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PSYC 420 Abnormal Final
Terms in this set (260)
The biopsychosocial perspective incorporates a developmental viewpoint. This means that:
we must understand how different factors influence change over the course of a person's life.
The frequency of new cases of a disorder within a given time period is referred to as
The form in which psychotherapy is offered (e.g., individual psychotherapy versus grouptherapy) is referred to as its
Social scientists use the term _____ to refer to the interaction in which biological,psychological, and sociocultural factors play a role in the development of an individual'ssymptoms.
In prehistoric times, skulls of the living had holes cut out of them, a process called_____, apparently in an effort to release the evil spirits from the person's head.
Andrea has been experiencing low mood, low energy, and significant weight gain for the last2 months. She visits three mental health professionals, and each one diagnoses her withMajor Depressive Disorder. In actuality, she has a glandular condition called hypothyroidism which causes the same symptoms, but is not caused by a mental disorder. Andrea's experience with the three professionals represents
high reliability and low validity
Gracie, a researcher, is interested in analyzing the relationship between smoking and lifespan. The results of her correlational study indicate that as the number of cigarettes smoked per day increases, life span decreases. This is an example of the _____ kind of correlation.
Clinical decision making that integrates the best available research evidence and clinical expertise in the context of the cultural background, preferences, and characteristics of clients is called
evidence-based practice in psychology.
Ramona is a member of a tribe residing in the rain forests of South America. She has been exhibiting certain symptoms of psychological disorder like severe depression and memory loss. The tribe's shaman pronounced that the spirit of a demon tiger has possessed Ramona and is the main cause of her distress. The approach used by the shaman in this instance is an example of the _____ approach.
Angelina's family was killed in a tornado that ripped through her hometown. AlthoughAngelina was not in town when this happened, she has been experiencing episodes of intensedepression and anxiety because of the mental trauma she suffered. Angelina's condition ismost likely to be the result of a _____ cause.
When using the experimental design, the variable whose level is adjusted or controlled by the experimenter is known as the _____ variable.
An important early step for a clinician in the diagnostic process involves
gaining a clear description of the client's symptoms
Which of the following expressions best reflects respect for the individual?
person with schizophrenia
Participants' expectations of what is going to happen to them in an experiment are referred to a/an
Which of the following refers to the extent to which a diagnosis or rating accurately characterizes a person's psychological status?
Emil Kraepelin, promoted a classification system much like that applied to medical diagnoses. He proposed that
disorders could be identified by their patterns of symptoms.
Dr. Burns is analyzing his client's personal history in an attempt to identify the factors thatmay have produced his psychotic behavior. Dr. Burns is creating a/an
The process of ruling out possible alternative diagnoses is called a/an
Multiple diagnostic conditions that occur simultaneously within the same individual are referred to as
Mr. Kang, a recent immigrant from China, is overwhelmed and distressed by the untimely death of his wife. His co-workers are concerned about his mental health because he believe she is in constant contact with her and can be seen talking to her on a regular basis. It is not likely that Mr. Kang would be diagnosed as having a mental disorder because his behavior
is an acceptable and culturally sanctioned response in his particular culture.
A process involving the recording of behavior in its natural context, such as the classroom or
the home, is known as _______ observation
According to the clinicians, which of the following refers to the ability to formulate goals,
make plans, carry out those plans, and then complete the plans in an effective way?
Which of the following is a major advantage of the fMRI?
It does not require injection of radioactive materials.
Which of the following is true about neuropsychological assessment?
Clinicians use neuropsychological assessment measures to attempt to determine
the functional correlates of brain damage.
A behavioral self-reporting technique in which the client keeps a record of the frequency of
specified behaviors is known as
A/an _______ is a method of objectively assessing a client's behavior and functioning in a
number of spheres, with particular attention to the symptoms associated with psychological
mental status examination
What kind of psychological test yields information about cognitive functioning and the
presence of learning disabilities?
A clinician watches a client through a one-way mirror and records the number of times he
engages in self-injurious behavior. This assessment method is commonly referred to as
Which of the following is the most commonly administered self-report inventory?
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
A series of questions that clinicians administer in a face-to-face interaction with the client
that enables the clinicians to make observations of their clients is known as
a clinical interview
The _______ test requires the client to comment on what he or she sees when presented with an
Which of the following terms refers to how well a test measures what it is designed to
A person taking the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is asked to
tell a story about the scene shown on the card.
Measurement techniques based on objective recordings of an individual's actions are referred
A _____ is a procedure in which a clinician provides a formal evaluation of an individual's
cognitive, personality, and psychosocial functioning
The ______ interview is a standardized series of assessment questions, with a predetermined
wording and order.
