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Heritage the Final Performance
Terms in this set (57)
integrates modern philosophy and science emphasizing ethics over doctrine and experience over the Bible
Who is Friedrich Schleiermacher? What did he say is the essence of religion? What does he say about Christology? Scripture? Theology?
He is the Father of Theological Liberalism.
ESSENCE OF RELIGION -- God consciousness
CHRISTOLOGY -- Christ divine bc he had perfect God consciousness
SCRIPTURE -- account of religious experience and absolute dependence
THEOLOGY -- human experience of God
What did Adolf von Harnack write? What are his three big ideas? What does he want to remove from Christianity?
"What is Christianity," He translated christianity to modern ideas. 1. Kingdom of God--rule of God in each believer's heart
2. Centrality of Love
3. God the Father/Brotherhood of humanity
Remove Supernatural !
Modernity: 3 cute things
1. omnicompetence of reason
2. uniformity of nature
3. optimism of human progress
S O C I A L G O S P E L
Theology not ab dogma but ab social ethics
SIN -- inside social structures (scary)
SALVATION -- social salvation bby
FOUNDER OF NEO-ORTHODOXY PROTESTANTISM
Protestant theologian and member of the Confessing Church, which was founded in 1933 to oppose the growing Nazi control over the churches in Germany
What does Neo-Orthodoxy react against?
liberalism and nationalism
What does Neo-Orthodoxy emphasize about God?
His "otherness" — God must reveal Himself
(2) Critique of marriage between culture/nationalism and church—the CONFESSING church—the Barmen Declaration, against the national church
German Lutheran pastor, part of Confessing Church, critiqued the marriage between culture/nationalism and the church
Developments of the 19th century: 3 cute ideas
2. industrial revolution/slavery
Evangelicalism (which is influenced by REVIVALISM) emphasizes 2 cute kinds of faith. What are they?
1. Individual faith (personal conversion, personal prayer and Bible study)
2. Public faith (abolitionist movement, prohibition movement, prison and labor reform, establishing missionary societies)
What does LIBERALISM do for modernity?
What does the ECUMENICAL movement emphasize?
UNITY among all Christians despite theology, ritual, policy differences
World Council of Churches
The height of the ecumenism movement is the founding of this council in 1948 right after WW2
Did fundamentalists like the ecumenism movement?
What did the First Vatican Council say to modernity as a Catholic reaction to modernity?
What did Pope Pius IX write about modernity?
A Syllabus of Errors
What did First Vatican Council establish in a cute way? (2 things)
1. ULTRAMONTANISM -- Rome alone has authority to determine matters of morality, doctrine, and culture
2. INFALLIBILITY OF THE POPE -- when he speaks ex cathedra
Second Vatican Council. When? Who? How old was he?
Called by Pope John XXIII at age 77
How did Vatican II say the Church should engage with the world? Through what 2 modes?
1. World Church
2. Medicine of Mercy -- ministry of
of encouragement/hope to a HURT and LOST modern world
What dealt Liberal Theology a death blow?
the 20th century (scary)
Liberal Theology (summarized) (3 cute things)
1. Immanence of God
2. Moralization of dogma
3. Universal salvation of humanity
What was decided at Vatican II?
Ecumenical spirit—recognition that Christians outside the catholic church are considered brothers in Christ mass in the language of the people
more laity involvement
attention to the plight of the poor—workers need to be paid enough, scripture as authoritative in teaching
right living in light of God's word, always justice making
a movement within the Catholic church to understand Christianity from the perspective of the poor and oppressed, with a focus on fighting injustice, God chooses sides--justice
Black Theology Tenants
GOD -- God is Black, identifies with the oppressed
SIN -- Racism
SALVATION -- Liberation from racism
ECCLESIOLOGY -- the church must become Black with God
GOD -- Emphasizes feminine aspects of God
SIN -- Patriarchy
SALVATION -Liberation from patriarchy
ECCLESIOLOGY -- Discipleship of equals, "Church in the round" shared ministry
What is the "seed bed" of Black theology?
