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Prejudice CH 3 EXAM 3
Terms in this set (28)
generalized beliefs about the characteristics of social groups
a (typically negative) evaluation of a social group or member of the that group
Differential treatment based on a social group
-can be interpersonal, institutional, organizational, or cultural
what psychological factors predict stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination
-parents prejudice lvl
-lower edu attainment
-lack of intergroup exposure
-fewer minority social identities
what is the historical context of prejudice research
-Most of the early work was on "old-fashioned racism"
-blatant, unapologetic form of racism
-prevalent until recent daces, but no longer socially acceptable
how has racism "gone underground"
1. Modern and symbolic racism
2. Aversive Racism
3. Implicit bias
· How do social psychological theories explain prejudice?
social psychologist agree that research indicates multiple mechanisms related to cognition, emotion, context, culture, and upbringing that influence this
Does prejudice based on different social groups operate in dissimilar ways?
Common toward various stigmatized/marginalized groups
· What are the effects of prejudice for perceivers?
1. Biased interpretation/attribution
2. Biased memory/perception
3.s self-fulfilling prophecies
· What are the effects of prejudice for targets?
-typically invisible to perceiver
-involve strong emotions
1. Protecting self-esteem from negative effects
2. Attributional ambiguity
3. Stereotype threat
· How can stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination be reduced?
-confront big and small instances of prejudice
· What complicates the fight against prejudice?
-Invisibility of modern prejudice to majorities
-implicit prejudice:reduced motivation and capacity
-De facto segregation
How do social psychologist explain prejudice?
1. Realistic conflict theory
3. Social Identity Theory
4. System Justification Perspective
5. Social Cognition Perspective
prejudice based on religion
strongly related to ascriptions of morality
Prejudice based on heterosexism
esp. gay men commonly seen as devious
Prejudice based on classism
ppl living in poverty are some of the most stigmatized groups in American society
-ppl with wealth are often idolized
Prejudice based on ageism
disdain for weakness
idolization of youth in our culture
women should not try to do the man's job
women are fragile creatures who need protected
others behavior interpreted through stereotypes or causes attributed to stereotype-consistent features
incorrectly remember past and process stimuli to confirm stereotypical beliefs
treat others in ways that elicit behavior that confirms our expectation
protecting self-esteem from negative effects of stigma=
attribute negative events to other prejudice
-compare self to other ingroup members
constant uncertainty about the cause of positive/negative treatment from others
-"did i get a promotion bc of pity?"
fear of confirming stereotype when stigma made
encouragement of diversity, role model collaboration, equal status, and joint goals
parental and peer models in the media, social norms
norm that unique features of social identities are celebrated
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