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HNRS 2800 Week 9
Terms in this set (13)
Which of the following best describes the encomienda system?
A quasi-feudal system of slavery that involved forced labor and tribute payments
In what context had the encomienda system been used before it became widespread in the Americas?
During the Reconquista in newly Christian-ruled territories
What were the two principle causes of the mass deaths of Indigenous peoples in the Americas after the arrival of the Spanish?
The spread of European diseases
Violence and labor exploitation
What percentage of the Indigenous population of the Caribbean died within the first thirty years of European contact?
What was one of the most common justifications for Spanish violence against the Indigenous?
Rumors of a potential rebellion
What did the Cholula and Alvarado massacres have in common? Select all that apply.
The Indigenous were unarmed
The Spanish cited rumors of a rebellion as a cause
Bartolomé de las Casas's vocal opposition to the treatment of the Indigenous Americans began upon his arrival there in 1502.
According to Las Casas, what was Spain's primary mission in the Amercias?
Where was Las Casas's famously failed settlement?
Las Casas believed that individual religious instruction was more effective than mass baptisms.
What was the ultimate outcome of the New Laws of 1542?
Very little real change in Spanish practices in the Americas
Who of the following was one of the major sources Las Casas and Ginés de Sepúlveda drew on in the Valladolid Debate?
Las Casas believed that the Pope had the right to grant lands and territories to Spain.
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