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crittendon compromise

proposed as a last resort after seven southern states seceded

john brown

New York Abolitionist who used violence to accomplish his goals

Jefferson Davis

chosen as president of the Confederate States of America

republican party

Group formed in 1854 that opposed slavery

Wilmot Proviso

proposed law prohibiting slavery in the territories

Roger B. Taney

Supreme Court Chief Justice when the Dred Scott case was decided

Compromise of 1850

legislation that included a strict new Fugitive Slave Law


became the "American Party"

Kansas-Nebraska Act

bill passed by Congress in 1854 that led to violence

Fort Sumter

site surrendered after a Confederate attack

In the late 1840s, what led to the question of whether slavery should expand to the territories?

the results of the Mexican War

In the election of 1848, the major parties were forced to take a stand on slavery because of

the rise of the Free Soil Party

The Fugitive Slave Act angered Northerners because

it increased federal intervention in the affairs of independent states

The events of "Bleeding Kansas" can be attributed to

the competition of opposing political groups

Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin infuriated the South because it

spread anti-slavery sentiment in the North

Why was abolitionist John Brown executed?

for his attempt to seize the arsenal at Harper's Ferry

Abolitionists believed that slavery

was morally wrong and wanted to end it

Who was the Free-Soil Party's candidate for President?

Martin Van Buren

What provision did the Compromise of 1850 include?

California would be admitted as a free state

Under the new Fugitive Slave Act passed in 1850,

citizens who helped runaway slaves could be imprisoned

What was the final northern destination for most people escaping slavery on the Underground Railroad?


What conductor on the Underground Railroad was known as "Black Moses?"

Harriet Tubman

What is the "domestic institution" that Lincoln is referring to in his inaugural address?


Why did Lincoln refer to the right of each State to control its own affairs in his inaugural address?

to assure the Southern states that they would make their own decision about slavery

Why did the Confederate States of America write a constitution that prohibited importing slaves from other countries?

to win the support of Britain and France

Who wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854?

Stephen Douglas

What event started "Bleeding Kansas"

Border ruffians raided the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, Kansas.

"Bleeding Kansas" demonstrated that popular sovereignty was

an unworkable solution for the territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Why did the Crittenden Compromise fail?

Lincoln convinced senators to vote against the compromise

The Dred Scott decision stated that slaves

were the property of their owners

What was Lincoln's view on African Americans?

They were entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

Why did John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry fail?

few Americans would join a rebellion organized by Brown

Why did South Carolina seced from the Union?

they believed that Lincoln was hostile to slavery

Seceding states believed that they had to leave the Union in order to

protect their property and their way of life

The election of 1860 showed that the North and the South were two distinct political entities because

Lincoln won without a single Southern electoral vote

In Abraham Lincoln's inaugural address, he declared that

no state can lawfully leave the Union by its own action

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