Lian, a Chinese American, was asked by her clinician if she could speak English fluently.
The clinician took into account Lian's cultural, ethnic, and racial background. Which of the
following was performed by Lian's clinician?
Why are clients less guarded about their responses on projective tests?
Clients don't know how the assessor will interpret their answers.
Harvey is asked to recall a series of digits in forward order and backward order. Which of the
following scales is being tested in Harvey's case?
Amelia takes a psychological test with standardized questions having fixed response category
as "true" or "false." She completes the test independently on the computer and reports the
extent to which the responses are accurate characterizations. This test is objective in the
sense that the scoring does not involve any form of subjective judgment on the part of the
examiner. Which form of personality test did Amelia undertake?
self-reported clinical inventory
One major trait theory approach to abnormal psychology proposes that
there are five basic dispositions in personality.
According to Carl Rogers, psychological disorders mainly develop when
others set conditions of worth on a person.
The study of _______ attempts to identify the ways that the environment influences genes to
The way a person relates to a caregiver figure is referred to as
According to Freud, we can obtain pleasure only when
the tension of an unmet drive is reduced.
Which of the following is the type of reinforcement experienced by an individual who simply
watches someone else get reinforced?
DNA methylation is a process associated with
The therapy that teaches clients to acknowledge that certain uncomfortable emotions are
going to occur in certain situations, rather than fighting them, is called
acceptance and commitment therapy
________ conditioning refers to the connection between an originally neutral stimulus and a
naturally evoking stimulus that produces an automatic reflexive reaction.
Which of the following is a client-centered technique that lays most emphasis on a client's
Which of the following is likely to have the highest degree of genetic relatedness?
Thomson is a chain smoker. In an attempt to help Thomson quit smoking, his therapist
demonstrates to him how a person can lead a healthy life after giving up cigarettes. This
method is an example of:
Dr. Larry focuses on external factors like the influence of people and institutions that have an
effect on the personality of his clients. The technique employed by Dr. Larry is referred to as
the ________ perspective.
A client's realization that his or her problems are not unique can be facilitated most
Sandy suffers from Alzheimer's disease. Her treatment includes the application of electrical
shock to the head for the purpose of inducing therapeutically beneficial seizures. Which of
the following treatments is Sandy being given?
The main goal of traditional psychoanalytic treatment was to
bring repressed unconscious material into conscious awareness.
Ronald is bullied at school but he does not retaliate. However he goes home and aggressively
hits his punching bag. Which of the following defense mechanisms is Ronald using?
Jackie fears that if he gets into a plane, it will crash. His clinician attempts to change his
thoughts by questioning and challenging his dysfunctional attitudes and irrational beliefs.
Identify the method employed by the clinician.
Psychotherapeutic medications are treatments that are intended to reduce the symptoms of an
individual suffering from psychological disorders by:
altering the levels of the neurotransmitters responsible for the disorder.
Which of the following best defines counterconditioning?
it is the process of replacing an undesired response to a stimulus with an
Devlin is reclusive and does not derive pleasure from any kind of social activity. She rarely
attends any social gathering and keeps to herself. Which of the following personality
domains in the DSM-5 is Devlin depicting?
According to the response modulation hypothesis,
individuals high on the trait of psychopathy are unable to pay enough attention
to secondary cues to switch their attention when necessary.
In which of the following therapies do clinicians help their clients take a step back and learn
to identify their problematic ruminative thinking patterns in the context of a building a
supportive therapeutic alliance?
Lamont is an interstate truck driver. Many people consider him a loner. Lamont is
indifferent to the idea of marriage, shows no emotions, and does not seem to desire social
contact. If we assume Lamont's problem is long-standing, which of the following
diagnoses would be most appropriate?
schizoid personality disorder
The term "obsessive-compulsive" as it applies to individuals who suffer from obsessive-
compulsive personality disorder refers to the
rigidly compulsive personality tendency they have.
Cognitive-behavioral therapists may use __________ to present the client with social situations that
are increasingly more difficult for them to confront.
Felix has been a worrier all of his life. When he was a child, he believed and followed the
expression "step on a crack, break your mother's back." He is now a perfectionist and runs his
daily routine based on an inflexible schedule. His environment is arranged very predictably;
for example, all of his shirts must be neatly pressed and hung exactly four inches apart in his
closet. His pursuit of perfection has become self-defeating rather than constructive. Felix
would be diagnosed as having _________ personality disorder.
Andrew's inability to engage in goal-directed behaviors when experiencing distress has led to
several problems for him at work. His lack of awareness, understanding, or acceptance of
emotions has led to people disliking him. Which of the following term explains Andrew's
inability to regulate emotions?
