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First Aid Final Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (77)
What is failure to do what a reasonably prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances is known as?
act of omission
A first aider who breaks his or her responsibility to a victim by failing to provide the type of care that another person with similar training would provide, commits what?
breach of duty
If a victim refuses first aid treatment, the first aid responder should do what?
call 911 and stay with the victim until help arrives
Severity, physical distance, relationship, and time exposed are all factors that can help the bystander do what?
Recognize the emergency
Who should you call first in a serious situation?
Who should make the confirmation of death?
What is made up of almost 90% water in which minerals, sugar, and other materials are dissolved?
Inadequate circulation is known as what?
How long will it take death to occur is oxygen supply is cut off?
Know examples of symptoms.
What does DOTS stand for?
Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course... deformity, open wounds, tenderness, swelling
What does RAP-CAB stand for?
responsive, activate, breathing, compressions, airway, & breathe
Unresponsive choking in infants is managed through what?
How does a rescuer give cpr if the victims mouth is injured?
What are the steps to CPR?
Circulation-Airway-Breathing. 30 compressions to 2 breaths
What are the steps to using an AED?
power on. attach pads. analyze the rhythm
What happens when the heart stops beating?
blood carrying oxygen becomes unavailable to the entire body.
When is CPR used?
What is Septic Shock?
a life-threatening condition caused by an overwhelming inflammatory response
When a person experiences shock, the person's skin is usually
What makes up the perfusion triangle?
pump (the heart), pipes (blood vessels and arteries) and contents (blood)
What term refers to a large amount of bleeding in a short time?
Which type of bleeding produces the fastest blood loss and is the most difficult to control?
How many quarts of blood loss can lead to shock and death in an adult?
What is the proper procedure for breaking a blister?
drain fluid by making holes in the base of the blister
What type of amputation is the most common?
When is a dressing used?
What type of bandage is used as a sling?
A folded triangular bandage
What condition can results from an electrical burn?
Cardiac arrest; Respiratory arrest; Muscle spasms that "freeze" the victim to the contact point
What bandage is used for sprains and contusions?
an elastic roller bandage.
Which method of applying a roller bandage can be used to cover a wound of the leg?
What is the aftercare treatment for a second degree sun burn?
Gently clean the burned area daily with mild soap and water, and pat dry. Look for any swelling or redness around the burn. Do not break closed blisters, because this increases the risk for infection. Apply cream or ointment to the burn with a cotton swab.
Why should Topical over-the-counter burn ointments, sprays, or anesthetic sprays not be used on sunburns?
they seal in heat
A tooth often can be successfully reimplanted if it has been put back into its socket within ____ minutes after the injury.
How should you treat a suspected broken nose?
Do not try to straighten a crooked nose Apply an ice pack to the nose for 15 minutes Treat a nose bleed by following normal procedures
How should a victim with a scalp wound be placed?
with head and shoulders slightly elevated
________ occurs when the internal abdominal tissues are damaged but the skin is unbroken.
Closed abdominal injuries
What type of depression typically follows a tragic event?
Open abdominal injuries are also known as?
What season do the frequency of suicides peak?
In a ________, the skin is not broken.
closed chest injury
What can be done to help control vaginal bleeding after delivery?
Gently massage the mother's lower abdomen; Allow the baby to nurse
A fracture in which the bone is fragmented into more than two pieces is called?
If you must assist with the delivery of the baby, what are the guidelines to remember?
Do not let the mother use the toilet, do not hold the mother's legs together, do not touch the vaginal area except during delivery
A fracture that usually results from a twisting injury is called?
After the baby is delivered, and before the umbilical cord is cut, the newborn should be held how?
head slightly lower than the trunk, level with the mother's vagina.
With an open fracture, the skin is what?
Humans lose heat largely through their what?
Tennis elbow results from sharp, quick twists of the ________.
Transport a victim of heat exhaustion to a medical facility if no improvement is seen within how many minutes?
An injury in which a nail is partly or completely torn loose is known as a what?
What is first aid for a heat stroke victim?
The first aider should consider the ________ of injury (COI) in evaluating the possibility of a fracture and its location.
cause of injury
________ occurs because of unperceived fluid loss combined with inadequate fluid intake.
dehydration: Cold Weather
A folded triangular bandage can be used as a ________ in conjunction with a sling.
What is on of the first symptom of hypothermia?
a change in mental status
Which of the following can be used to improvise a sling if bandages or other resources are unavailable?
Which type of exposure occurs within 6 to 24 hours and can be either land- or water- based?
Always stabilize an injured knee in which position?
In the position found
Antivenin must be given within ________ of the snakebite.
_______ occurs when either the heart stops beating or the heart's lower chambers suddenly develop a rapid, irregular rhythm.
After developing severe pain from muscle stiffness and cramps, the victim of a black widow spider bite will experience what?
What conditions may lead to seizures?
Epilepsy; Hypoglycemia; Heatstroke
When should an animal be considered rabid?
What should you look for in cases of abdominal pain?
The medical condition resulting from exposure to poison oak, ivy, or sumac is called what?
What should be done after exposure to stinging nettle?
wash with soap and water
________ ranges from passive neglect to active assault and includes emotional abuse.
How should ground signals be aligned?
straight lines; right angles; as large as possible
What are the signs and signals of altitude illness?
headaches, nausea/vomiting, fatigue, lack of energy, and dizziness
If you are attacked by a ________, you should lie down and play dead.
mother or black bear or grizzly bear
Most near drownings are ________ drownings; that is, water, vomitus, or foreign bodies are aspirated into the lungs.
2nd type of drowning (85% of near - drownings)
What could be done to separate a threatening farm animal from a victim?
Use food to lure the animal away
In most states, when are you legally obligated to stop and give help at the scene of a motor vehicle accident?
When you are involved in the accident
Landslides are usually associated with _________.
heavy rainfall and rapid snow melt
Which of the following is the correct action to take if you experience an earthquake?
take cover under a sturdy desk or table
If you are unable to evacuate your home during a hazardous materials incident, what should you do?
use plastic sheeting and tape to secure doors and windows
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