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A&P Chapter 7 - Test Review
Terms in this set (54)
more left medial
Where does the heart sit in the body?
medial to the lungs
Where does the heart sit in comparison to the lungs?
outside protective layer of the heart
middle muscle layer to the heart
inner protective layer to the heart
muscle section of the heart that separates the two ventricles
receiving chambers of the heart (where blood enters first)
discharging chambers of the heart (where blood exits)
the heart allows blood flow in how many directions
"heart strings" that open and close heart valves
when heart valves give out
heart valves can be replaced
it's from the patients perspective
why are heart diagrams backwards
which vessels carry oxygenated blood?
what color represents arteries
which vessels carry deoxygenated blood?
what color represents veins?
exchanging CO2 and O2
what are capillaries responsible for?
what color is capillaries represented by?
your blood vessels can become clogged with plaque
puts stress on your heart and can lead to a heart attack
why are clogged vessels bad for your heart and body?
what is the term from for a blocked artery?
pacemaker of the heart
can your sinoatrial node be replaced?
Willheim His Jr.
who discovered the Bundle of His?
what is the lack of blood flow to the heart?
what is an abnormal heart beat of MORE than 100 beats/minute?
what is an abnormal heart beat of LESS than 100 beats/minute?
which vessel has the thickest walls?
which vessel has the largest lumen?
which vessel is the thinnest?
which vessel has to work slightly harder?
because they take blood back to the heart and flow against gravity
why do veins have to work harder?
stroke volume and heart rate
the 2 things included in cardiac output
open space where blood flows
what are lumens in blood vessels?
directly connects artery and vein
located everywhere in the body
pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and body temperature
vital signs nurses check for:
high blood pressure, decreased blood return, heart attack/weak heart/congestive heart failure
all the ways that DECREASE heart rate:
crisis, low blood pressure, epinephrine, thyroxine, exercise, decreased blood volume
all the ways that INCREASE heart rate:
neural factors (brain), renal factors (kidney), temperature, chemicals, diet
5 medical terms that can cause blood pressure to spike:
a normal blood pressure is between what 2 systolic numbers? (top)
a normal blood pressure is between what 2 diastolic numbers?
abnormally low blood pressure blow 110
abnormally high blood pressure above 140
how does your body get rid of CO2 while also letting O2 in?
what are the 2 types of capillaries?
true capillaries and vascular shunt
Recommended textbook explanations
Anatomy and Physiology Student Workbook
Kent Pryor, Richard Allan, Tracey Greenwood
Human Anatomy And Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Katja Hoehn
Anatomy and Physiology
The Human Body in Health and Disease
Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton
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