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CNST 379 - FINAL EXAM (BARROWS)
Terms in this set (132)
(T/F) If owner is looking to achieve an iconic design for their project, using the design/build project delivery method is their best option
(T/F) A general contractor that utilizes a design-bid-build project delivery method typically accepts more risk then a contractor that utilizes a design-build project delivery method
(T/F) When an owner is using the construction manager not at risk project delivery method the general contractor won't typically get involved until after the pre construction process is complete
(T/F) Once an owner awards a project to a general contractor, the contractor is guaranteed to make the original amount of profit they determined on bid day
(T/F) An addendum is a change to the bidding documents that occurs after the owner enters into a contract with the general contractor
(T/F) An RFQ is a document issued by a buyer of services to sellers of services, requesting documentation of their general qualifications an experience, to determine whether such sellers are qualified to provide the services required by the buyer
(T/F) A verbal response from the architect or owner to a request for information from a contractor during a pre bid site visit is legally binding
(T/F) The GMP contract type is most often used with the design-bid-build project delivery method
GMP is a term used when discussing contract types. GMP stands for
Guaranteed Maximum Price
The project delivery method in which the major members of a project team enter into a multiparty agreement, place their profit into a risk pool, and share equally in the risks and rewards of the project is called
What is the name of a spreadsheet used to compile all the costs of the bid for a construction project? (Including general conditions, direct costs, indirect costs, fee, OH, insurance, etc)
The project delivery method used most often for smaller, horizontal construction projects is
the project delivery method used most for vertical construction projects is
The most detailed and lowest level of a work breakdown structure is broken down into separate
CD, DD, and SD are acronyms that describes the level of design of a set of project documents. Which phase shows the most amount of information?
CD stands for
DD stands for
SD stands for
A construction contract type where are the quantities are provided by the owner/engineer and the contractor only has to assign cost is a ____________ contract type
IPD is a project delivery method. IPD stands for
Integrated project delivery
The contract type most often associated with a project using the design-bid-build delivery method is
(T/F) A site logistics plan is a "living document" that can be modified to accommodate the changes in the field conditions as they occur on a project
(T/F) The amount of gross profit that a general contractor makes on a high rise office building is typically a higher amount than the net profit they will make
(T/F) General conditions define the specific protocols for administrative programs associated with a given project, and each respective trade or division (CSI), such as submittals, scheduling requirements, LEED, payment apps, permitting, inspections, daily logs, RF eyes, progress meetings and meeting minutes, and all other project documentation
(T/F) The cost of a bid bond for a $10,000,000 project will be greater than the cost of a performance and payment bond for a $2,500,000 project
(T/F) Builder's risk insurance is carried by both the general contractor and the subcontractor on a construction project and covers injuries incurred by their employees while they are working on a construction project
(T/F) General conditions do not need to be determined specifically for each project. Applying a percentage to the overall project cost to estimate the cost of general conditions is an acceptable practice
(T/F) A performance bond is a guarantee in which a surety guarantees a second party (oblige/owner) the successful payment of all entities contracted by a third party (general contractor/principal) that completed work on a construction project.
(T/F) A construction company incurs overhead costs while they are operating. A company will typically use funds generated from the profit obtained from multiple construction projects to cover the overhead costs for the entire company
(T/F) The cost of builders risk insurance is typically more expensive on a wood framed apartment building project than a steel framed apartment building project. (assume contract amounts are the same)
(T/F) An existing restaurant closed in the haymarket in your company is contracted to remodel the space for a new BBQ restaurant. You're already behind schedule before you start due to permit issues. a good option to pick up time on you....building permit is ready to be issued
_____________ Is defined as the planning, execution, and control of procurement ,transport, and stationing of workers and material and other resources to achieve the goals of a construction project
The cost a building owner will be required to pay to tie into the existing local water and or sanitary sewer system is typically called a
The labor costs that are encouraged by an employer that are above and beyond the take home pay (hourly pay or salary rate) of an employee is called
A general contractor needs to ensure the temporary utilities are provided to the project site before the project starts. 2 types of temporary utilities are:
Sales tax on a construction project is typically applied to what components of a project
A traffic control plan is typically required when working in the public ROW. ROW stands for
Right of way
A general contractor attempts to be more competitive on a hard day by asking their preferred subcontractors to beat a lower subcontractors bid. This process is called
You are working for a GC that is remodeling a few classrooms at unl. A student (that isn't working on the project) walks through the work site, trips on construction supplies, falls to the ground, and breaks their wrist. The type of insurance the general contractor carries that covers the medial expenses from this type of incident is called
General conditions that are incurred to complete construction due to cold weather are called
A GC is self performing the concrete work on a concrete framed high rise project. When pouring the second floor, one of the columns in the forming system fails due to being undersized and causes a minor collapse. What type of insurance will cover the losses?
