responds to enviromental changes by transmitting electrical impulses
provides support and levers for muscles to work on
protects underlying organs from mechanical damage and synthesizes vitaimin D
contraols the body with chemical molecules called hormones
delivers oxygen and nutrients to the tissues
produces antibodies that neutralize foreign substances
removes and filters excess fluid from tissues
blood glucose levels
delivering a baby
arteries, veins, heart
trachea, bronchi, alveoli
adrenal glands, pancreas, pituitary
esophagus, large intestine, rectum
kidneys, bladder, ureters
toward the head end or upper part of structure
away from the head or toward a lower part of body
toward the front of the body
toward the back of the body
toward or the midline of the body
away from the midline of the body
between a more medial and a more lateral structure
closter to the origin of the body part
farther away from the origin of the body part
toward or at the body's surface
away from the surface
the bridge of the nose is _______ to the left eye
the upper arm is ________ to the forearm
the heart is ______ to the stomach
the fingers are_______ to the wrist
the stomach is ______ to the spine
point of shoulder
front of elbow
fingers and toes
front of knee
side of leg
back of head
back of elbow
between anus and genitals
back of knee
sole of foot
right upper quandrant
liver, gallbladder, right kidney, pancreas, some intestines
stomach, spleen, left kidney, pancreas some intestines
appendix, right utreter, right ovary and fallopian tube
colon, left ureter, left ovary and fallopian tube
Liver & gallbladder
right iliac region
Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus.
Imaging is useful in discovering structed blood supplies in organs and tissues
The anatomical position means the body is standing at attention with the palms facing forward and the thumbs pointing away from the body.
The elbow is proximal to the shoulder
The serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity wall is called visceral peritoneum
A major function of serous membranes is to decrease friction.
The right hypochondriac region contains the majority of the stomach.
Lungs carry out an excretory function
Embryology concerns the structural changes that occur in an individual from conception through old age
A tissue consists of groups of similar cells that have a common function.
It is important for any organism to maintain its boundaries, so that its internal environment remains distinct from the external environment surrounding it
Without some sort of negative feedback mechanism, it would be impossible to keep our body chemistry in balance.
Regardless of the variable being regulated, all homeostatic control mechanisms have at least three interdependent components.
The epigastric region is located superior to the umbilical region
Histology would be best defined as a study of ________.
The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy.
An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be best described as an example of ________.
excretion of metabolic waste
Average body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade
If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis, then the wall thermostat would be the ________.
What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback
to maintain homeostasis
What is the specific name for the hip region
An oblique cut is one that is cut ________.
diagonally between the vertical and horizontal
The heart lies in the ________ cavity
The cavities housing the eyes are called __________ cavities
A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be a(n) ________.
________ cavities are spaces within joints
Which of the following would not be a functional characteristic of life?
Which term means toward or at the back of the body, behind?
The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60% to 80% of body weight, is ________
What is the posterior side of the patella called
Which of the following statements is true concerning feedback mechanisms
Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body
The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except ________.
palms turned posteriorly
A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________
enhancement of labor contractions
Which of the following describes a parasagittal plane
any sagittal plane except the median
Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region?
The parietal pleural would represent a serous membrane ________.
lining the thoracic cavity
Which one of the following systems responds to environmental stimuli
Choose the anatomical topic and definition that is not correctly matched.
Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region
Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ________.
a relatively stable internal environment, within limits
In which cavities are the lungs located
pleural, ventral, and thoracic
Choose the following statement that is not completely correct regarding serous membranes
Visceral pericardium covers the surface of the heart, and parietal pericardium lines the walls of the heart. (it is the other way around)
Place the following in correct sequence from simplest to most complex: 1. molecules 2. atoms 3. tissues 4. cells 5. organ
2,4,1,3,5- atoms, cells, molecules, tissues, organ
Which of the following imaging devices would best localize a tumor in a person's brain
Which of these is not part of the dorsal cavity
In which abdominopelvic cavity is the stomach located
Which of the following statements is the most correct regarding homeostatic imbalance
It is considered the cause of most diseases
Subdivisions of anatomy include which of the following?
gross, regional, systemic, and surface
The term pollex refers to the ________.
The dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following
Select the most correct statement
The immune system is closely associated with the lymphatic system
One of the functional characteristics of life is irritability. This refers to ________.
sensing changes in the environment and then reacting or responding to them
Which of the following are survival needs of the body
nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen
The anatomical position is used ________.
as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body
What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into left and right, called
What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions called?
Which body cavity protects the nervous system
Which of the following describes the operation of the heart and blood vessels
Similar cells that have a common function are called
What does the "principle of complementarity of structures and function" mean?
What a structure can do depends on its specific form, or "structure determines function."
The term that describes the back of the elbow is ________.
The term that describes the heel region is ________.
The elbow is ________ to the wrist
The ________ cavity contains tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ear.
________ is explained by chemical and physical principles and is concerned with the function of specific organs or organic systems
What is a dynamic equilibrium of your internal environment termed
Which cavity contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum?
What is the serous membrane that covers the intestines called
________ physiology concerns urine production and kidney function
What broad term covers all chemical reactions that occur within the body cells?
What is the function of the serous membranes
They act to reduce friction and allow the organs to slide across cavity walls
Fully describe the anatomical position for the human body
The body is erect, arms hanging at the sides, palms forward, and thumbs pointed away from the midline
What does gross anatomy study?
Larger structures of the body that can be seen with the naked eye
Can lungs carry out excretory functions? Explain your answer
Yes, carbon dioxide is a metabolic waste the lungs excrete.
The higher we go in the mountains, the greater the atmospheric pressure, which causes a loss of oxygen. Comment on this statement
The statement is backwardsthe higher we go, the less atmospheric pressure, therefore less oxygen
Why is anatomical terminology necessary
Anatomical terms are precise words that have limited usage, which prevents confusion when describing the location of body parts
The five cavities of the head are cranial, oral, nasal, middle ear, and ________.
The ability to sense changes in the environment and respond to them is called ________.
responsiveness or irritability
What is the single most abundant chemical substance in the body
Why must a normal body temperature be maintained in order for chemical reactions to be continued at life-sustaining rates?
If body temperature is too low, chemical reactions slow and eventually stop. If body temperature is too high, chemical reactions speed up and body proteins lose their normal shape, resulting in loss of function
What is the pathway between the receptor and the control center in the reflex pathway called?
What type of homeostatic feedback reflex is the withdrawal reflex
Which feedback mechanism causes the variable to deviate further and further from its original value or range?
Which body system would be most affected by a lower than normal atmospheric pressure
brain and pituitary gland
one lung in each
thymus gland, trachea, espohagus, bronchi, ends of the vencavae, beginning of the aorta
stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, most of the small and large intestines, kidneys
urinary bladder, sex organs, part of the large intestine, including the cecum, appendix, rectum
skin, hair, nails, duct glands
bones, joints, cartilage, connective tissue
skeletal, smooth, cardiac muscles
brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
mouth, pharynx,, esophugus, stomach, intestines, gallbladder and pancreas