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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Middle Ages flashcards
Terms in this set (22)
A social and economic system that is based on the exchange of land for service
The years between ancient and modern times; from about A.D. 500 until 1500
Time period in Europe following the fall of Rome; life was chaotic; no central government; little economic activity; little educational and cultural achievement
Another name for the middle ages
Peasants on a manor; they were bound to the land; they were not slaves who could be bought and sold—still they were not free
In the middle ages, a noble who owned and controlled all activities on his manor
A person of high rank by birth or title
In the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief (land) by his lord in exchange for loyalty
An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty
In the Middle Ages, a large self-sufficient estate (land and buildings) granted to a lord and worked by serfs
The ceremony in which the vassal agrees to fulfill obligations, and pay homage, to a lord and receives land in return
A series of wars fought between Christians and Muslims over the Holy Land (Jerusalem)
Pope Urban II
The pope who called for the Crusades. He said "God willed it" which encouraged many to go to the Middle East to rid the Holy Land of Muslims
Effects of Crusades
They had many affects on Europe: new ideas were introduced, new items were introduced, trade with the Middle East increased; feudal system became weak and eventually broke down.
King John I
Was the King of England who was forced to sign the Magna Carta because of his cruel behavior and abuse of his absolute power. His power was limited by the Magna Carta.
The document King John was forced to sign in 1215. He did not want to sign it because it would limit his power as the king. Although he signed it, he did not follow the limitations and had the Pope declare the contract null and void.
A plague that spread through Europe in the 14th century. It was spread when fleas bit infected rats and then bit humans. The disease spread quickly and killed about 1/3 of the population
These places were dirty and unsanitary. They were also dangerous. There were few of them after the fall of the Roman Empire and more were established after the Crusades because of trade.
a young boy who lived with a master craftsman to learn a trade. In exchange for his labor, he was provided food, lodging and training.
Was the center of daily life in the Middle Ages. They were involved in religious and political issues of the time.
ended with the fall of the Roman Empire.
Able to provide their own needs---(manors were this because they could produce all they needed without trading)
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