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Arts and Humanities
Variables Related to Articulation and Phonological Development
Terms in this set (17)
-Muscular weakness, deficient neural control of involved muscles, and growth deficiencies in oral and facial structures may cause difficulties.
-There is a variation in the degree that should be taken into account not just the presence or absence of abnormality.
What are some examples of anatomic structures?
1)What is dysarthria?
2) What doe it affect in relation to speech?
3) Where do the phonological errors?
1) Speech disorders due to central nervous system (CNS) or peripheral nervous system damage (PNS).
2) Speech, respiratory, voice, resonance, prosodic difficulties.
3) Stops, Affricates, Palatals, Final Sounds
1) What is Cerebral Palsy?
1) Non-progressive neuromotor disorder an event that causes cerebral palsy and typically doesn't change or get worse over time
1) What is apraxia of speech?
2) What are the common errors?
1) neurological changes/damage (ex. stroke, TBI) result in difficulty in motor planning.
2) articulatory substitutions, distortions, omissions
Do children with articulation disorders appear less skilled in general?
What are common phonological errors for individuals with hearing problems?
*voiced for voiceless
*nasals for oral sounds
*vowels and dipthongs
-Produce weak or omit final consonants
-Aspiration after final consonants
-Shorten 1st or second vowel in dipthong
-Epenthesis (with vowels)
-Speak at slower rate
What are some common errors with children with middle ear infections?
-omit initial consonants or replace with /h/
Do errors with children with middle ear infections resolve?
-errors resolve in most of these children by age 4
-but in 1/4 of these children articulation errors persist after age 4
Does auditory discrimination difficulties cause articulation difficulties?
-does not appear to cause it
-research is inconclusive
-some children with articulation disorders did not have difficulty with auditory discrimination between speech sounds
-other children did have diff. discriminating other's and their own errors.
Kinestetic sensation allows us to what?
become aware of muscle movement and position.
What is oral form recognition?
person had to determine what shape/object the tongue is touching
two-point sensory discrimination is what?
tell if different spot or if it is the same spot
Is there evidence to prove that children with typical speech and adults require awareness of oral muscle movement/position for speech sounds?
oral sensation is not related with speech sound disorders.
Do sensory variables impact speech productions? If so in what circumstances and if not why not?
-middle ear infections
-age of intervention
-type, severity, configuration of hearing loss
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