Civil Rights Movement
Two leaders of BLACK THEOLOGY
MLK Jr and James Cone (A Black Theology of Liberation)
FEMINIST THEOLOGY Background (3 components)
1. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (created Womens' Bible) & suffragette movement
2. Post Vatican II more female, Catholic scholars
3. Womanist theology -- perspective of Black women
What did Pentecostalism originate with? Where? When? Who?
WHAT -- Azusa Street Revival
WHERE -- LA (city of stars?)
WHEN -- 1906
WHO -- William Seymour (African American preacher)
Holy Ghost Anointing Manifestations (6 cute things)
1. Speaking in tongues
3. Snake handling
4. Holy dancing
5. Holy howling
6. Holy laughter
Say something, anything about the CHARISMATIC movement.
From the 1960s -- present; it goes across denominational lines
How dynamic is PENTECOSTAL preaching?
Denominational HERITAGE of Pentecostalism (2)
Assemblies of God
Church of God (Cleveland, TN) (<-- Ashlyn's home) (besides Amarillo)
Is PENTACOSTALISM isolated to one race?
no dog -- it's interracial!
Primary characteristic of PENTECOSTALISM?
Second Baptism of the Holy Ghost
2 attitudes/mindsets of FUNDAMENTALISM
FIVE FUNDAMENTALS OF FUNDAMENTALISM
1. Inerrancy of Scripture
2. Deity of Christ
3. Virgin Birth of Christ
4. Penal Substitutionary Atonement
5. Literal bodily resurrection and second coming of Christ
What 2 things do FUNDAMENTALISTS reject?
1. modernity (go away)
2. liberalism (evil)
Latin and South American Theology Background
Second Conference of Latin American Bishops
MARXIST theories for socioeconomic analysis
Early solidarity with revolutions, so got a reputation for violence, but later aligned with democracy and nonviolence
In what 3 ways does God reveal Himself in Bible according to Neo-Orthodoxy?
What did the Confessing Church release as a complete roast track of Nazi Germany?
The Barmen Declaration
What originated the Ecumenical Movement?
Edinburgh Missionary Conference in 1910
4 Precursors for Ecumenical Movement
2. Missionary enterprises
3. Bible societies
4. Student Christian Movement
5 Decision of Vatican II (let's name them!)
1. Ecumenical spirit (other Christians/other religions)
2. Mass in the language of the people (so.. not latin)
3. Laity more involved
4. Attention to the plight of the poor
5. Affirmed supremacy of Scripture (but not sola scriptura)
Latin and South American Theology Tenants
GOD -- God chooses sides, and he chooses the poor/oppressed/sufferers
SIN -- Oppression (from Gov)
SALVATION -- Liberation from oppression
ECCLESIOLOGY -- church must side w and work for the oppressed as BASE COMMUNITIES
4 Characteristics of LIBERATION THEOLOGY
1. Contextual -- different for each social setting
2. Experience -- oppression, theology from below
3. Orthopraxis -- always liberating activity
4. Power of Language -- cool!
Theology from Below
Other religions (Outside of Christianity) are completely false and devoid of any value or redemption. Christianity is the one and only truth.
Common Denominator/Universalist Approach
At their basics, all religions share common principles and beliefs concerning God (omnipotent and omniscient) and/or ethics (love and justice).
Other religions contain
or provide a partial witness to truth, and they offer value to humanity BUUUT
Christianity possesses the full or complete revelation of truth--all truth in other religions is fully realized in Christianity.
Jesuit theologian "anonymous Christian"
Faithful Witness/ Dialogue Approach
In both word and deed, Christians faithfully live out the ways of Christ, giving witness to their faith of Christ. Christians do not judge (it's God's responsibility) specifically their "neighbors" (persons of other religions); they live out their faith in relation to their neighbor.
Shifting Center of Christianity
North America and Europe are declining BUT in places like Russia, China, India, SA, etc. Christianity is increasing
The movement of Christianity in Southern Hemisphere, Geographical reformation
3 Characteristics of Third Church
2. Morally conservative
3. Geo-political dimension (religion filling vacuum when no more nation/state identity) (extremist/militant)
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