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Terms in this set (20)
A Spanish priest
A dark. oily liquid found underground: oil
An artificial barrier built in a waterway to control the flow of water
Protecting the environment and natural resources
A mud-and-straw brick
A large pipe that carries water to a dry region
The gathering of cattle from the open plains
A cowboy who works on a rancho
The use of ditches and canals to bring water to a dry area
A factory where petroleum is broken down into separate products
Why is farming in the Southwest so difficult?
dry, hot climate and little rain
Which country settled the land that is now the southwestern part of the United States and Mexico?
What was the purpose of cattle drives in the southwest?
move cattle to railroads
What caused boomtowns in the Southwest in the late 1800's and early 1900's?
discovery of oil and natural gas
What was the purpose of building dams in the southwest region?
to provide water supply and generate electricity
Why was water so important to the growth and development of the Southwest?
Dry climate - water was needed to help crops grow and to provide electric power for cities and industries
How did the discovery of oil and natural gas change the Southwest?
They led to great industrial growth. Many small towns became boom towns and continued to develop into big cities.
Describe how the Spanish missions changed the lives of the Native Americans in the Southwest.
The mission changed the Native American culture by teaching them about the Catholic religion, farming methods, crops, ranching, horses, sheep and cattle.
Why did long cattle drives stop when railroads were build in Texas?
Pioneers set up new farms in SW and put up barbed wire fences around their property. These fences blocked the cattle drive paths. The railroad line were built into Texas.
Describe how the SW has changed since the early 1600's.
The Native Americans farmed corn. The Spanish then introduced other crops and ranching to the region. Cowboys took over ranching and began cattle drives. Oil was discovered and oil refineries sprang up in the region creating a new industry.
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