Individuals with paranoid personality disorder
project their own mistakes and problems to other people.
Risky activities like speeding and bungee-jumping that may be undertaken by
psychopaths may be a manifestation of their
Statistics show that impulsivity, acting out, and other extreme behaviors of people with
antisocial personality disorder decrease as these individuals age. This finding supports what
is known as the
Which of the following is the one of the most significant factors in determining personality
A person has significant impairment in cognition, affectivity, interpersonal
functioning, or impulse control
When asked why she tried to kill herself, Calista responded, "These past few days I
haven't really been sure about myself. I wasn't really sure I was alive. It was a test."
Calista's intent would be best described as
Ingrained patterns of relating to other people, situations, and events with a rigid and
maladaptive pattern of inner experience and behavior, dating back to adolescence or early
adulthood are characteristics of
Which personality disorder is characterized by an unrealistic, inflated sense of self-
importance and an sensitivity toward the needs of other people?
narcissistic personality disorder
Vic has demonstrated a long-standing pattern of disreputable and manipulative behaviors. He
has a drug abuse problem and has a long criminal record for a variety of crimes. What is
worse, he shows no remorse for some of the harsh things he has done. Vic would most likely
be diagnosed as having _________ personality disorder.
According to psychoanalytic theories, the narcissist's inflated self-image is a result of
a paradoxical attempt to overcome insecurity
Which of the following is true about antisocial personality disorder?
Not all individuals with antisocial personality disorder engage in explicitly
criminal behavior, but instead their disorder may manifest itself in behaviors such as job
problems, promiscuity, and aggressiveness.
Lori becomes angry and hostile when her boyfriend chooses to spend a night out with his
friends. She views him as "bad" and tries to manipulate him in order to make him stay home.
Occasionally, when this occurs he threatens to break off the relationship, but Lori will do
almost anything to keep him. She has on occasion threatened to commit suicide. Lori's
behavior pattern is characteristic of _________ personality disorder.
At her going-away party, Elaina sobbed uncontrollably and became overwhelmed with
emotion at the thought of leaving even though everyone knew that she was secretly glad to be
moving out of town and away from everyone there. Her co-workers often recall dramatic
shouting matches with others over small details and overbearing attempts to seduce all of the
men in the office. Elaina's attempts to get attention might be indicative of _____ personality
Jamie has fallen into the habit of taking a form of hallucinogen found in certain mushrooms.
This has slowed down his motor reflexes and altered his perception. He is unable to
distinguish between his imagination and the real world. Identify the hallucinogen.
Disulfiram is a medication that operates by the principles of
The permanent form of dementia associated with long-term alcohol use in which the
individual develops retrograde and anterograde amnesia, leading to an inability to remember
recent events or learn new information is called
________ is a psychoactive substance that is a form of opioid, synthesized from morphine.
Erica has a significant problem with her alcohol use patterns and is trying to abstain from
drinking. However, she goes to a party, breaks down, and has a drink. The relapse prevention
model propagates that she should
not consider it as a sign of definite failure
To be diagnosed with substance use disorder, an individual has to meet certain criteria.
Which of the following is one of the mandatory criteria to be fulfilled?
An individual must use the substance even though it causes significant problems
in their life.
Natalie has been using a substance high in delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol for over two years.
Of late she is facing respiratory difficulties. Her physician has also warned her that she is at a
high risk of getting a heart attack. It is most likely that Natalie is a heavy user of
Which of the following is one of the effects of cocaine?
Nicky exhibits all of the classic symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder. Over the past two
weeks, she has taken to drinking heavily. Which of the following facts best accounts for her
individuals with anxiety disorders are more likely to use substances
Judith is fighting her heroin addiction. Her physician prescribes her a synthetic opioid that
produces a safer and more controlled reaction than heroin and that is used in treating heroin
addiction. Identify this drug.
Vaughn Smith, an investment banker, was leading a regular life until his recent trip to a
casino in Atlantic City, where he won $50,000 playing Keno. Now he regularly visits casinos
to play a variety of games and often ends up neglecting his familial and professional duties
on account of his obsession with games of chance. Despite the fact that he loses thousands of
dollars, he is unable to resist his drive to visit casinos on a regular basis. Vaughn Smith is
most likely to be suffering from
Clinicians classify alcohol as
a nervous system depressant
__________ is a stimulant that affects both the central nervous and the autonomic nervous systems.
Cocaine's effects are mainly due to blocking the removal of _________ from the synapses
Which of the following is the cause of Wernicke's disease?
