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Arts and Humanities
History of Philosophy
chapter 2. the nature of human person
Terms in this set (39)
defines the woman person as having physical, , emotional and intellectual attributes.
self conscious animal
dictionaries define the human person as a ____
st. thomas aquinas
describe the human person as having physical and spiritual substance because he/she has a soul and is created by a superior being with a divine purpose.
his book, "the human person: not real, but existing" discusses the several characteristic of a human person
1. a human person is a rational being
2. a human person is born free
3. a human person is unique
4. every person is intrinsically a social being and cannot detach himself/herself from other creatures in the universe
5. all living things are sexual by nature but the uniqueness of expression of a person's sexuality makes him/her different
several characteristics of a human person by bobor 2007
god created man and woman in his own image and likeness and made the masters of the fish of the sea, the birds, the heaven, the earth, the wild beasts, all the reptiles that crawl upon the earth.
he/she(human person) is designated by god to exercise dominion over other creatures in his/her everyday use of freedom, search for happiness and openness to the world around him/her
in philosophically views, according to him, a human person is the measure of all things that exist and off all things that do not exist
claimed that the perfect human being does not exist in this world because what is in this world is just an imperfect copy of humanity's original self in the realm of ideas.
according to him, posited that a person has knowledge of something that exists for a person who does not exist is nothing
philosophy of the human being
Maguigad(2006) in his book, explains the different philosophical views of the person.
conservatism, liberalism, socialism, fascism
different philosophical views of the person:
is not entirely positive and definitely non-egalitarian. some men contribute more than others to society, and therefore, must be rewarded and honored by society.
has a more egalitarian view of human nature. it believes that all men are capable of reason and rational action and have the capacity to live satisfactory and productive lives if given the opportunity.
the human being readily engages in cooperative social activities when given the opportunity.
believes that man is driven primarily by desire for economic gains. in his Das kapital, he considers the human person as a social animal.
early classical greeks
define the human person as a rational animal. an animal's vegetative sensory and rational element is integrated within his/her ; thus he/she is a material (body) and spiritual (soul) being.
as a ___ ______, the human person needs to have food to grow develop and reproduce.
as a ____ ___, he/she need sensory perceptions to gain knowledge.
as a _____ ______, he/she needs the power of thought , reason and cognition.
in sociological views, states that people look at this social world or at the various ways that Human beings behave in a social way.
san juan 2007
proposes some common ideas about the human person.
1. human persons are social animals
2. the human person's social behavior is learned, not instinctive
3. to understand the human person's social behavior, we have to focus our attention on the groups to which people
4. sociology is a discipline that looks into the totality of relationship in an individual's life
san juan 2007, proposes some common ideas about the human person. these are the following:
self actualization, esteem needs, belongingness and love needs, safety needs, physiological needs
maslow's hierarchy of needs:
achieving one's full potential, including creative activities.
prestige and feeling of accomplishment.
belongingness and love needs
intimate relationship, friends
food, water, warmth, rest
esteem needs, belongingness and love needs
safety needs and physiological needs.
presented the levels of hierarchy of needs in his theory of personality
include the biological and basic needs such as water and clothing. these needs are immensely because they are essential for survival.
includes security and protection from physical and emotional harm.
include affection, sense of belonging, and friendship. which people seek to overcome feelings of loneliness and alienation.
self esteem needs
include achievement, mastery and confidence derived from recognition, respect, and attention.
self actualization needs
means of person has reached the peak of his/her potential.
ac according to his person centered therapy theory, every person has within him/her an inherent desire for a positive transformation and the development of his/her capacities. he/she possesses an innate goodness no matter how imprudent his/her actions are.
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