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HNF150: Week 11 Learning Objectives
Terms in this set (25)
what are the three components of the body's energy expenditure and how much does each one contribute to total energy expenditure?
Physical activity 25-50%; Thermic effect of food 5-10%; BMR 50-65%
What are the roles of BMR and other factors in determining an individual's daily energy needs?
What is the potential impact of "outside the body/environmental" factors on weight control efforts?
it affects appetite which is a learned behavior and influenced by social circumstances
What is the set point theory?
a theory stating that the body's regulatory controls tend to maintain a particular body weight over time, counteracting efforts to lose weight by dieting
what is thermogenesis?
the generation and release of body heat associated with the breakdown of body fuels
what is the settling zone?
a theory that accounts for the influences of both genetics and the environment on body weight
what is the function of leptin in the body?
Leptin travels through the blood to the hypothalamus and causes us to decrease food intake
What are the health risks associated with very low BMIs?
What are the health risks associated with very high BMIs?
What are the health benefits of cardiovascular fitness and healthy eating?
What are the parallels between the Minnesota Semi-starvation study and the effect of dieting and eating disorders in today's society?
What is the importance of BMI and fitness for health? Consequences and mortality?
The further away you are from a normal BMI the greater risk you are for health complications and death
What is the "Health at Every Size" paradigm? why does it show promise for promoting health to people of all sizes?
shifts the focus from weight management to health promotion; it supports improved health behaviors for people of all sizes without using weight as a mediator
What are the risks of dieting?
What is the efficacy % for dieting as a treatment for obesity? Why is it low?
What are the psychological and physiological harms associated with dieting?
What are the characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
extreme restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, leading to dangerously low body weight and a disturbed perception of body weight and shape
What are the characteristics of bulimia nervosa?
recurring episodes of binge eating combined with a morbid fear of becoming fat, usually followed by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, or excessive exercise
What are the characteristics of of eating disorder-not otherwise specified?
does not fit the strict requirements of other ED, but cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas
What are the characteristics of binge eating disorder?
similar to bulimia nervosa, excluding the purging or other compensatory behaviors; eating when not hungry, eating alone, uncomfortably full,
What factors contribute to the risk of developing eating disorders?
What eating behaviors are associated with eating disorders? What are the health risks and consequences associated with these behaviors?
What are the characteristics of a competent eater?
body acceptance; healthy eating habits; healthy weight for age, height, and body type
What three strategies encourage eating competence?
feed yourself faithfully; give yourself permission to eat; notice as you learn and grow
How does eating competence support health?
decreases the risk of disordered eating and supports sustainable eating behaviors that support good nutrition
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