deficiency of thiamine
George had started taking cocaine a year ago. He is addicted to the feeling of euphoria
brought about by cocaine. Of late, even after using the same amount of cocaine that he had
been using for the past year, he feels less of its effects. This situation is referred to as
Hydrocodone, morphine, and codeine are types of
The main neurotransmitter involved with MDMA is
Susan has just quit smoking. Ever since she stopped smoking, she has become very testy. She
feels anxious and irritable. The change in Susan's behavior and temperament after she
stopped smoking is referred to as
Caffeine has all of the following effects EXCEPT
a. increases the production of adrenaline.
b. increases perceived alertness levels.
c. decreases heart rate.
d. activates the sympathetic nervous system.
decreases heart rate
An individual at the high-functioning end of the autism spectrum is likely to show
abnormalities in which of the following areas?
________ is a learning disorder in which the individual's writing is characterized by poor
spelling, grammatical or punctuation errors, and disorganization of paragraphs.
Specific learning disorder with impairment in written expression
The disorder that causes developmental delays and early death, usually before the child
reaches the age of 4 or 5, is called
Jim is eight years old and cannot yet tie his own shoes. He is extremely embarrassed in
gym class because he cannot catch, throw, or kick a ball. His parents regard him as being
"accident-prone." Jim most likely has ___________ disorder.
Girls with Fragile X syndrome may show no symptoms other than
premature menopause or difficulty conceiving a child.
Which of the following is true of stereotypic movement disorder?
It occurs more commonly in children who are blind.
At 12 months of age, it was evident that little Saber was unresponsive to people. He
resisted the cuddling of his parents and became increasingly aloof. Saber was most likely
autism spectrum disorder.
Dyslexia is also known as
specific learning disorder with impairment in reading.
In order to develop Tay-Sachs disease,
both of the child's parents must have this genetic defect.
Cathy substitutes, omits, or incorrectly articulates speech sounds. She uses a t sound for
the letter s, saying "tite" rather than "site." She mispronounces most of the words and has
academic difficulties. Which of the following disorder represents Cathy's condition?
Speech sound disorder
Sarah is 7 years old and displays difficulties in understanding numbers, learning
arithmetic facts, and performing accurate calculations. She is showing signs of
Which of the following is characteristic of an individual with Down syndrome?
Some of the characteristic features of people with Down syndrome include a
flattened nose, small ears, small mouth, and upward slanting eyes.
Alex has been dually diagnosed with ADHD and Tourette's syndrome. Which of the
following types of medications would be most effective in treating his conditions?
Which of the following terms refers to conditions involving impaired expression or
understanding of language?
Which of the following is true about autism spectrum disorder?
The sensory abnormalities of children with autism spectrum disorder may take
the form of hypersensitivity to sound, light, or smell.
Nathan generally has no difficulty sitting still, but cannot focus his attention on what the
teacher is saying for long periods of time. He is easily distracted, and his parents feel that
he does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. He is a quiet, obedient child who
rarely butts into conversations or games. Which type of attention-deficit/hyperactivity
disorder is Nathan likely to be diagnosed with?
Which of the following most likely indicates the reason for children to be born with
Mother was malnourished during the critical phase of fetal development
The disorder originating in childhood in which the individual voluntarily repeats
nonfunctional behaviors such as rocking or head-banging is called
stereotypic movement disorder.
_______ is a condition that presents itself in childhood and is characterized by significantly
below-average general cognitive functioning as well as deficits in adaptive skills
The Lovaas treatment rests on principles of
Affective flattening, alogia, avolition, and anhedonia are all
negative symptoms of schizophrenia
Researchers refer to the symptoms of schizophrenia that are exaggerations or distortions
of normal thoughts, emotions, and behavior as ________ symptoms.
Which of the following is a typical symptom of tardive dyskinesia?
Involuntary movement in the trunk, arms, and mouth
In which of the following phases of schizophrenia are the psychotic symptoms most
Eric, who has schizophrenia, lacks the energy to take any initiative. This condition is referred to as
The wasting away or deterioration of tissue in the cerebral cortex is referred to as
Which of the following is one of the mandatory criteria needed to be fulfilled in order for
a person to be diagnosed with brief psychotic disorder?
A person should experience one of the four symptoms associated
with schizophrenia for more than a day.
Which psychotic disorder is defined as having active symptoms that last longer than a
month but less than 6 months?
Emily complains that she feels spiders crawling all over her body at night even though
there are no actual spiders anywhere near her. This is an example of a/an
Roland has the illusion that he is the reincarnation of Napoleon and wants to conquer the
world. Roland is most likely to be diagnosed with:
Which of the following is the primary symptom of catatonia?
