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First Aid Final (study guide)
Terms in this set (18)
What does RICE stand for?
What is a fracture?
Partial or complete break in the bone
What is a strain?
Injury to the muscle
Explain what a dislocation is?
When a bone is moved out of its original place
How many types of splints are there?
There are 3 types of splints
Name 2 types of splints:
Soft-splints and self-splints
Explain the difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest:
Heart attack - Blood flow to the heart becomes blocked.
Cardiac arrest - Heart stops beating
Explain the difference between poison and toxin:
Poison - Anything that can cause harm if used the wrong way or in the wrong amount
Toxins - poisonous substance produced by bacteria, animals, or plants
How many people, according to the book, smoke pot in America?
Caused by a virus found in warm blooded animals
What type of animals are rabies found in, warm or cold blooded?
Warm blooded animals
What 3 states are venomous snakes NOT found in?
Hawaii, Alaska, and Maine
What is the most dangerous bee in the world?
Name 4 mechanisms for heat loss:
Conduction, Convection, Evaporation, Radiation
Name 3 types of cold exposure to either you or your skin:
Acute - usually in water, 6 hours or less
Subacute - water or land, 6 to 24 hours
Chronic - occurs on land, exceeds 24 hours
Define hypothermia and dehydration:
Hypothermia - when the body temperature drops below 95F (life-threatening).
Dehydration - unperceived fluid loss combined with inadequate fluid intake.
Explain the difference between stroke and heat exhaustion.
Heat stroke symptoms are more extreme and may lose consciousness.
3 types of poisons:
Ingested, inhaled, and injected
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