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practice questions for pediatrics
Terms in this set (121)
too high of a tone can do what?
pull on spine and different directions and cause curvature
too low of tone can do what?
not giving the spine support = potential curvature
usually when first bone = low tone
abnormal tone can be cause of?
all MSK deformities
low tone in utero
limbs can be in fixed positions - born with contractures, and curvatures
a parent of a 3 year old is explaining that her child walks funny and it appears her legs stand far apart (bow legged). what is the best response by the nurse?
a. she will need surgery
b. this is a normal sign of development
c. don't worry about it
d. she needs medication
this is a normal signs of development for the child's age. children between 2-3 years of age often have bowing of the leggs
a parent of a 12 year old child is concerned because they appear to have knocked knees. what is the best action the nurse can take?
a. assess for vitamin D deficiency
b. prepare for surgery
c. tel the parent the child needs to eat more sugar
d. tell them its not a concern
a. assess for vitamin D deficiency. it is normal for the child to have bow legs at 2-3 yoa and knocked knees between 4-5 yoa but as they grow this can be a sign of rickets which is a deficiency in vitamin D.
upper motor neurons
brain and spinal cord
lower motor neurons
ventral horn motor neurons, innervate skeletal muscles
what is the NUMBER ONE cause of CP
b. birth trauma
c. large birth weight
d. low birth weight
a child patient comes to the hospital for an assessment. He has shown signs of OCD. He now has impaired social interaction as well as impaired speech and language. The nurse expects?
c. cerebral palsy
the number one differentiation between autism and aspergers is lack of speech and language skills
what is LH (luteinizing hormone)
a hormone that causes the secretion of sex hormones by the testes and ovaries
What is ADH?
PTH (parathyroid hormone)
increases blood calcium
a 7 year old girl presents to the clinic with low urine output, a Na level of 100, and a BP of 200/130. The nurse expects the hcild has?
-SOAKED INSIDE - pt who has SIADH may be given GH to assist the liver in making proteins for glucose utilization
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