Extreme motor disturbances that have no direct physiological cause
Graham believes that he is the reincarnation of Christ and the responsibility of restoring
peace and order to the world lies on his shoulder. This is an example of a/an
Which of the following terms is used to refer to the biologically based predisposition of
developing a particular disorder?
Which of the following best describes disorganized speech?
Language that is incomprehensible or incoherent
Schizophrenia tends to drive people into poverty, which in turn interferes with their
ability to work and earn a living. This notion is referred to as
People suffering from the somatic type of delusion are most likely to harbor the belief that
they suffer from some serious disease.
Jean has been diagnosed with schizophrenia. She does not have any interest in building social relationships
and stays locked up in her room most of the time. When friends try to contact her, she either ignores them or
has the minimum possible interaction with them that she can. This symptom of schizophrenia is referred to as:
Raymond is a janitor at a large corporation and is convinced that the decisions he makes while
cleaning affect the functioning of the company more significantly than the decisions made by the CEO.
Which type of delusional disorder is most likely afflicting Raymond?
People with schizophrenia show ________ meaning that their brains undergo positive
adaptive changes during cognitive training.
The difference between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder is that people
suffering from schizoaffective disorder
experience mood disorders
Which of the following is a cognitive-behavioral method designed to reduce obsessive
Jason thinks that his nose is far too big for his face and that it makes him look ugly. He is
overly conscious of his appearance and shuns social gatherings. Jason displays signs of
body dysmorphic disorder.
Ramona was mugged at gunpoint in a dark parking lot after work two nights ago. She is
constantly re-experiencing the event through images, dreams, thoughts, and flashbacks. She
finds herself avoiding situations that might make her think about the trauma, but she is still
so anxious that she cannot concentrate or sleep. Ramona is likely suffering from
acute stress disorder
Which of the following disorders is a child likely to develop after experiencing a natural or
manmade trauma, such as a terrorist attack?
Separation anxiety disorder
Ron is always concerned about his lucky numbers. Even while looking at dates on a calendar
or selecting a time to do a particular activity, he is always preoccupied with lucky and
unlucky numbers. His symptoms suggest that he might be suffering from a/an
obsessive compulsive disorder
Jason, who has panic disorder, is coming down with the flu. The sensations of nausea he is
encountering are also triggering feelings of uneasiness and dread. The anxiety triggered by
the nausea would be best described as a/an
conditioned fear reaction
Ron, a high-school graduate, has had an intense fear of bats since he was a toddler. After
consulting with a clinician, he was diagnosed with
a specific phobia
Which of the following is the most stressful technique for the behavioral treatment of phobias
since it causes so much immediate anxiety?
in vivo flooding
Which of the following is a common compulsion?
Washing in response to thoughts of contamination
One biological theory of panic disorder proposes that individuals with panic disorder
have an excess of:
One biological theory proposes that panic disorders can be caused by low levels of the
During his initial clinical interview of a new patient complaining of anxiety, Dr. Kanagawa
determines that the patient's anxiety seems to be focused on no particular object or situation,
but carries throughout the patient's life. This may lead Dr. Kanagawa to consider a diagnosis
Generalized anxiety disorder
Nasir occasionally experiences periods of intense overwhelming dread that come about for
no reason. These periods are marked by trembling, heart palpitations, and chills, and the
feeling that he is losing control. Nasir might be diagnosed as having
Shelly experiences intense periods of fear and physical discomfort that interfere with her
daily living. Shelly may be suffering from a/an ________ disorder.
Kaila is so intimidated by the possibility of having a panic attack that she stays home the
majority of the time. If she does go out, she insists that one of her friends accompanies her in
case she has a panic attack. In addition to having panic disorder, Kaila might also be
described as suffering from
Which of the following disorders involves the compulsive, persistent urge to pull out one's
Many people with body dysmorphic disorder also suffer from
social anxiety disorder
Many people who suffer from social anxiety disorder can overcome their symptoms with a
combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and ________ medications.
SSRI and SNRI
Chanina gets nervous when other people watch her eat lunch. She is worried that her behavior will
catch the attention of others and they might make fun of the way she eats. This fear typically forces
her to eat in her office rather than the staff lunchroom. She continually declines invitations to go out
for dinner. Chanina might be diagnosed as having
social anxiety disorder
What types of risk factors make individuals more likely to develop PTSD?
The increase in the frequency of behaviors that results because these actions produce pleasure is
what Lewinsohn calls
response contingent positive reinforcement.
The traditional treatment for bipolar disorder is
Tripp is suffering from bipolar disorder. Dr. Jones, his therapist, encourages Tripp to explore his
feelings about the disorder, and helps him to develop insight about the ways in which the
disorder has altered his life. Identify the approach employed by Dr. Jones.
Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
A person with lower levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor is most likely to be
affected by major depressive disorder
The similarity between behaviorally oriented therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy is that
they involve an active collaboration between the client and the clinician.
In Europe and North America, approximately what percentage of individuals who commit
suicide have a diagnosable psychological disorder?
The difference between persistent depressive disorder and bipolar disorder is that
bipolar disorder involves intense and very disruptive experiences of a euphoric
A 30-year, large-scale analysis demonstrated that ________ was significantly more effective than
cognitive-behavioral therapy and medications,
Which of the following refers to a period of moderately elated mood?
Leon is undergoing treatment for his depression. In the course of his treatment, his therapist
encourages him to take up new ventures and tries to build up his confidence through positive
reinforcement. This therapeutic technique is most likely based on the
According to the _____ model, bipolar mood episodes are likely to spring from medication non-
adherence, stressful life events, and disruptions in social rhythms.
interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
Which of the following is a typical symptom of a hypomanic episode?
Which of the following is true of the interpersonal therapy?
Interpersonal therapy uses a combination of techniques, such as encouraging
self-exploration, providing support, and providing feedback on the client's ineffective social
Allan suffers from mild mood swings that range from dysphoria to hypomania. His mood can
change rapidly and at times his behavior borders on eccentric, but he still holds down a job at the
neighborhood hardware store. Allan is most likely suffering from
The statement "My girlfriend dumped me; all women must hate me" shows that the speaker is
affected by the cognitive distortion referred to by Beck as
The first phase of interpersonal therapy typically involves
assessing the magnitude of the individual's depression using quantitative
Individuals suffering from persistent depressive disorder typically suffer from some of the same
symptoms as people with major depressive disorder. However, those with persistent depressive
disorder do not
experience as many severe depressive symptoms.
A state in which a person feels more cheerful and elated than average is referred to as
Interpersonal therapy assumes that ________ trigger(s) depressive episodes in people who are
genetically vulnerable to the disorder.
disruptions in social rhythms
Jules has been suffering from a form of mood disorder. She experiences insomnia and feels low
on energy at times and then at other times she seems to be very energetic and experiences a state
of ecstasy. Identify the mood disorder affecting Jules.
Title II of HIPAA is intended to regulate the ways in which providers and insurance
companies maintain and transmit medical records, called
protected health information.
Dr. Carrey is a licensed clinical psychologist who also advertises herself as a sports
psychologist. Although she knows a lot about sports and physical fitness, she does not have
any formal training or expertise in sports psychology. Dr. Carrey may be violating
the APA Ethics Code's standard of competence.
As of 2015, the APA voted to amend the Ethics Code to
prohibit psychologists' participation in torture or "enhanced interrogation."
When the clinician may not disclose any information about the client in a court of law
without the client's expressed permission then it is referred to as
The cases of Lorena Bobbitt, Andrea Yates, and the Menendez brothers are associated with
the insanity defense.
Dr. Mathis is a practicing clinical psychologist. He went through a divorce last year and has
been experiencing mood disturbances since then. He is irritable and he finds it difficult to
give full attention to his clients. His personal feelings have begun to influence the way he
responds to his clients. Which of the following roles and responsibilities would be in
question in this case?
Which of the following statements is true with regard to the APA guidelines for
psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients?
Psychologists should strive to understand the special problems and risks that
exist for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth.
Which of the following is a more viable standard of insanity than the Durham Rule?
Dr. Edward Jarvis does not feel that he has the necessary resources to effectively treat
Martin's condition. He gives Martin the name and phone number of another clinician. Dr.
Jarvis provides Martin with
Dr. Harris is a well-known psychologist. In which of the following situations does he act as a
guardian ad litem?
Dr. Harris has been asked to represent a child, whose parents have been
accused of abuse and neglect, in a civil legal proceeding.
The case Tarasoff vs. Regents of the University of California established legal guidelines
duty to warn
_________ has resulted in decreased hospitalization and improved service engagement and
assisted outpatient treatment
Which of the following arguments might be used by defense attorneys to support an insanity
Because Wilson was psychotic, he was not able to differentiate right from
An important feature of the ALI code is
the exclusion from the insanity defense of people whose only maladaptive
behavior is repeated criminal or otherwise antisocial conduct.
Wendy has been involuntarily committed to a psychiatric hospital. When she tries to use the
ward pay phone, the staff members stand nearby and listen to her conversation. Occasionally,
they have actually interrupted her calls and have hung up the phone on her behalf. Which of
Wendy's rights is being violated?