AHJ stands for
Authorities having jurisdiction
_____________ is the difference between the total income received by a company in the total expenses incurred by company during the same time.
A general contractor will often engage in the buyout process with multiple subcontractors. At what stage of the project is the buyout process usually conducted?
a. During the bidding period
b. After the bidding period, but before the project is awarded to GC
c. After the project is awarded to the GC
d. After the GC has awarded all of the subcontracts
What is the typical overhead cost % that a commercial general contractor will typically incur?
What is the typical profit margin % that a general contractor will apply to a medical office building project that they are bidding?
Which of the following construction activities could be impacted by cold weather?
a. Pouring concrete spread footings
b. Compacting foundation backfill
c. Taping and finishing drywall partitions
d. Painting drywall ceilings
e. Placing concrete masonry units to construct a stair tower
f. Welding structural steel
all of the above
Which of the follow could be considered public owners? (Select all that apply.)
b. Bryan Health
c. Lincoln Public Schools
d. Colorado Dept. of Transportation
UNL's new College of Engineering Building (Kiewit Hall) uses which of the following project delivery methods?
RFQ stands for
Request for Qualification
(T/F) Prof. Barrows feels that it is best for the owner if they "bury" critical information in the bid documents and make it difficult for the general contractor to uncover during the biding process.
(T/F) The RFQ process, if utilized by and owner, is typically done in advance of the RFP process.
(T/F) A public owner can award a project to which ever firm they see fit.
RFP stands for
Request for Proposal
(T/F) A general contractor will generally have more risk if they enter into a unit and unit cost contract in lieu of entering into a lump sum contract.
(T/F) A contractor enters into a cost plus contract with a GMP for the construction of a new hotel. The contractor's final costs exceeds the GMP. In this instance the owner will be responsible for reimbursing the contractor for their costs incurred that were above the GMP.
Which construction contract type typically allows the owner to know the cost of the completed project before they award the contract to a general contractor.
a. Lump Sum
b. Cost Plus fee %
c. Unit and unit cost
(T/F) When a public owner awards a contract based on best value, they are required to award the contact to the contractor with the lowest possible cost.
(T/F) Lump sum construction contracts are typically used with the design-bid-build project delivery method.
(T/F) In a unit and unit price contract, the general contractor tasks the risk on ensuring the project quantities are accurate.
(T/F) When a general contractor is responding to an RFP, it typically best to provide very general information about your company and not focus on project specifics.
Which project delivery method typically results with the least risk to the GC or Construction Manager?
c. CM not at Risk
Which project delivery method does the architect and engineer contract directly with the general contractor/Construction Manager?
c. CM not at Risk
Which project delivery method typically results in the owner receiving the lowest possible project cost?
c. CM not at Risk
Which project delivery methods (choose all that apply) does the general contractor/construction manager enter into a contractual agreement with the owner BEFORE the final contract amount has been determined?
c. CM not at Risk
all of the above
(T/F) You are using the official AIA program to modify a contact agreement. A single solid like to the left of the text indicates that no changes were made from the original AIA version of the contract.
(T/F) A unit price estimate is typically more accurate than a square foot and cubic foot estimate.
Which is typically more accurate when discussing anticipated construction costs with owners. (Select the single best option.)
Per Prof. Barrows, one of the most important task that you can do before bidding and/or working on a project is to complete a check _______ of drawings.
(T/F) An owner isn't allowed to furnish any of the materials for a project. They all must be purchased by the general contractor or subcontractors.
