36 terms

History Chapter 10 Test

crittendon compromise
proposed as a last resort after seven southern states seceded
john brown
New York Abolitionist who used violence to accomplish his goals
Jefferson Davis
chosen as president of the Confederate States of America
republican party
Group formed in 1854 that opposed slavery
Wilmot Proviso
proposed law prohibiting slavery in the territories
Roger B. Taney
Supreme Court Chief Justice when the Dred Scott case was decided
Compromise of 1850
legislation that included a strict new Fugitive Slave Law
became the "American Party"
Kansas-Nebraska Act
bill passed by Congress in 1854 that led to violence
Fort Sumter
site surrendered after a Confederate attack
In the late 1840s, what led to the question of whether slavery should expand to the territories?
the results of the Mexican War
In the election of 1848, the major parties were forced to take a stand on slavery because of
the rise of the Free Soil Party
The Fugitive Slave Act angered Northerners because
it increased federal intervention in the affairs of independent states
The events of "Bleeding Kansas" can be attributed to
the competition of opposing political groups
Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin infuriated the South because it
spread anti-slavery sentiment in the North
Why was abolitionist John Brown executed?
for his attempt to seize the arsenal at Harper's Ferry
Abolitionists believed that slavery
was morally wrong and wanted to end it
Who was the Free-Soil Party's candidate for President?
Martin Van Buren
What provision did the Compromise of 1850 include?
California would be admitted as a free state
Under the new Fugitive Slave Act passed in 1850,
citizens who helped runaway slaves could be imprisoned
What was the final northern destination for most people escaping slavery on the Underground Railroad?
What conductor on the Underground Railroad was known as "Black Moses?"
Harriet Tubman
What is the "domestic institution" that Lincoln is referring to in his inaugural address?
Why did Lincoln refer to the right of each State to control its own affairs in his inaugural address?
to assure the Southern states that they would make their own decision about slavery
Why did the Confederate States of America write a constitution that prohibited importing slaves from other countries?
to win the support of Britain and France
Who wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854?
Stephen Douglas
What event started "Bleeding Kansas"
Border ruffians raided the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, Kansas.
"Bleeding Kansas" demonstrated that popular sovereignty was
an unworkable solution for the territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Why did the Crittenden Compromise fail?
Lincoln convinced senators to vote against the compromise
The Dred Scott decision stated that slaves
were the property of their owners
What was Lincoln's view on African Americans?
They were entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Why did John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry fail?
few Americans would join a rebellion organized by Brown
Why did South Carolina seced from the Union?
they believed that Lincoln was hostile to slavery
Seceding states believed that they had to leave the Union in order to
protect their property and their way of life
The election of 1860 showed that the North and the South were two distinct political entities because
Lincoln won without a single Southern electoral vote
In Abraham Lincoln's inaugural address, he declared that
no state can lawfully leave the Union by its own action