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APUSH Chapter 40/41 Test
Terms in this set (52)
What were the first results of Regan's supply-side economics in 1982?
a sharp recession and rise in unemployment
What was the highly unusual economic issue Al Gore and George W. Bush had to address in the election of 2000?
how to spend budget surpluses
What did Reagan's supply side economic advisors assure him the combination of budgetary discipline and tax reduction would do?
produce a recession-proof economy
What was Proposition 13 and in which state was it passed?
the tax revolt led by the new right had its first public beginnings in 1978, when Howard Jarvis, a conservative activist in California, launched the first successful major citizens' tax revolt in California with this proposition, a referendum question on the state ballot rolling back property rates
- Increased taxes led Cali. to pass Proposition 13, which cut property taxes
What political strategy did Bill Clinton use during the 1992 national election to separate himself from other Democrats?
-The Democrats tried a new approach, promoting growth, strong defense, and anticrime policies while campaigning to stimulate the economy.
What was Bill Clinton's primary political advantage throughout his two terms?
tremendously prosperous economy
What claim did George W. Bush make during the election of 2004 that helped him win against John Kerry?
he was a strong leader in the war on terrorism and Kerry would be weak
What was one of the greatest domestic consequences of Reagan's expansion of the federal debt?
to make new social spending practically and politically impossible.
Who was the first woman to receive the vice-presidential nomination from a major political party?
In contrast to the Old Right, many New Right activists of the 1980s were most concerned about
cultural and social issues
What political mistake did Republicans make after gaining control of both houses in Congress in the 1994 mid-term elections?
overreached with conservative policies that bred a backlash favoring President Clinton
What were Ronald Reagan's essential domestic goals as president?
dismantle the welfare state and shrink the size of the federal government
What were two of President Bill Clinton's early political blunders?
gays in the military and health care.
What is the new cabinet-level agency charged with protecting America against foreign terrorist attacks?
Department of Homeland Security.
What were the two articles of impeachment passed by the House of Representatives against President Clinton?
perjury and obstruction of justice
What promise did George W. Bush make when running for presidency in the 2000 election?
bring reconciliation after the sharp partisan divisions of the Clinton years.
Over which piece of legislation did President Bill Clinton arouse the hostility of liberals in his own party?
welfare reform bill
What did the USA Patriot Act provide for?
law passed due to 9/11 attacks; sought to prevent further terrorist attacks by allowing greater government access to electronic communications and other information; criticized by some as violating civil liberties
What group did President Bill Clinton make of point of drawling from when appointing his cabinet?
appealing to women.
What group spearheaded the "New Right" that helped elect Ronald Reagan
In what way were Roland Reagan and Franklin D. Roosevelt similar?
championed the "common man" against vast, impersonal menaces
Why was First Lady Hillary Clinton heavily criticized at the beginning of the Clinton administration?
developing an excessively complex health care plan that was quickly dropped by Congress.
How was the razor-thin 2000 presidential election finally settled?
the Supreme Court's ruling ending a recount of Florida's votes.
Who were the Branch Davidians?
a blast destroyed a federal office building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma in 1995 taking 168 lives presumably in retribution for a 1993 standoff in Waco, Texas between federal agents and a fundamentalist sect known as the Branch Davidians. That showdown ended in the destruction of the sect's compound and the deaths of many Branch Davidians, including women and children
-a religious cult led by David Koresh. He and his followers lived at a compound outside Waco,
What was the impact of the SCOTUS decisions in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services and Planned Parenthood v. Casey?
permitted states to put some restrictions on abortion while fundamentally upholding the abortion rights decision of Roe v. Wade.
What were many of the neoconservative intellectuals of the 1980s reacting most strongly against?
what they saw as the moral and social excesses of 1960s liberalism
What did George Bush mean when he called for a "new world order" after the collapse of the Soviet Union?
democracy would reign supreme and diplomacy would replace weaponry.
What was the purpose of the UN action in the Persia Gulf War?
the U.N. responded just as swiftly, placing economic embargoes on the aggressor and preparing for military punishment.
-the U.S. and U.N. unleashed a hellish air war against Iraq for 37 days
-U.N. started requiring Iraq to allow inspectors to periodically come to check to see if the country was harboring terrorists or nuclear weapons
According to Ronald Reagan, who was "the focus of evil in the modern world?
The focus of evil in the modern world was the Soviet Union.
Who was the foreign leader that President Ronald Regan felt the strongest ideological and political kinship?
British prime minister Margaret Thatcher.
What was Solidarity?
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.
What was the US military faced with after ousting Saddam Hussein from power?
violent resistance from Iraqi insurgents and foreign militants drawn to the country
In 1999, President Clinton authorized US led NATO forces to launch a bombing campaign against what nation?
What had to happen for the Soviet Union's policies of Glasnost and Perestroika to work?
Cold War end
What led to the violent resistance against the American presence in Iraq?
it was revealed that some American soldiers had humiliated Iraqi captives in the Abu Ghraib prison.
Who did he mean when President George W. Bush referred to the "axis of evil?"
It consisted of Iran, Iraq, and North Korea. Bush claimed that these three countries gravely menaced American security. Iran and North Korea were known for pursuing nuclear weapons programs, and Iran also supported terrorist operations in the Middle East.
Americans kidnapped in Beirut by Iranian govt, so deal, scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected
What was the result of the Persian Gulf War?
- Kuwait was liberated but Saddam Hussein stayed in power
Iraq was defeated within 100 hours.
In his second term, how did Reagan depart from the militantly anti-Soviet stance of his first term?
negotiating and signing arms agreements with the new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
The Iran-contra investigations revealed Ronald Reagan as a President who
napped through cabinet meetings.
The Iran-Contra Affair essentially involved
selling arms to Iran in exchange for hostages and using the profits to illegally fund the Nicaraguan Contras.
The Democrats' hopes for the 1988 election rose sharply because of major scandals in the Reagan administration involving
the Iran-contra affair and savings-and-loan banks.
Reagan took a tough stand against. FIred thousands of striking air traffic controlers and decertified their union. Antiunion policies along with loss of manufacturing jobs hastened the decline of union membership.
The change in the number of manufacturing jobs led to:
a decline in union membership and increased economic inequality
Which of the following is supported by the graph? (US Bureau of Statistics graph)
Manufacturing jobs rose during the boom of the 1960s and fell leading up to the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973
which of the following statements is implied in the conclusion of "supply-side" economists derive from the laffer curve above
tax cuts given to the wealthy will spur new investment in the US economy will spur growth
of the following US politicians , who would have had the most reservations about "supply-side" economics
opponents of "supply-side" theory would argue that the "reagan recovery" of the mid- 1980s had less to do with ronald reagan's economic policies and more to do with
the policies of Federal Reserve
the argument on the passage is most likely a response to which phenomena in US history (listen america by jerry falwell)
the counter-culture and sexual revolution of the 60s and 70s
the war on terror
After 9/11. The US effort to locate terrorists and bring them down. To avoid domestic and international terrorism attacks. Cause: terrorism effect: war to stop terrorism #logic
War on Terrorism
Initiated by George W. Bush after the September 11, 2001, attacks to weed out terrorist operatives throughout the world, using diplomacy, military means, improve homeland security, stricter banking laws, and other means.
Moral Majority was a political group made up of fundamentalist Christians. Although not it did not accomplish much, it did show that Americans were starting to worry about the moral fabric of society.
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