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Arts and Humanities
S.S CH. 11- SECTION 1
Terms in this set (27)
Persia conquered the Greek city states of ____________ .
For revenge, _______________ soldiers burned down Persia cities.
_________, was the Persian King. He wanted to conquer Greece.
The Persian soldiers sailed for Greece, and landed in __________
Even though the Athenians were outnumbered two to one, and did not have any archers or ____________, they still won.
The Battle of Marathon was a surprise attack and was won by the __________, and this ended the 1st Persian War.
Darius' son,___________ , began the Second Persian war.
Persia controlled Egypt, so they used their army, and also used __________ ships
The Spartans stopped the Persians at a narrow mountain pass called _______________
What did the Athens leader (Themistocles) do to trick the Persians?
He pretended to leave Athens, but hid, and then attacked the Persian ships
The Persian's lost more than 200 ships in the Battle of _________
After defeating Persians at Salamis, Athenians enjoyed a ________________
Athenian leader, Pericles, began rebuilding Athens which became famous for its _________ and ____________
art and learning
Which city-states were rival powers?
Athens and Sparta
member of an alliance are called _______________
Athens and its allies met together on the island of Delos, so their alliance was called _____________
What was built using the Delian League's funds?
the "Parthenon" which was- the great temple of Athena
Who were the members of the Peloponnesian League ?
How long did the conflict between the Greek alliances last?
The ____________ War began when an army led by Sparta, marched into Athen's territory.
What did Pericles, the leader of Athens, instructed the farmers to do?
move inside the city for safety
By making Athens move inside the city, what did the Spartan's hope would happen?
To force enemy to surrender by cutting off its food other supplies.
What did Athens do to prepare for this siege?
They built two long walls to line the four mile road that connected Athenians to its port city
How long were the Athenians able to hold out inside the city?
more than one year
What happened to Pericles and other members of the Athens city-state?
they died from a plague.
What were the peace terms between Sparta and Athens?
Athens had to take down their LONG WALLS and give up their democracy government
List 4 ways that the Peloponnesian War hurt all Greek city-states.
Thousands of Greeks were slaughtered
Cities were destroyed
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