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Chapter 6 Lesson 2 & 3 Review Sheet
7th Grade Social Studies
Terms in this set (24)
List the three different estates and explain who belonged to which group.
The First Estate: Catholic clergy
The Second Estate: aristocracy (nobles)
The Third Estate: Everyone else in France
List the causes of the French Revolution
Nobles and clergy refused the king's request to pay taxes.
Third Estate set up the National Assembly.
King Louis XVI banned the Third Estate from meetings with the Estates-General.
In 1792, Paris set up a new government called the National Convection.
What did the storming of Bastille represent? Why was it important?
The storming of Bastille represent angry peasants attacking a royal fortress and prison called the Bastille. It was important because these angry peasants were inspired by a successful revolution in America, so they protested their conditions.
What was the National Convention and what was its purpose?
The National Convection was a new government that Paris set up. Its purpose was to write a constitution and set up an institutional monarchy.
What happened to King Louis XVI and his wife? Why?
King Louis XVI and his wife were beheaded because they were the reason that France had a large debt.
What was the committee of public safety? Who led it?
The committee of public safety was a committee that opened new schools, taught the peasants new farming skills, and worked to keep prices under control. Maximilien Robespierre led it.
What was the Reign of Terror?
The Reign of Terror was a time period in which strong leaders beheaded thousands of people who objected to the new government.
What was the Directory?
The Directory was a five-man council created to run the country.
How did Napoleon come to power? And what did he do once in office?
Napoleon came to power in a coup d´état. He declared himself emperor, limited personal freedom and led France in bloody wars to establish an empire.
Who defeated him that led to his exile to Elba?
Napoleon's enemies exiled him from France which led to his exile to Elba.
What battle exiled him to St. Helena
The battle of Waterloo exiled him to St. Helena.
What did the Congress of Vienna do once they met about Napoleon?
The Congress of Vienna met in 1814 to return Europe to stability. The conservative leaders of the conference restored European monarchies to power in much of Europe.
love for one's country
How did Napoleon spread nationalism
Equality for all, freedom of religion, and economic freedom.
What role did the American and French Revolutions play in nationalism?
Both revolutions strengthened the idea of nationalism.
List the key players in the reforms in England
Chartists, Gladstone, Disraeli, and suffragettes
What were the suffragettes
The suffragettes were people who pushed for women to vote.
Who was Napoleon III?
He was the new king of France who lead France into the Franco-Prussian war.
How did Austria become Austria-Hungarian Empire?
Austria allowed its territory to be divided and part of it became the Hungarian Empire. The two territories were linked together and became the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
What happened to the serfs under Czar Alexander II in Russia?
Czar Alexander II in Russia freed the serfs in an effort to improve his country.
Who was Garibaldi and what role did he play in the unification of Italy?
Garibaldi was a nationalist leader. He led uprisings in southern Italy.
What role did Otto von Bismarck play in the unification of Germany?
Otto von Bismarck was the prime minister of Germany. He and King Wilhelm I strengthened the Prussian army together.
Why did 11 states secede from America? What does secession mean? Who won?
11 states seceded from America because southern states feared that Abraham Lincoln would end slavery. Secession means the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state. The North won.
What role did Simon Bolivar, L'Ouverture and Jose de Dan Martin play in the Caribbean and Latin America
Simon Bolivar, L'Ouverture, and Jose de Dan Martin led successful rebellions in the Caribbean and Latin America.
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