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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
The French Revolution
Review of the French Revolution
Terms in this set (29)
Social classes in France that would define the power and prestige people had in society
97 percent of French society, it was very diverse including the wealthy bourgeoisie, peasant farmers tied to land and urban laborers
Peasants who accumulated wealth through trade, they might be more wealthy than nobles, but had little or no politicial power
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution.
While it did not reset all aspects of SPICE, this war of independence influenced the French Revolution by 1. bankrupting the Bourbon monarchy who needed to call the Estates General for money and 2. Inspiring French to challenge the legitimacy of its government
Provided the ideas that would motivate the French and American Revolution
a French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people
Queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
Medieval fortress that was converted to a prison stormed by peasants for ammunition during the early stages of the French Revolution.
The rising price of this staple drove French peasant women to storm the Palace of Versailles forcing the king and queen to move to Paris
The early years of the Revolution brought this kind of government to France and was loosly based on the English model that had developed a century earlier
French nobles who fled from France during the peasant uprisings. They were very conservative and hoped to restore the king to power and found many allies among the kings of Europe
Wanting to remake France from its roots, they were empowered by groups like the Jacobins who called for the death of all people who supported the king.
A Jacobin who led the Committee of Public Safety and wanted to kill any "enemies" to the revolution which often included fellow radicals who challenged his authority.
A moderate government that replaced the National Convention and Committee of Public Safety hoping to restore order in a country torn by revolutionary violence
A Corsican artilleryman whose rise as a military defender of the revolution gave helped him direct the emotional energy of the Revolution to creating a large, but short lived empire
A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group, Napoleon stages this against the Directory and established the consulate to govern France
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal or leader. Napoleon used this to legitimize his rule of France in 1800
The Catholic Church
The traditional religion of France, it was attacked during the Revolution's most radical phases but restored by Napoleon
Receiving the crown from the Pope, Napoleon became this in 1804. This represented the return of absolute government in France with legitimacy coming from the masses of people rather than God.
Important naval victory by the British who were able to defeat the menacing navy of France under Napoleon
French attempt to isolate Great Britain economically from the continent of Europe. This effort would counter a British blockade of France that would draw America into the war (War of 1812)
Napoleon's invasion of this vast country would prove disastrous and be the beginning of the end for Napoleon
After returning from exile on Elba, Napoleon was defeated by the British under the Duke of Wellington and sent on a more distant exile on the remote island of St Helena
Europe's great powers met here following the defeat of Napoleon thinking about how to "put the revolutionary Genie back in the bottle". They restored monarchies and worked out a balance of power system to keep another war from breaking out in Europe
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
This art form was effectively used as propaganda supporting ideas and personalities connected to revolutionary France and demonstrated that emotion would replace reason as a motivating force of the mass societies emerging in the 19th century
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