The Odyssey books 1-12
Terms in this set (37)
(main character) Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy. king of ITHICA. runs into many obsticles on his was home from wining the Trojan war(20yrs away from home)
(Greek mythology) the wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity
for 10 years while Odysseus fought the Trojan War she resisted numerous suitors until Odysseus returned and killed them
Odysseus's son. An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story. He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he initially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them. His maturation, especially during his trip to Pylos and Sparta in Books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic. Athena often assists him.
in ancient Greek mythology any of 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
The most arrogant of Penelope's suitors. Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when Odysseus returns.
odysseus was told by circe not to touch the cattle on helious island, and he told his men this, unfortunately the men went crazy and touched the sheep all odysseus men were sent away to be drowned however because odysseus did not touch the sheep he was spared, he loved his cattle
-the sun god
The beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus when he lands on her island-home of Ogygia. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go.
King of gods and men, who mediates the disputes of the gods on Mount Olympus. Zeus is occasionally depicted as weighing men's fates in his scales. He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same.
God of the sea. As the suitors are Odysseus's mortal antagonists, Poseidon is his divine antagonist. He despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. Ironically, Poseidon is the patron of the seafaring Phaeacians, who ultimately help to return Odysseus to Ithaca.
Daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts. Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus. She often appears in disguise as Mentor, an old friend of Odysseus.
The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus's crew into swine when he lands on her island. With Hermes' help, Odysseus resists Circe's powers and then becomes her lover, living in luxury at her side for a year.
people who feed Odysseus' men with lotus plants to make them forget Ithaca
-odysseys now has to drag his men off the island after they eat the lotus plant
Son of Atreus, brother of Menelaus, husband of Clytemnestra, and king of Mycenae. Elected commander in chief of the Greeks in the Trojan War. When war was over, he sailed home where he was murdered by Aegisthus and Clytemnestra. Odysseus speaks to his spirit in Hades.
Faithless wife of Agamemnon. Half-sister of Helen, became the lover of Aegisthus and together they plotted her husband's death. She had no respect and did not close his eyes or mouth in death. Was ultimately killed by her son Orestes when he avenged his father.
in medias res
"in the middle of things"
-in the middle of two story lines
-male can have other girlfriends but women must stay loyal to their husbands.
Greek code of hospitality; guest friendship
-rule made by zeus
traditional stories a society tells itself that encode or represent the worldview,beliefs,principles,and often fears of that society
stories that are mainly entertaining and that often involve animals or ordinary but clever humans
traditinal stories rooted in historical fact, describing the (greatly exaggerated) adventure of people who actually lived.
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
a simile developed over several lines of verse
this term is used to refer to the gods and goddesses who taken an interest or an active part in actions going on in the human world
-the gods are the beings that directly or indirectly make many of the situations happen
messenger of the gods
People of southern Thrace, who lived on the coast of the Aegean Sea. They were allies of Troy during the Trojan War and their city, Ismarus, was raided by Odysseus and his crew on their way home after the war.
wise, powerful, strong leader, promises odysseus he will help him get home
-odysseus tells him his whole story.
One of the Cyclopes (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape. In doing so, however, Odysseus angers Polyphemus's father, Poseidon.
the name odysseus gives to polyphemus when in his cave so he wouldnt tell his brothers who was really in his cave. but after odysseus blinds him he tells polyphemus the truth which was not smart of odysseus to do.
ruler of the island of aeolia/ king of the winds who put the north, south, and east winds in a bag, giving odysseus the favorable west wind to return home/ cast them out when the released winds blew them back to the island
giant cannibals, destroyed Odysseus' fleet
comrade of Odysseus on the voyage home from Troy; one who told Odysseus that their comrades were turned into swine by Circe; also provoked men to eat Helios' cattle
A Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld. Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld in Book 11. He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades.
Odysseus' mother who he sees in the realm of the dead. This is where we first see Odysseus' character change -- he asks his mother whether Penelope has remained faithful to him all these years.
6-headed monster who eats six of Odysseus' men
(Greek mythology) a ship-devouring whirlpool lying on the other side of a narrow strait from Scylla
Sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships toward the rocks.
-odysseus is the one man who lives to hear the music