The right to a humane environment
Which of the following information is NOT provided as a part of informed consent?
Which of the following is true of the APA ethics Code?
The APA ethics code offers specific guidelines for psychologists who conduct
The legal requirement that professionals notify appropriate authorities about cases of child
abuse or neglect is known as
In which of the following cases is the M'Naghten Rule is most applicable?
A case in which the defendant makes an insanity defense
Which of the following is a legal prerequisite for being considered a psychologist?
Passing a rigid set of licensing requirements
The death of a family member has the potential to disrupt the course of an individual's life.
Such a major event is referred to as __________ within the scope of psychology.
Individuals with dissociative identity disorder have learned to cope with extremely stressful life circumstances by creating _________ personalities that unconsciously control their thinking and behavior when they are experiencing stress.
Sam Perkins, a retired teacher, feels that he is living in a dream and that the people he meets
in everyday life and the neighborhood where he lives are not real. A clinical psychiatrist will
describe such a condition as
Which somatic symptom disorder involves the translation of unacceptable drives or troubling
conflicts into bodily motor or sensory symptoms?
Ralph has an ulcer in his stomach. More often than not, the stress related to his job as an
executive gets so bad that his ulcer flares up. Which of the following best describes his
Psychological factors affecting a medical condition
Which of the following diagnostic terms applies to the person who suffered a heart attack
(myocardial infarction) owing to a major depressive disorder?
Mental disorder affecting myocardial infarction
A dissociative experience in a person feels as if they have stepped out of their own body is called
Phoebe has just been diagnosed with a terminal illness. The news depresses her sure enough,
but she tries to cope with it by trying hard to improve her feelings about the situation. Her
coping strategy can be best described as
Seemingly out of the blue, one day Rachel loses all memory of her past and even her own
identity. A week later, police find her wandering in a city hundreds of miles from home,
with no sense of how or why she went there. When she is admitted to the hospital, she is
most likely to be diagnosed with
dissociative amnesia with fugue state.
People with illness anxiety disorder
fear that normal bodily reactions represent the symptoms of a serious illness.
Since the past few years, Arthur has been recurrently complaining about several bodily
symptoms, such as difficulty in breathing, chest pain, and nausea. However, medical
examinations have yielded no basis for such claims. Which of the following disorders is
Arthur most likely to be diagnosed with?
Somatic symptom disorder
Richard successfully faked illness in order to be released from military duty. He was engaged in
Which of the following might put a child at risk of becoming a victim of factitious disorder
imposed on another?
Committing the child to the care of someone who induces physical symptoms in
Beth often falls sick, and when she does, she receives a lot of attention from her mother who
dotes over her. Beth's illnesses is most likely to be maintained by
________ raise intriguing questions about the ways in which people's sense of self over time,memory, and sense of reality can become fragmented.
In true cases of dissociative disorder, when the symptoms do not appear feigned, the current
consensus is that these individuals
were subjected to emotional or physical trauma.
A caregiver who feigns or deliberately exaggerates the illness of the person who is placed
under his/her care displays a condition, which is referred to as __________ in psychology.
factitious disorder imposed on another
Clinicians face a daunting task both in diagnosing and treating an individual's dissociative symptoms because
it is difficult to determine whether the condition is real or faked.
Immanuel is having tremendous difficulty controlling his drinking behavior even at a time when he is recovering from a liver transplant surgery. Drinking alcohol at this stage of the recovery process is not only detrimental to his health but can also lead to serious medical complications. Which of the following would best describe Immanuel's condition?
Psychological factors affecting a medical condition
Petra has experienced repeated episodes during which she felt as if she were not real. During an interview with her therapist, she mentioned that she sometimes feels as if she is being controlled by forces outside her. Petra is most likely to be diagnosed with
Cal frequently sets up his telescope in a darkened room on the second floor of his home
to watch the couple across the street make love in their bedroom. If this is the only way
Cal can achieve sexual arousal, it is likely that Cal suffers from __________ disorder.
In order to be considered a paraphilia, the sexual desires and urges experienced by the
must experience intense distress and impairment.
What is the most common approach used by clinicians to treat individuals with gender
Clinicians can let their clients create their own gender identities
The sex determined by a person's chromosomes is called
Marie can achieve sexual arousal only if her lover spanks her hard and uses abusive and
derogatory language about her. This is an example of __________ disorder.
Which paraphilia involves deriving sexual gratification from urges or activities designed
to harm another person?
Sexual sadism disorder
Clark has recently become interested in being spanked before engaging in intercourse. He
can become sexually aroused if he is not spanked but enjoys this as a sort of passing
fancy. How might you describe Clark's condition?
