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24 terms

Psychotic Disorders

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psychosis
a term that refers to the presence of one or more hallucinations or delusions
hallucination
a sensory experience that occurs in the absence of external stimuli
delusions
irrational, obviously untrue, and culturally unusual beliefs
delusions of grandeur
the belief that one is more important or special than one is
delusions of control
the belief that ones thought and actions are not under ones control
delusions of persecution
Beliefs that others are "out to get you"
idea of reference
The belief that events, words, gestures, or other clearly unrelated things have special significance
avolition
the loss of ability to successfully engage in everyday activities
alogia
the loss of normal speech
anhedonia
the loss of the ability to feel pleasure
flat affect
when someone seems strangely robotic and unemotional whereas others would have an emotional reaction due to a lack of ability to communicate feelings
Tangentiality
inability to directly answer a question
word salad
when words are tossed together with absolutely no connections. For instance: "The bright bank loved angry yellow-marbled frightened cake at night."
Clang associations
when words that are put together rhyme and make no sense
neologisms
made up words that have no meaning to anyone but the schizophrenic individual
schizophrenia
when someone has at least two positive, negative, or disorganized symptoms that last a month or longer
residual type
People typically have periods of acute psychosis, followed by periods in which they experience residual symptoms but do not meet the full criteria for schizophrenia
dissociative identity disorder
multiple personality disorder
paranoid schizophrenia
schizophrenia characterized by the presence of hallucinations and delusions that fit together to form some sort of loose story-most common
disorganized schizophrenia
schizophrenia characterized by the presence of disorganized symptoms and generally has a low rate of remission. This subtype is associated with poor hygiene and inappropriate expressions of emotion- most severe
catatonic schizophrenia
schizophrenia set apart by the presence of odd physical manifestations like strange body posture and facial expressions. Dramatic increases or decreases in motor activity are common with this subtype.
waxy flexibility
a unique state in which the person is poseable, like a doll
schizophrenogenic mother
women who supposedly were such failures at parenting that they caused their children to develop psychosis
extrapyramidal symptoms
cause odd and uncontrollable motor tics. People with these symptoms may behave as though they are in "slow motion" and may be unable to express emotions