Which plan set will provide the most detail and also take the most amount of time for the designers to prepare? (Select the single best option.)
You are a general contractor preparing to discuss the anticipated cost of construction for a new restaurant with an out of town owner. Which of the following will typically take the least amount of time to prepare? (Select the single best option.)
You are working with an electrical subcontractor on a building project. The drawings show standard 2'x4' fluorescent light fixtures in the rooms, while the specification call for LED pendants. According to the American Institute of Architects, which type of light fixture are you required to install? (select the single best answer)
a. LED pendants
b. 2'x4' fluorescent light fixtures
c. Whichever one you want to install
d. Whichever one the owner wants installed
(T/F) A Phase I ESA (Environmental Site Assessment) provides a description of how environmental issues will be remediated on a project and compiles the test data to ensure the remediation was complete as required.
You are getting ready to start the site grading for a single family home subdivision. You visited the site before mobilizing and noticed there were indications of existing wetlands on the site. Before stating work you need to confirm that an Army Corp of Engineering _______ permit has been obtained for the project.
(T/F) When ranking projects to determine which projects your company should bid, all of the criteria should be weighted the same.
You are a PM on a project that had some issues and you ended up loosing $250,000 on a project.
Your company typically makes a profit of 4% on their projects. How much "new work" must your company obtain and run successfully (where you earn your anticipate 4% profit) to make up for your loss.
(T/F) A work break down structure is made up of multiple work packages. Work packages are broken down the level of the installed construction materials or products.
Which of the following criteria should a contractor consider before they decide to bid on a project? (Select all that apply)
a. Project Location
b. Relationship with the design team
c. Financial standing of the owner
d. Project size
e. Project Type
f. Contractor's available resources
all of the above
When a contractor bids a project and disproportionally distributes the indirect and direct cost across different contract line items, this is called _____________ bidding. (one word, lowercase)
(T/F) The ability for an owner to make timely payments to a contractor should be a major consideration of the contractor before entering into a contractual agreement with the owner.
A Work Breakdown Structure organizes and defines the ___________ _______________ of the project. (two words, lower case, singular, no punctuation)
(T/F) Once a general contractor is awarded a job and executes a lump sum contractual agreement, the contractor is guaranteed to make their original profit.
The acronym RFI stands for request for
(T/F) All direct, indirect, and G&A cost for a general contractor bidding on a high school renovation project should always be included in the bid.
The on-site project manager's salary on a highway expansion project falls within which category of cost? (select one)
a. variable with time
b. fixed cost
c. variable with quantity
(T/F) In order to prepare an effective bid and limit your risk, a representative from your company should complete a site visit prior to submitting a bid on the work.
The cost of the temporary toilets used on a construction project are considered to be which of the following types of cost. (select the single best option.)
a. indirect cost
b. direct cost
c. fixed cost
d. unneeded cost
e. general and administrative costs
The cost of a the concrete foundations a retail project is considered to be which of the following types of cost. (select the single best option.)
a. fixed cost
b. direct cost
c. indirect cost
d. general and administrative costs
What is the typical duration an owner will provide for the bidding period of a $10,000,000 Design-Bid-Build office building project? (Select the best single answer.)
a. 3-4 days
b. 3-4 weeks
c. 3-4 months
d. 3-4 hours
e. 3-4 years
(T/F) Submitting an RFI and obtaining the the desired information is one method a general contractor can use to clean up any drawings conflicts prior to entering into a contract agreement.
When a general contractor self-performs work it will create additional management labor. Which position will typically have to incur most of the additional work?
a. Project Engineer
d. Project Manager
(T/F) A general contractor typically has less control over the construction project when they utilize self-perform labor than when they hire subcontractors to complete the work.
Which contract type is an owner typically going to be more concerned that a GC won't be able to get competitive bids due to self-performing a certain scope of work?
a. Design Build
b. Lump Sum
c. Guaranteed Maximum Price
Which of the following scopes of work are typically performed by general contractors. (Choose all that apply.)
b. Rough Carpentry
d. Concrete Foundations
Refer to the 2 different item descriptions:
Item A) General contractors rents a skid steer for the site work portion of the job for street cleaning due to sediment track out by subcontractors.
