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28 terms

Federalism Test

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Federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Enumerated/Delegated/Expressed powers
the expressed powers of Congress that are itemized and numbered 1-18 in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution
Concurrent powers
powers shared by the federal government and the state
Reserved powers
powers set aside by the constitution for the state
Checks and Balances
The way the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branch make sure one branch isn't too powerful
Legislative Branch
The branch that writes the laws; Congress
Executive Branch
The branch that carries out the law; President
Judicial Branch
The branch that interprets the law and punishes lawbreakers; Supreme Court
Implied Powers
Powers not specifically granted to Congress that are suggested to be necessary to carry out the powers delegated to Congress under the Constitution
Cloture
A limit on the debate of a bill in the Senate by a vote
Quorum
a gathering of the minimal number of members of a legislative body can conduct business
Filibuster
A method of delaying action in the Senate by making long speeches
Session
Meetings of Congress
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives; Nancy Pelosi
Floor leaders
A political party leader in Congress who works for the passage of bills the party favors
Conference Committee
Temporary committee made up of senators and representatives who try to reach a agreement on different versions of the same bill
Standing Committee
A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
Subcommittees
A group within a standing committee that specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee's responsibility
Select Committees
Congressional committees appointed for a specific purpose, such as the Watergate investigation.
Joint Committees
congressional committees on a few subject-matter areas with membership drawn form both houses
Appropriation
A bill approving the spending of extra public money
Apportionment
division of the state into congressional and state Senate and House districts of equal population for purposes of representation
Unicameral
composed of one legislative body
Bicameral
composed of two legislative bodies
Separation of Powers
the division of the national government into the legislative, executive and judicial branches
Elastic clause
Clause in the Constitution that allows Congress to pass laws necessary to carry out its enumerated powers
Full faith and credit clause
the clause in Article IV of the U.S. Constitution that requires states to give full faith and credit to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of the other states
Supremacy clause
supreme laws of the land are the Constitution, treaties, and national laws that agree with the Constitution