Self-esteem: Strength, achievement, mastery and competence, confidence in the face of the world, independence, freedom
Respect needs: Status, dominance, recognition, attention, importance, appreciation
Spirituality is experienced as a unifying force, life principle, essence of being.
Spirituality is expressed and experienced in and through connectedness with nature, the earth, the environment, and the cosmos.
People express and experience spirituality in and through connectedness with other people.
Spirituality shapes self-becoming and is reflected in a person's being, knowing, and doing.
Spirituality permeates life, providing purpose, meaning, strength, and guidance, and shaping the journey.
D) People may be members of multiple cultural groups at one time.
E) Culture guides what is acceptable behavior for people in a specific group.
F) Cultural practices may evolve over time but mainly remain constant.
A person may be a member of multiple cultural, ethnic, and racial groups at one time. Culture guides what is acceptable behavior for people in a specific group. Cultural practices and beliefs may evolve over time, but they mainly remain constant as long as they satisfy a group's needs. The United States has become more (not less) inclusive of same-sex couples. The definition of cultural diversity includes, but is not limited to, people of varying cultures, racial and ethnic origin, religion, language, physical size, biological sex, sexual orientation, age, disability, socioeconomic status, occupational status, and geographic location. Cultural diversity, including culture, ethnicity, and race, is an integral component of both health and illness.
A) A Native American patient
C) An Alaska Native
E) A White patient
F) A Hispanic patient
Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Hispanics, and Whites are more prone to developing diabetes mellitus. African Americans are prone to hypertension, stroke, sickle cell anemia, lactose intolerance, and keloids. Asians are prone to hypertension, liver cancer, thalassemia, and lactose intolerance.
A) The nurse motivates coworkers to solicit funding to set up the clinic.
D) The nurse spends time with supporters to help them grow in their roles.
F) The nurse prizes leadership because of the need to serve others.
In order to serve as servant leaders, nurses need to invest in those who support the organization's values, show passion, can play to their strengths, and demonstrate a positive attitude. They should develop their vision to see the future related to a current anticipated need, and motivate others to follow and engage. They also need to provide ongoing opportunities for collaborations, sharing, reflection, encouragement, and celebration, as well as hard work. The servant leader allows others to have a voice, to exercise control, and to practice leading themselves. The servant first makes sure that other people's highest priority needs are being served. The best test, and most difficult to administer, is: Do those served grow as people? Do they, while being served, become healthier, wiser, freer, more autonomous, more likely themselves to become servants?
b, f, d, c, a, e, h, g. Planned change involves the following steps: (1) recognize symptoms that indicate a change is needed and collect data, (2) identify a problem to be solved through change, (3) determine and analyze alternative solutions, (4) select a course of action from possible solutions, (5) plan for making the change, (6) implement the change, (7) evaluate the change, and (8) stabilize the change. C) Documentation of a patient's I & O on the flow chart
Documenting a patient's I & O on a flow chart may be delegated to a UAP. Professional nurses are responsible for the initial patient assessment, discharge planning, health education, care planning, triage, interpretation of patient data, care of invasive lines, administering parenteral medications. What they can delegate are assistance with basic care activities (bathing, grooming, ambulation, feeding) and things like taking vital signs, measuring intake and output, weighing, simple dressing changes, transfers, and post mortem care.
C) Hospice care
The hospice nurse combines the skills of the home care nurse with the ability to provide daily emotional support to dying patients and their families. Respite care is a type of care provided for caregivers of homebound ill, disabled, or older adults. Palliative care, which can be used in conjunction with medical treatment and in all types of health care settings, is focused on the relief of physical, mental, and spiritual distress. Extended-care facilities include transitional subacute care, assisted-living facilities, intermediate and long-term care, homes for medically fragile children, retirement centers, and residential institutions for mentally and developmentally or physically disabled patients of all ages.
C) Develop rapport with the patient and her family.
D) Assess the patient to identify her needs.
E) Assess the physical environment of the home.
In the entry phase of the home visit, the nurse develops rapport with the patient and family, makes assessments, determines nursing diagnoses, establishes desired outcomes, plans and implements prescribed care, and provides teaching. In the pre-entry phase of the home visit, the nurse collects information about the patient's diagnoses, surgical experience, socioeconomic status, and treatment orders. In the pre-entry phase, the nurse also gathers supplies needed, makes an initial phone contact with the patient to arrange for a visit, and assesses the patient's environment for safety issues.
A) "CHA proponents believe the mind, body, and spirit are integrated and together influence health and illness."
B) "CHA proponents believe that health is a balance of body systems: mental, social, and spiritual, as well as physical."
E) "The emphasis is on disease for allopathic proponents and drugs, surgery, and radiation are key tools for curing."
With CHA, mind, body, and spirit are integrated and together influence health and illness, and illness is a manifestation of imbalance or disharmony. Allopathic beliefs include: The main causes of illness are considered to be pathogens (bacteria or viruses) or biochemical imbalances, curing seeks to destroy the invading organism or repair the affected part, and emphasis is on disease and high technology. Drugs, surgery, and radiation are among the key tools for dealing with medical problems. According to allopathic beliefs, health is the absence of disease.
B) Providing patient education
D) Making appropriate interventions to prevent illness
E) Believing in the healing power of nature
F) Encouraging patients to take responsibility for their own health
Naturopathic medicine is not only a system of medicine, but also a way of life, with emphasis on patient responsibility, patient education, health maintenance, and disease prevention. Its principles include minimizing harmful side effects and avoiding suppression of symptoms, educating patients and encouraging them to take responsibility for their own health, treating the whole person, preventing illness, believing in the healing power of nature, and treating the cause of a disease or condition rather than its symptoms.