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Terms in this set (55)
a native or inhabitant of Hindustan or India
Soul of every living thing; his body parts symbol people in the caste system.
"Three forms" of the divine; the three gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
Vishnu is a Hindu god who, in the trinity of gods; is the Preserver
A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world.
A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.
mother goddess, "Goddess", the Divine Feminine, also called the Great Mother
husband or wife
god of learning; arts; wisdom, wife of brahma
wife of Shiva, goddess of death
One of Shiva's wives. She represents erotic and sensual love, the love of courtship and wooing. She is the mother of Ganesha
Hindu goddess of fortune and prosperity, Wife of Vishnu
Hindu god, elephant head- "remover of obstacles", Son of Shiva, popular elephant god in Hinduism, The elephant god (of good fortune).
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism; four collections of sacred writings produced by the aryans during an early stage of their settlement in India, a collection of sacred hymns and poems
(Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism), a writing system developed by the Aryans
the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element
the individual soul
a family of American Indian languages spoken by Mayan peoples
In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life
In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties
(Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths
In Hinduism, it is a category of people who are considered to be outside of society altogether, including the Untouchables.
a member of the highest of the four Hindu varnas; ex. priests
the second caste; ex. kings and warriors
The third caste, and the equivalent of the middle class. They were the merchants, artisans, and farmers.
the fourth caste; ex. farmers
the process of rebirth, the rebirth of the soul in the body of another living being
a method of training developed by the Hindus that is supposed to lead to oneness with God
person who practices yoga
a Hindu religious teacher
a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher
the manifestation of a Hindu deity (especially Vishnu) in human or superhuman or animal form
heard, or "that which is heard." (implies that the texts were revealed)
"what is remembered" - about the devine revelations, myths, epics, legends and laws. constitutes the 2nd level of Hinduist scriptures (i.e. the non-Vedic Literature), "that which is remembered"
Laws of Manu
document that tells you how to live withe your caste
in Hindusim, the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu
avatar of Vishnu who slays a dragon monster to reclaim his stolen wife Sita.
one of four stages in the Hindu age-based social system. The layers consist of students, householders, retirees, and renouncers
when you go from stages in your life
a Hindu ceremony of religious worship, ritual worship
a collection of ancient stories that feature Hindu gods such as Vishnu and Shiva, hindu scriptures written to popularize the abstract truths of the vedas through stories about historical and legendary figures, A collection of Hindu legends and folklore.
(Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne, one of the great epic tales from classical India; traces adventures of King Rama and his wife, Sita
A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe., commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
scared texts that instructs worshipers how to honor the feminine divine. Ways of worship include concentration on yantras, meditation with the hands in murdas, kundalini practices, and use of mantras.
a New Years-type celebration in Hinduism, multi-day festival of lights, festival of lights, marks the coming of winter and the victory of good over evil
The holiday that marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. On this holiday, the hindus go into the streets and spray each other with different colored paints in honor of Krishna.
fertility icon; erect phallus; a stone that symbolizes hindu God Shiva
the official emblem of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich
image or icon of god
spiritual leader of India who used civil disobedience to expose the British mistreatment and to seek equality for Indians in India, a key leader in India's struggle for independence
living without worldly comforts, in extreme discipline
a river in India that flows into the Bay of Bengal; in Hinduism, it is known as a sacred river
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