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Math Vocabulary
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Gravity
Terms in this set (59)
Perimeter
The distance around a polygon or other shape
Length
longest dimension of an object
Width
Measurement of an object from side to side
Side
(1) One of the rays or segments that make up an angle. (2) One of the line segments of a polygon. (3) One of the faces of a solid figure.
Ruler
A tool used to measure different things
Yardstick
A measuring stick that is one yard in length
Meter Stick
A measuring stick that is one meter long
Tape Measure
measuring instrument consisting of a narrow strip (cloth or metal) marked in inches or centimeters and used for measuring lengths
Thermometer
measures temperature
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is
Degrees
(1) A unit of measure for angles. (2) A unit of measure for temperatures
Increase
To become greater in degrees, size or amount
Decrease
To become less in degrees, size or amount
Pictograph
A graph that uses pictures or symbols to show numbers
Tally Chart
A chart that uses marks, called tally marks, to show how many times each value appears in a set of data
Bar graph
A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to represent data.
Digit
The symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 that are used to write any number in our number system.
Point
An exact location in space
Equal
Collections or groups of things that all contain the same number of things
Fewer
A word meaning smaller than or less than
More
A greater amount
Less
A smaller amount
Estimate
An answer that should be close to an exact answer
Round
To adjust a number to make it easier to work with.
Least
Smallest in size, degree or amount
Greatest
Larger in size, degree or amount than others of the same kind
Compare
To look and see what is the same or different
Order
What comes before and after
Add
To put numbers together or combine them
Subtract
To take away
Sum
The whole amount, quantity or number
Result
a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
Multiply
To increase in number or amount
Divide
To break into parts
Product
The result of multiplying two numbers, called factors
Fraction
A number in the form a/b, where a and b are whole numbers and b is not a 0.
Number Sentence
Similar to an English sentence, except that it uses math symbols instead of words. Must contain at least 2 numbers and 1 relation symbol (+, -, X or /)
Equation
A number sentence that contains an equal sign
Side
(1) One of the rays or segments that form an angle. (2) One of the line segments of a polygon. (3) One of the faces of a solid figure
Angle
A figure that is formed by two rays or two line segments that have the same endpoint.
Vertex
A point where the sides of an angle, the sides of a polygon, or the edges of a solid meet; any corner of a solid
Line Plot
A sketch of data that uses Xs, checks or other marks above a number line to show how many times each value appears in the set of data
Table
a set of data arranged in rows and columns
Data
Information that is collected by counting, measuring, asking questions, or observing
Label
a brief description in order to identify
Plot
A point on a graph
Value
The quantity or amount for which a symbol stands
Input
The number or value that is entered
Output
The number or value that comes out
Tool
Equipment used to accomplish a task
Greater
Bigger in size or amount
Nearest
Closest to a point
Closest
The shortest distance from a point
Key
Used to help identify objects on a map or graph
Title
The heading on a graph
Difference
The amount left over after subtraction
Figure
The symbol for a number
Locate
To show the position of
Rule
The method used in solving a problem
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