of diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension, characterized by obesity, high waist-to-hip ratio, and insulin resistance. Metabolic syndrome is exacerbated by inactivity, overeating, age, hostility
cardiovascular disease (CVD)
chronically high blood pressure resulting from too much blood passing through too narrow vessels
a deficiency of blood to the heart due to obstruction or constriction of the coronary arteries; often associated with chest pain
An intervention program designed to help heart patients achieve their optimal physical, medical, psychological, social, emotional, vocational, and economic status after the diagnosis of heart disease or a heart attack.
A psychological state that can result after a myocardial infarction or diagnosis of coronary heart disease, consisting of the perception that a patient's abilities and capacities are lower than they actually are; both patients and their spouses are vulnerable to these misperceptions.
high blood pressure; occurs when the supply of blood through the vessels is excessive
A personality predisposition to cope actively with psychosocial stressors; may become lethal when those active coping efforts are unsuccessful; the syndrome has been especially documented among lower-income Blacks at risk for or suffering from hypertension.
a condition that results from a disturbance in blood flow to the brain, often marked by resulting physical or cognitive impairment and, in the extreme death
Patients with left-brain damage often react to their disorder with anxiety and depression' patients with right-brain damage more commonly seem indifferent to their situation
type 2 diabetes
a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance; often co-occurs with the risk of heart disease
type 1 diabetes
an autoimmune disorder characterized by lack of insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas
interactions among behavioral, neuroendocrine, and immunological processes of adaptation
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
the virus that is implicated in the development of AIDS
a disproportionate burden of cancer is carried by some group(s) in comparison to other
The spread of cancer cells beyond their original site
rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
A crippling form of arthritis believed to result from an autoimmune process, usually attacking the small joints of the hands, feet, wrists, knees, ankles, and neck.
a form of arthritis that results when the articular cartilage begins to crack or wear away because of overuse of a particular joint; may also result from injury or other causes; usually affects the weight-bearing joints and is common among athletes and the elderly
infant mortality rate
The number of infant deaths per 1,000 infants
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
A common cause of death among infants, in which an infant simply stops breathing.
death that occurs before the average age of the population- increases during middle age
ending a persons life who as a painful terminal illness for the purpose of terminating the individual's suffering
A physician helps a patient hasten his or her death by providing lethal drugs, offering advice on methods of suicide, or assisting with other interventions.
provide advance directions requesting that extraordinary life-sustaining procedures not to be used if they are unable to make this decision on their own
medical care of the terminally ill
care designed to make the patient feel comfortable
care designed to cure the patient's disease
people who study death and dying
An alternative to hospital and home care, designed to provide warm, personal comfort for terminally ill patients; may be residential or home-based.
An institution for dying patients that encourages personalized, warm, palliative care.
Care for dying patients in the home; the choice of care for the majority of terminally ill patients, though sometimes problematic for family members.
the psychological response to bereavement, is a feeling of hollowness, often marked by preoccupation with the image of the decreased person expression of hostility toward others, and guilt over the death
Programs designed to inform people realistically about death and dying, the purpose of which is to reduce the terror connected with and avoidance of the topic.
Which of the following best predicts compliance with a diabetic treatment regimen?
training diabetics in self-management and problem-solving skills
Individuals who are high in hostility...
show exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity.
Palliative care involves...
care designed to make the patient feel comfortable.
Which of the following emotions increases the risk of heart disease, predicts poor likelihood of survival, and acts as a potential trigger for heart attacks?
Jemma was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. Though Jemma has a supportive family, she sometimes wishes that she could talk to other cancer patients about her physical symptoms and treatment regimen. Jemma might benefit from...
joining a support group
____ are disproportionately exposed to chronic stress and are at an elevated risk for coronary heart disease (CHD).
The combination of obesity centered around the waist, high blood pressure, high levels of triglycerides, and low levels of HDL cholesterol are symptoms of...
Cultural differences have been found in beliefs about...
death related ceremonies
Which of the following guidelines must be followed by the medical staff who work with the dying?
informing the patients of their condition and treatment
_____ levels are indicative of inflammatory activity and may increase in response to stress.
Medical measures of quality of life are...
weakly related with patients' and relatives' assessments
The number-one killer in the United States, accounting for one out of every three deaths, is...
coronary heart disease.
HIV can be transmitted by _____ a person suffering from AIDS.
sharing needles with
According to the research cited in the text, a substantial percentage of terminally ill patients prefer...
Denial serves as a protective function...
during the acute phase of the health disorder
Alex is suffering from migraine. He avoids it completely by eating and sleeping excessively. Which of the following coping strategies is Alex using here?
The risk factors for stroke...
include cigarette smoking
Raj, who complains of chest pain, is admitted to a hospital. The diagnosis reveals that his blood vessels have narrowed and the flow of oxygen and nourishment to his heart is partially obstructed. He is most likely suffering from...
coronary heart disease.
Which of the following statements is true about the Patient Self-Determination Act?
It gives importance to the patients' wishes.
AIDS is caused by a...
Ending the life of a person who is suffering from a painful terminal illness is called...
Salim is a terminally ill patient who is being treated in a hospital. The hospital staff are warm and supportive. They make him feel comfortable by bathing and feeding him every day. In this case, the staff are providing...
What are some types of chronic illness?
Multiple sclerosis, asthma, epilepsy, arthritis, Cancer, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, hypertension, fibromyalgia
Which of the following is true about psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) as discussed in LECTURE?
PNI is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body.
When thinking about HIV and AIDS remember:
Anyone infected with HIV, although healthy, can still transmit the virus to another person
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS and AIDS is result of the progression of HIV Infection
Not everyone who is infected with HIV has AIDS
Everyone with AIDS is infected with HIV
According to the lecture material on coronary heart disease, which of the following is TRUE?
The coronary arteries ALWAYS supply blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the heart.
While each component of metabolic syndrome can cause health problems on its own, a combination of them powerfully increases the risk of having:
Cardiovascular disease (including heart attacks and stroke), Sleep apnea, blindness, amputation,Type 2 diabetes, liver problems, and kidney disease
Text HOME to 741741
Which of the following is correct about body shape and metabolic syndrome?
People with pear and apple shaped bodies are at higher risk than other people for metabolic syndromes.
Topaz lives with significantly reduced productivity, less income, and having poor mental health because:
she has a chronic illness
The living will called "Five Wishes" is used to address all of the following EXCEPT:
Ways that I want to be remembered when I die.
It's a fact. When having a heart attack men and women:
Women are more likely than men to feel nausea, emesis, and dizziness
Suicide deaths in 2018 were:
Higher than the number of deaths caused by homicide.
As we discussed in class, _______ refers to proportion of persons who have a condition at or during a specific timeframe, whereas ________ refers to the proportion or rate of persons who develop a condition during a specific timeframe.
In class, we looked at charts and graphs related to Cancer in the US. Which of the following answers is TRUE?
African American men are more likely to die of cancer than Caucasian men, African American Women, and Caucasian women.
Children experience several chronic illnesses, including:
Asthma and type 1 diabetes.
Celiac disease and food allergies.
Obesity and eczema.
Which statements are FALSE about coronary artery disease?
BOTH ARE TRUE
a) Coronary artery disease develops when the major blood vessels that supply the heart become damaged or diseased. Cholesterol-containing deposits (plaques) in the coronary arteries and inflammation are usually to blame for coronary artery disease.
b) The coronary arteries supply blood, oxygen and nutrients to the heart and a buildup of plaque can narrow these arteries, decreasing blood flow to the heart
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