Religion chapter 6


Terms in this set (...)

What is the main function of a Priest? How does this definition relate to the common priesthood and the ministerial priesthood?
The main function of a priest is to engage all Christians in building up the body of Christ
Whether in common priesthood or ministerial priesthood, they both work to build up the church and the body of christ and to sacrifice themselves to God.
What is the relationship of the Common and Ministerial Priesthoods to the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ? Which priesthood serves the other?
The ministerial or hierarchical priesthood of bishops and priests, and the common priesthood of all the faithful participate, 'each in its proper way, in the one priesthood of Christ
The ministerial priesthood is at the service of the common priesthood.
Which sacrament initiates one into the Common Priesthood?
Should laypersons be active in Church life?
Yes, They are supposed to go to church and bring others in also and also to carry out their own part in the mission of the whole Christian people in the church and the World.
Should Lay persons be just as serious about the faith as ordained ministers and consecrated religious?
Yes, because you can be serious about your faith and still be a lay person and they are in the image of the Front Lines in which they are the first to fight and battle. Also, everyone is called to be a saint.
Can the Universal Call to Holiness include leisure? From a Catholic perspective, what is the purpose of leisure?
Yes, in a way, it is an escape from your troubles and to destress and to also spend time with God in the most natural, personal way. the purpose of leisure is known as a spiritual sacrifice because we are constantly doing something these days without any time to rest and so to relax is a sacrifice of time and business to spend time with god and have relaxation of mind and body.
Can the Universal Call to Holiness include one's response to suffering?
THE LAITY (Definition & Vocation)
The word "laity" can defined as all baptized Christians, except those in Holy Orders and those in a state of religious life specifically approved by the Church. They carry out their own part of the mission of the whole Christian people in the Church and in the world. The vocation of the laity is to seek the kingdom of God by engaging in temporal affairs and ordering them according to the plan of God. The lay members are called to live out this vocation in family life, work, they lay apostolate, and the public square.
Lay persons participate in the missionary activity of the Church through (1) Witness and (2) Words. Why are both important?
Witness: Through their Christian witness in the midst of society, the followers of Christ: -show understanding and acceptance of others and a willingness to share in their lives in solidarity with all that is good and noble. -Christians exhibit God's values that surpass the values of the world. Such Christian witness is a paradox that inevitably touched other people and causes irresistible questions to rise in their hearts.
-Words: Knowing and being prepared to defend the faith-The missionary work of the church "to be effective, must remain centered on Jesus Christ , and the truth of his teachings, as transmitted by the catholic church, must be proclaimed in the fullness of their understanding.
Is it important to know the faith as a lay member of the Church? If so, why? If not, why not?
Yes, to defend and pass on the faith, one must know it fully and extensively. Each of us must live according to the teachings of Christ as handed down and proclaimed by the church.
Must all Christian witness explicitly mention the name of Jesus at all times to be effective? If so, why? If not, why not?
No, some people might become off-standish and harsh to hear the name of God, so to relate to them, you sometimes have to talk in their language and a way that they could easily relate to. once they are comfortable with the conversation and the analogy of Jesus, one could slip in the name of Jesus Christ and fully explain the life of him and pull them towards him.
Why is it important to perform our duties well in the secular/temporal realm?
We must work to fulfill our duties to the best of our abilities, if we don't do our best, we miss an opportunity to glorify God. By performing our duties well and maintaining a cheerful and positive attitude, we can sanctify our work, ourselves, and those who may find in us inspiration and exemplary behavior.
What is the Greek origin of the word "Liturgy"? What does it mean?
The word Liturgy comes from Greek (leiton + ergos), meaning "work of the people."
How can the Liturgy be considered God's gift to the Church?
We receive the gift of the Lord's Presence :Scripture (Word), Sacraments (Eucharist), Communion with the Church (in Heaven, Purgatory, Earth)
-"With the Angels and all the Saints we declare your glory, as with one voice we acclaim"
What season begins the Liturgical Year?
What day is the high point of the Liturgical Year?
the easter vigil
What is the definition of prayer?
"the raising of one's mind and heart to God" (St. John Damascene)
Is the first impulse to pray from human beings or from God?
All Prayer begins with God, Who takes initiative within us to pray.
What are the four types of prayer?
Adoration, Contrition, Thanksgiving, Supplication (Petition)
What is the "ultimate" prayer?
the Liturgy (Mass)
What is mortification and what is its purpose?
to make [the flesh] dead"
-purpose: Subdue the body to strengthen the soul - to achieve self-mastery
How is mortification a helpful tool that can be used as a response to the Universal Call to Holiness?
Mortification is not just the giving up of sin. We give up things that are good for the sake of pursuing a greater good—communion with God.
Holiness is a state of complete self-mastery, complete self-gift, heroic virtue, and sinlessness made possible only by the grace of God and the merits of Jesus Christ.
When Christ embraced a life of poverty, chastity, and obedience (the three evangelical counsels), did He reject or diminish the value of material wealth, marriage, or personal freedom? Explain.
No, he actually revealed to us their true dignity. Our possessions, sexuality, and independence are among God's greatest natural gifts to us and they are therefore especially worthy to be offered to God. Further, in a world that worships money, sex, and power in place of God, this offering gives testimony to the truth that communion with God is worth infinitely more than even the greatest of his gifts.
How is a life of celibacy a "prophetic witness" to life in Heaven?
"In the resurrection they neither marry nor are given marriage, but are like the angels in Heaven." In Heaven, you do not have a spouse and it is only you in union with God so it provides an example (like a prophet shows the way to all of Christ's followers) of how we will all be in Heaven. In heaven there is a need for love, but no need for marriage because there is no need for reproduction in heaven, so a life of celibacy illustrates this.
Examples of how the Laity can live out their vocation in family life, work, the lay apostolate, and the public square