Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
A&P FINAL EXAM
covers chapters 1-14 (excluding chapters 2 & 3)
Terms in this set (143)
study of structure
study of function
which part of the body demonstrates the principle of complementarity of structure and function?
bones can support and protect body organs bc they contain hard mineral deposits
histology is the study of _____
what is NOT correct for the anatomical position?
palms facing inward toward the thighs
what is a good statement that is from the perspective of anatomical study?
the innermost lining of the lungs is composed of thin tissue called simple squamous epithelium
what is a good statement that is from the anatomical perspective?
the contraction of smooth muscle in blood vessels can reduce the flow of blood through the vessel
what body cavity is further separated into other cavities?
homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains _____
a relatively stable internal environment, within limits
what is true about homeostasis imbalance?
its the cause of most diseases
true or false: a coronal section divides an organ into superior and inferior portions
what cut could cross the umbilical, pelvic, and nasal regions?
what is an example of a parasagittal plane?
any sagittal plane except in the midline
what is the section through the body, dividing it into left and right, called?
what is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions called?
you are told to take an axillary temperature on a small child. you will place the thermometer ___
in the armpit
you are asked to take a person's heart rate at the popliteal pulse point. you will look for this pulse _____
on the posterior side of the knee
what is the role of the serous membranes covering some organs?
to prevent friction between the organ and the body cavity wall
give examples of organ(s) in the abdominopelvic region
give examples of organ(s) in the thoracic region
give examples of organ(s) in the cranial region
what organ/ structure would be found in the left iliac region?
in which quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity is the stomach located?
left upper quadrant
the dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following?
the parietal pleura would represent a serous membrane ______
lining the thoracic cavity
in which body cavities are the lungs located?
pleural, ventral, and thoracic
what is NOT apart of the dorsal cavity?
what does the body need in order to survive?
nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen
the body cavities that protect the nervous system are located in the _____ cavity
prevention of water loss is a necessary function for life that would best fit in the category of _____
the thoracic cavity contains the _____. it is found _____ to the vertebral cavity.
heart and lungs; anterior
which tissue type consists of a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity?
which is NOT a manner in which any epithelial tissues or glands are classified?
which is a property of epithelial tissue?
epithelial tissue is innervated
what is the function of transitional epithelia?
what is the difference between exocrine and endocrine glands?
endocrine glands do not use ducts
cell adhesion molecule
attaches to extracellular matrix
found in areas subjected to wear and tear
pull on bones or skin causing body movements
moves food through GI tract
which is a modification of the simple columnar epithelium that allows for efficient absorption along portions of the digestive tract?
which of the following epithelia forms the walls of the air sacs across which gas exchange occurs in the lungs?
glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as _____
______ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane
A many-layered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________.
Which is the most atypical connective tissue since it neither connects structures nor provides structural support?
In connective tissue, the role of elastic fibers is to __________.
allow the tissue to stretch and recoil
Which tissue is correctly paired with its primary immature cell type?
Which of the following connective tissues is richly vascularized and consists of more cells than extracellular matrix?
Injured cartilage might heal more quickly if a treatment were discovered that would __________.
stimulate blood vessels to develop within cartilage
What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?
bone (osseous tissue)
How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic cartilage or fibrocartilage?
fibers are not normally visible
Connective tissue extracellular matrix is composed of ________.
fibers and ground substance
The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.
within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix
Under a microscope you observe a tissue that appears to have long fibers that appear striated. The nuclei are pushed off to the side of the fibers. The tissue looks very vascular. What type of tissue are you observing?
skeletal muscle tissue
which tissue type is formed by many cells joining together, which are multinucleated?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of nervous tissue?
Which of the following is a dry membrane exposed to the air?
which is not found in cartilage but is found in bone?
Which type of connective tissue serves as the universal packing material between other tissues?
areolar connective tissue
A substance received or given off by your body will likely pass through which tissue type?
The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.
Heart muscle cells would tend to separate without ________.
What are the three main components of connective tissue?
ground substance, fibers, and cells
Select the correct statement regarding the stem cells of connective tissue.
"blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells
Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells?
Which tissue type would likely function to hold the kidneys in place?
which tissue type likely functions to add support to an organ
Which tissue in the wall of the uterus is required for labor contractions?
The primary blast cell for bone is the ________.
A ciliated version of pseudostratified columnar epithelium containing mucus-secreting goblet cells ________.
lines most of the respiratory tract
Marie and Joan are the same height, but Marie weighs 25 pounds more than Joan. When they go hiking in cold weather, Joan needs two more layers of clothing than Marie to stay warm. Which of the following explains why?
marie has more subcutaneous fat, which insulates the body's core
Which type of cell or cellular structure is not found in the epidermis?
the layer of the epidermis where the cells are considered protective but nonviable
the layer of the epidermis that is several layers thick and contains pre-keratin
the layer that contains the miotic viable cells of the epidermis
the layer of the epidermis that contains one to five layers of flattened cells and deteriorating organelles
Melanocytes and keratinocytes work together in protecting the skin from UV damage when keratinocytes ________.
accumulate the melanin granules on their superficial portion, forming a UV-blocking pigment layer
Which of the following statements indicates the way in which the body's natural defenses protect the skin from the effects of UV damage?
Prolonged exposure to the sun induces melanin dispersion, which in turn acts as a natural sunscreen.
A dendritic or Langerhans cell is a specialized ________.
William has a cut that is superficial, painful but not bleeding. Based on this information, you would predict that the cut has penetrated to ________.
the stratum basale but not the dermal layers
Which dermal layer is responsible for the dermal properties of skin that are evident as cleavage lines?
the reticular layer
The dermis is a strong, flexible connective tissue layer. Which of the following cell types are likely to be found in the dermis?
fibroblasts, microphages, and mast cells
The friction ridges seen in finger, palm and foot prints are different among various people but very similar between identical twins. This evidence suggests which of the following?
that friction ridges are genetically determined
Respiratory failure can lead to a change in the color of the skin, which is more evident in light-skinned individuals. Which pigmentation factor is affecting this change?
The function of the root hair plexus is to ________.
allow the hair to assist in touch sensation
The arrector pili muscle's predominate, useful function in humans is to ________.
assist in the release sebum from nearby sebaceous glands
Earwax is made by __________.
Which of the following represents a difference between eccrine sweat glands and apocrine sweat glands?
The secretions of apocrine sweat glands contain more fat and protein than do the secretions of eccrine sweat glands.
You are asked to classify an exocrine gland found in the skin based solely on the chemical analysis of its product, which turns out to be a hypotonic fluid consisting of about 99% water with a pH of 5. It contains NaCl, traces of urea and ammonia, and a peptide called dermcidin, but lacks fats and proteins. How would you classify this gland?
Apocrine glands, which begin to function at puberty under hormonal influence, seem to play little role in thermoregulation. Where would we find these glands in the human body?
in the axillary and anogenital area
The surge of sex hormones that accompanies puberty has a wide range of effects on the body. One of those effects is to enhance the activity of the sebaceous glands, increasing the production of sebum. Which of the following is the most likely to result from the increased sebaceous activity?
increased oily appearance and more acne
If a person were born without eccrine glands, what skin function would he or she have a hard time completing?
The skin is not a __________ barrier.
Which of the following does NOT protect the skin from bacteria?
the temp of skin
The reason the hypodermis acts as a shock absorber is that ________.
the major part of its makeup is adipose, which serves as an effective shock absorber
Which type of skin cancer is the most dangerous because it is highly metastatic and resistant to chemotherapy?
The epidermis consists of five layers of cells, each layer with a distinct role to play in the health, well-being, and functioning of the skin. Which of the following layers is responsible for cell division and replacement?
The dermis has two major layers. Which layer constitutes 80% of the dermis and is responsible for the tension lines in the skin?
the reticular layer
The papillary layer of the dermis is composed of loosely packed connective tissue with numerous peg-like projections that provide a great deal of surface area connecting the dermis to the epidermis. Which of the statements below do NOT represent benefits provided by the papillary layer's anatomy?