He does not have a sexual disorder.
A paraphilic disorder in which the individual is preoccupied with an object and depends
on this object rather than sexual intimacy with a partner for achieving sexual gratification
is known as ________ disorder.
When do paraphilic disorders typically emerge?
Leone is interested in sexual activity and does become sexually aroused. However,
despite sexual stimulation, she cannot achieve an orgasm. Which of the following sexual
dysfunctions is Leone experiencing?
Female orgasmic disorder
Emilia gets completely aroused by men's ears and can only reach sexual gratification by caressing a man's ears. Emilia's condition is an example of
Which of the following is the key feature of paraphilias?
There must be a dependence on the sexual target for arousal.
George is arrested after being caught on a crowded subway train rubbing himself against
a woman without her consent. George is most likely to be diagnosed with
With a few differences, what was labeled as _________ in DSM-IV is now labeled as
_____________ in DSM-5.
gender identity disorder; gender dysphoria
Who were the pioneering sex researchers who studied the human sexual behavior in a
Masters and Johnson
Which of the following would be the most radical physiological intervention utilized to
treat pedophilic disorder?
Castration, or removal of the testes
Diana is not interested in sexual activity and reports no desire for it, nor does she
fantasize about having sex. Diana might be diagnosed as having
female sexual interest/arousal disorder.
Researchers and advocates within the field of sexual sadism disorder and sexual
masochism disorder are critical of including these disorders in the DSM at all, arguing
instead that they do not share the qualities of the other paraphilias because they involve
Harvey has intense sexual urges and arousing fantasies that involve the exposure of his
genitals to a stranger. Which of the following terms indicates Harvey's condition?
_________ are disorders in which an individual has recurrent, intense sexually arousing
fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving nonhuman objects, children or other
nonconsenting persons, or the suffering or humiliation of self or partner.
Epidemiological reports about Alzheimer's disease that also include neurocognitive
disorders not due to Alzheimer's can help explain
inflated estimates of Alzheimer's disease.
Which of the following is a form of vascular neurocognitive disorder caused by transient
attacks in which blood flow to the brain is interrupted by a clogged or burst artery?
Which of the following is the subcortical structure that controls a person's motor
movements and whose degeneration is primarily related to Parkinson's disease?
Which of the following is true of postconcussion syndrome?
Its symptoms can persist from weeks to years.
Mild neurocognitive disorder is best defined as
a condition in which there is a modest decline in cognitive functioning
from previous levels.
Which of the following is true about delirium?
Vitamin deficiency can cause delirium.
The prevalence of HIV- and AIDS-related dementia among people living with HIV and
AIDS has decreased in recent years due to
the introduction of antiretroviral medications.
Which of the following is primarily affected by Pick's disease?
Huntington's disease is caused by
a genetic abnormality.
Cindy had met with a motor accident two months back in which she suffered from a head
injury. She was unable to recollect any of her personal information, such as her name,
profession, and where she lived. She had no recollection of events that had occurred
before the accident. Which of the following diagnoses would best fit her condition?
Janice is suffering from a cardiovascular disease. She experiences brief attacks during
which blocks in her arteries reduce the supply of blood to her brain. As a result of this,
she has also been exhibiting symptoms of neurocognitive disorder, including a
disturbance in executive functioning Janice is most likely to be suffering from
Gerard had met with an accident in which he had injured his head. Just prior to the
accident, Gerard had an episode of anxiety disorder. Following the accident, he suffered
acute post-traumatic stress for five days. Gerard is most likely to develop
Carmine has worked at a pesticide manufacturing company for years and recently she has
become increasingly forgetful. If her memory loss persists, Carmine is most likely to be
substance-induced persisting amnestic disorder.
__________ is the condition in which the brain is deprived of oxygen leading to dementia.
_________ is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by progressive and gradual cognitive
deficits due to severe cerebral atrophy.
Which of the following is a symptom typically associated with major neurocognitive
In the context of substance-induced persisting amnestic disorder, which of the following
industrial solvents can cause this disorder
Which of the following statements about the treatment of cognitive losses associated with
physical disorders and toxic reactions is true?
If the client receives prompt care, the cognitive losses may be
Which of the following is the disease that involves the neuronal degeneration of the basal
ganglia, the subcortical structures that control motor movements?
Gracia, after having suffered from cognitive deficits for a period of five years dies at the
age of seventy five. When her brain is examined, it is discovered that her cerebral cortex had degenerated. It is likely that this woman suffered from
Recommended textbook explanations
Richard A. Kasschau
C. Nathan DeWall, David G Myers
Katherine Minter, Mary Spilis, William Elmhorst
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