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THEO 102 Final
Terms in this set (25)
The only reason that Martin Luther was not executed for his beliefs was that he was 'kidnapped' by friends and protected by a rich supporter who hid him in his castle.
At the Diet of Worms in 1521, Martin Luther was asked to do which of the following:
Publicly confess the 'errors' included in his various published writings on Christianity and the Church.
The term 'magisterial reformer' refers to individuals whose reforms were supported by local government.
When Luther was a monk he thought of God as a severe task master, not a loving Father.
Which of the following is true of Martin Luther?
a. He was training to be a lawyer.
b. He was an Augustinian monk.
c. He promoted the theological positions of sola scriptura, sola fide, and sola gratia.
d. All of the above are true.
all of the above are true
The Protestant reformers introduced many theological and practical changes to Christian life. Which of the following is not one of those reforms?
The belief that only the clergy could be filled with the Holy Spirit.
Which of the following is true of the Anabaptists in the 16th century?
They regarded any state regulation of the church as spiritual corruption of the church.
While there was much immorality and corruption among the Roman Catholic popes prior to the Protestant Reformation, Pope Alexander VI stood out as a strong spiritual leader who was committed to humility, charity, and servant leadership.
The Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli and the German reformer Martin Luther agreed that Scripture was the ultimate authority, but disagreed on whether or not Scripture was the only authority.
Which of the following beliefs did the Protestant reformers share?
a. The Bible is the ultimate authority.
b. There is a priesthood of all believers; as opposed to one single 'priest,' the pope.
c. All people are made righteous before God through faith alone.
d. All of the above are true.
All of the above are true.
_________________ was a former soldier who co-founded the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits.
Ignatius of Loyola
The Council of Trent was a series of meetings in which the Roman Catholic leadership addressed, among other topics, the theological points brought up by the Protestant reformers.
The Mendicant orders valued __________________.
preaching repentance and poverty.
________________ was the first Jesuit missionary to Japan. In his desire to share the gospel of Christ to the higher levels of society in Japan, he controversially put aside the simple garb of his order to wear the lavish clothing of a Japanese nobleman.
From the establishment of the Society of Jesus in the 16th century, the order was committed to missional endeavors both locally and abroad, which eventually resulted in winning some Protestant lands back to Rome and evangelistic expeditions to nations such as Malaysia, India, Japan, and China.
John and Charles Wesley taught that Christians should strive to reach a place of 'Christian perfection.'
Which of the following was not true of Philipp Spener?
a.He was a Lutheran pastor.
b.He believed in the priesthood of all believers.
c.He wrote Pia Desideria.
d.He left the Lutheran church to establish a new denomination.
e.All of the above are true.
He left the Lutheran church to establish a new denomination.
August Francke was a professor at which university:
Centuries after Jan Huss's death, Huss' followers, 'the Moravians,' established the Christian community of Herrnhut.
In 1727 after a week of prayer and fasting this community experienced a great outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
In 1795, this German author wrote Prolegomena ad Homerum, in which the author suggests that Homer didn't actually write the epic Greek poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Friedrich August Wolf
On November 10, 1793, the Cathedral of Notre Dame was renamed _____________.
The Temple of Reason
During the 19th century, the British fight against slavery was led by the activist ______________.
Thomas Jefferson created a version of the Bible, called the "Jefferson Bible," in which he cut out the Old Testament and portions of the New Testament, including all the miracles of Jesus.
The publication of Sir Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica (1687) eventually led other scholars to assert that all of nature could be explained by reference to itself and without reference to God or the teachings of the Church.
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