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NUTR Chapter 16 HW
Terms in this set (65)
Food ______ is when the quality, variety, and/or desirability of the diet is reduced and there is difficulty at times providing enough food for everyone in the household.
________ is the primarily physiological (internal) drive to find and eat food.
What is the term for failing health that results from long-standing dietary practices that do not coincide with nutritional needs?
______ deficiency is a leading cause of preventable blindness around the world.
What situation associated with malnutrition is often a result of crop failures, war, and political unrest?
What is it called when the quality, variety, and/or desirability of the diet are reduced and there is difficulty at times providing enough food for everyone in the household?
What is the primary physiological (internal) drive to find and eat food?
_______ is failing health that results from long-standing dietary practices that do not coincide with nutritional needs.
Malnutrition or Malnourishment
Which of the following are associated with chronic hunger?
impaired ability to learn.
reduced energy and strength.
increased susceptibility to infection.
Choose the micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) that are most critically missing from diets worldwide.
_____ is an extreme shortage of food, which leads to massive starvation in a population.
Approximately _____ percent of people in the United States are living at or below the poverty level.
Individuals who are eligible for the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) are able to purchase food and garden seeds using
an electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card.
Chronic hunger is associated with increased susceptibility to ______ disease.
In the grocery store, SNAP participants may use their EBT cards to purchase
seeds to grow food.
Which program became available to help children who come to school hungry?
School Breakfast Program
Low-income children of school age are eligible for
National School Lunch Program.
In 2020, the average Federal Poverty Level for a family of four (across all states except Alaska and Hawaii) was $26,200 per year. Approximately ______ Americans live at or below the Federal Poverty Level.
With reference to the WIC program, W stands for _____, I stands for _____ , and C stands for _____ .
Blank 1: women, women,, or woman
Blank 2: infants, infant, or infants,
Blank 3: children
SNAP recipients are given ______ to purchase food and garden seeds.
an electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card
Events similar to those that cause situational poverty -- a medical emergency, death in the family, loss of a job --can lead to _____.
True or false: SNAP benefits can be used to purchase alcohol, as long as it will be used in cooking.
What are some issues that keep the homeless from obtaining food assistance?
Food pantries and soup kitchens may not have enough supplies to meet the needs of the communities they serve.
Lack of cooking facilities
Political policies that prohibit individuals or groups from sharing food with the poor or homeless
The School Breakfast Program was established for children
who meet certain income guidelines.
The School Lunch Program enables students to receive free or reduced lunches based on
______ has been identified as a disease that significantly contributes to undernutrition in developing nations because it reduces worker productivity and costs so much to treat.
Blank 1: AIDS, HIV, or HIV/AIDS
What is the name of the program that provides food vouchers and nutrition education to pregnant and lactating women and their children?
What is the primary cause of undernutrition in the developing world?
Inequitable food distribution
Poverty and ______ are largely associated with persistent hunger and food insecurity.
Civil disruptions and wars _____ massive undernutrition and set back progress of addressing poverty.
Terry wants to distribute food to the homeless people in his community. Which of the following foods would be most useful for a homeless person?
Loaf of bread and a jar of peanut butter
In the developing world, agricultural production is
not sustainable for the long term.
depleting natural resources.
Why is poverty increasing in the developing world?
Political and civil unrest
Depletion of natural resources
The burden of AIDS
What are the two things that almost always contribute to undernutrition in developing countries?
Lack of sanitation
Worldwide hunger is primarily an outcome of
inequitable distribution of food resources around the world.
Select the ways in which HIV/AIDS impacts nutrition security.
Frequent illnesses decrease the capacity to work.
High medical costs leave less funds to purchase food.
War can lead to malnutrition because
damage to the infrastructure disrupts water sanitation.
roads that are used to transport food may be impassable.
bombing can leave citizens without homes.
How is HIV transmitted from person to person?
Environmentally unsustainable farming methods are undermining food production especially in
The long-term solution for getting food aid to developing countries is to
True or false: Areas of the world with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS are at increased risk for food insecurity.
Areas in which the Peace Corps has helped to improve conditions in developing nations are to:
provide medical supplies
Which of the following is true about the HIV virus?
It has limited ability to survive outside the body.
One specific target of the Sustainable Development Goals is to eliminate gender disparity by increasing women's access to
information and communication technologies.
True or false: Direct food aid is a long-term solution that should be utilized for developing countries.
Which of the following are considerations of sustainable agriculture?
How has the Peace Corps helped to improve conditions in developing nations?
Breeding the best bull with the best cows is an example of _____.
The gender and development approach to improving nutrition security aims to
improve women's access to education, technology, and economic resources.
Genetic engineering is the manipulation of the genetic makeup of any organism with
recombinant DNA technology.
Corn has been genetically modified by insertion of a gene that
confers pest resistance.
Maintaining or enhancing the land and natural resources for the long term, social responsibilities of human resources, and consumer health and safety are all principles of
True or false: The first farmer to improve stock by selectively breeding the best bull with the best cows was implementing biotechnology.
True or false: Genetic modification to produce crops with increased micronutrient content may help to reduce malnutrition in some areas of the world.
The manipulation of the genetic makeup of an organism with recombinant DNA technology is known as
More than 90% of the ______ produced in the United States have been genetically modified to resist pests and improve crop yields.
Undernutrition is particularly damaging during periods of growth, such as infancy, childhood, and pregnancy.
The consequences of a preterm birth include
reduced lung function.
weakened immune system
Which of the following innovations may help to lessen world hunger for years to come?
Select the nutrients that are integrally involved in proper immune function from the list below.
Undernutrition is particularly damaging during infancy and childhood because a lack of energy and nutrients can negatively affect
intellectual and social development.
At what stage of pregnancy is birth considered to be preterm?
Before 37 weeks
Older adults need nutrient-dense diets because
they must meet micronutrient requirements without exceeding energy requirements.
Which of the following are true statements about the relationship between nutrition and immune function?
Diarrheal disease impairs nutritional status.
Poor vitamin A status increases susceptibility to infection.
Zinc and iron are vital for resistance to infectious disease.
Older adults are more vulnerable to undernutrition than young adults because
depression can decrease the drive to eat.
many older adults have fixed incomes after they retire from work.
declining physical and mental function affects their ability to obtain and prepare food.
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