The looseness allows for easy separation of the dead cell layer of epidermis to be shed.
A needle would pierce the epidermal layers of the forearm in which order?
corneum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
What are the most important factors influencing hair growth?
nutrition and hormones
Sudoriferous (sweat) glands are categorized as two distinct types. Which of the following are the two types of sweat glands?
eccrine and apocrine
The composition of the secretions of the eccrine glands is ________.
99% water, sodium chloride, trace amounts of wastes, and vitamin C
In addition to protection (physical and chemical barrier), the skin serves other functions. Which of the following is another vital function of the skin?
It converts modified epidermal cholesterol to a vitamin D precursor important to calcium metabolism.
Burns are devastating and debilitating because of loss of fluids and electrolytes from the body. How do physicians estimate the extent of burn damage associated with such dangerous fluid loss?
by using the rule of nines
Which layer of tissue is damaged in a first-degree burn?
Which layer of the epidermis will be supplied with the highest levels of oxygen from the blood?
The single most important risk for skin cancer is ________.
overexposure to UV radiation
A splinter penetrated into the skin of the sole of the foot, almost to the papillary region of the dermis. Which layer of the epidermis would be the final layer injured?
Which of the following is a skin sensory receptor for touch?
which bones are a part of the axial skeleton?
bones of the face
which bones or pair of bones forms the most superior portion of the cranium?
the parietal bones
the ______ is the only bone in the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone
which of the following bones does NOT fit with the other listed bones?
which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the parietal bones?
they form the base of the skull
which of the following bones is NOT part of the orbit?
the temporal bone
which of the following is NOT a facial bone?
the sphenoid bone
most facial bones articulate with the ______
the vomer and the ethmoid bones form part of the ______
the bones in the skull have many different names but what are the boundaries of each bone? where do they start and stop?
bones of the skull are separated by immobile joints called sutures
which of the following can be considered a function of the paranasal sinuses?
sinuses take away a minimal amount of strength from bones while reducing the weight of bones
which of the bones of the skull would you also refer to as a cheekbone?
the zygomatic bone
which of the following would be most associated with housing the special sense organs?
the temporal bone
which of the following would be most associated with process of warming, humidyifing, and filtering the air we inhale?
the nasal cavity
which is the best description for the function of the cranial bones?
protect the brain
the sphenoid bone is sometimes referred to as a "key stone" of the skull. This is due to the fact that _______
the sphenoid is in the center of the skull and it articulates with all of the other bones of the skull
the axial skeleton includes ______
the skull, vertebral column, and pelvis
the suture that is found where a parietal and temporal bone meet on the lateral aspect of the skull is _____
what is the major function of the axial skeleton?
provide central support for the body and protect internal organs
which bone forms the anterior cranium?
the superior nasal concha is a part of which bone?
which bone is NOT considered to be part of the cranium?
what is the suture between the 2 parietal bones?
which of the following bones is unpaired?
which cranial bone spans the width of the cranial floor?
which of the following bones do not contain a sinus?
what bone forms part of the nasal septum?
what is the anatomical name for the known as "cheekbones"?
which facial bones fuse to from the upper jaw?
which facial bones form the roof of the mouth?
maxillary bones and palatine bones
Recommended textbook explanations
Essential Cell Biology
Bruce Alberts, Dennis Bray, Karen Hopkin
Essentials of Genetics Plus MasteringGenetics with eText -- Access Card Package
Charlotte A. Spencer, Michael A. Palladino, Michael R. Cummings, William S. Klug
Microbiology: An Introduction, Books a la Carte Edition
Berdell R. Funke, Gerard J. Tortora
Alton Biggs, Hagins, Holliday
Sets with similar terms
A&P Chapter 5
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Chapter 5 Multiple Choice
Other sets by this creator
earth science unit 1 study guide
Chapter 10 Vocab.
World Civ. Chapter 4
World History Chapter 1
Other Quizlet sets
Cold War Economics (Sec IV)
Ch10: Conceptual Questions
Finance Chapter 1