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Chapter 10 Quiz Study Guide
Terms in this set (23)
What is the river that the Chinese Civilization arose from?
What was China's first (legitimately recorded) dynasty? What was the earlier dynasty that is not seen as legitimate?
What would the Chinese use to ask for advice from gods? (Hint: think back to Greece with the oracles)
How did the Shang dynasty fall?
Wu Wang (Zhou) rebelled and overthrew the Shang Dynasty
What was the Mandate of Heaven and what did it mean?
Right to rule, granted by god.
What was the Period of Warring States and why did it begin?
A 200 year period; a Chinese states for control (Zhou fell)
What were women allowed/ not allowed to do in Ancient China?
Yes: Similar to other women; managed finances. No: Receive education, get jobs, importance.
Were merchants able to become more wealthy than an average Chinese Aristocrat? Were they respected because of this? Why or why not?
Yes; no; because no power/influence; possibly greedy
What is "Dao" in Daoism?
"The way"; Spiritual force in all things
What were some of Confucius' beliefs in Confucianism?
Duty; respectful toward elders; tradition; hardworking
Out of the three philosophies we mentioned, which one was supported by aristocrats,
Legalism; encouraged force (laws)
What did all three Philosophies (Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism) have in common?
Peace & order come back to China
Roughly how much of Ancient China's population was made up of farmers?
9/10 = 90%
Explain how Confucianism, Daoism and Legalism were different from each other. (Hint: who was the founder; core beliefs)
Confucianism: Duty, respect; Daoism: Flow, balance; Legalism: Law, harsh laws
What were some of Qin Shihuangdi's accomplishments?
1st emperor; Great WALL of China; unite China; new currency
What happened to China during the rule of the Han dynasty?
Golden Age; Silk Road; Increased population; expanded territory
What was the purpose of having a civil service examination?
Opened up jobs to ALL classes
Why and how does the Qin dynasty fall?
What were some of the inventions made during the Han dynasty?
Cast-iron plow; water wheel; wheelbarrow; paper; silk; rudder; ACUPUNCTURE
How was the Silk Road discovered?
General goes exploring for 13 years and comes back and says let's move west
What were some of the products traded through the Silk Road?
Silk, teas, salt, sugar, porcelain, and spices
What were some of the difficulties/ dangers traders/ merchants had to face while
traveling along the Silk Road?
First, the geography of the route was sometimes difficult. Animals could slip off cliffs, and mountain passages were very narrow and dangerous to pass through. Then, the Chinese who traveled also faced sandstorms in their travels.
How long was the Silk Road? (From where to where did it extend to?)
4,000 miles. From China to Rome.
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