Item B) A concrete subcontractor provides a skid steer to spread aggregate base for the slab on grade pour for a 5,000 SF 6" SOG.
Select the best answer below
a. Both Item A and B are general conditions costs
b. Item A is a general conditions cost and Item B is a direct cost of the work.
c. Both Item A and B are direct costs of the work.
d. Item A is a direct cost of the work and Item B is a general conditions cost.
(T/F) General conditions are all of those items that will form part of the actual product, once the project has been finalized
When the spec books discusses "submittal procedures" the architect is referring to which of the following? (Select the single best answer.)
a. General Conditions
b. General Requirements
c. Direct Costs
Which of the following could be considered labor burden for a salaried employee: (select all that apply)
a. Profit Sharing/Bonuses
b. Workman's Compensation Insurance
c. Contractor's Fee
d. Holiday pay
e. Vacation pay
(T/F) A concrete slab on grade can be poured when the ambient air temperature is below freezing.
Which of the following could be impacted by cold weather construction (Select all that apply):
a. Welding structural steel
b. Placing concrete masonry units to construct a stair tower
c. Taping and finishing drywall partitions
d. Painting drywall ceiling
e. Compacting foundation backfill
f. Installing ceramic tile on the restroom floor
g. Pouring concrete spread footings
all of the above
Wall bracing is used when constructing masonry CMU walls so they can resist which of the following forces? (Select all that apply.)
c. A backhoe running into a wall
d. Stresses due to temperature fluctuations
e. Forces due to attachment of structural steel
Who typically pays for the cost of the electric consumed during the construction phase on a project? (as in, power to trailers and the project site.) (Select the single best answer)
c. General Contractor
d. Electrical Subcontractor
When should you install the final lift (thickness) of asphalt paving for the parking lot on a commercial office building project?
a. When ever the subcontractors tells you they can get there.
b. Close to the end of the project as feasible.
c. As soon as humanly possible.
Which of the following structural modifications would most likely be used to install a new opening in a masonry wall for a new building entrance? (Select the single best option.)
a. Needle beam and shoring towers
b. Foundation underpinning
d. Soil nails with shotcrete
Which type of temporary heater will introduce additional moisture into the space being heated?
a. Indirect fired heater
b. Direct fired heater
c. Electric heater
d. Ground thaw machine
When completing work inside an existing hospital facility it is typically required that the air space in the construction zone be at a _______________________ pressure as compared to the occupied areas. (Select the single best option.)
Which is typically a larger dollar amount? Gross profit or net profit?
You are bidding a project that has a total direct and indirect project cost of $25,000,000.
If you apply a 6% profit markup, what dollar amount of profit would you anticipate to make on a project?
You are bidding a project that has a overall project costs of $30,000,000 (total direct project costs, indirect project cost, and fee included). Your company wants to make a $1,500,000 on the project. What is the profit margin (%) for this project ?
A bond is a three party agreement between a surety, oblige, and principal. In a standard performance an payment scenario, the general contractor is the _______________________.
Which of the following are examples of permits that might be required to be obtained before can start on a new construction projects? (Select all that apply.)
e. Corp of Engineers 404
all of the above
(T/F) A building permit can be broken up into various packages/phases to allow for a quicker construction start.
(T/F) A tap fee is a fee typically paid by a developer on a building project so that the can connect to the local electrical service.
(T/F) Only construction projects undertaken by private developers require construction permits to be issued by the AHJs.
(T/F) Sales tax should be applied to all direct project cost.
On a typical private construction project, a general contractor will have to pay the following taxes:
all of the above
(T/F) The greater amount of working capital a company has the lower their bonding capacity will be.
A schedule of values is often used by a general contractor during which of the following phases of construction. Select all that apply.
a. bidding phase
b. job set up phase
c. construction phase
all of the above
Which of the following are types of bonds? Select all that apply.
all of the above
Which is more expensive, a performance and payment bond or a bid bond?
performance and payment bond
When pricing an alternate for a project the cost of the alternate can be presented as an:
b. Either. It depends on what is being requested
c. Neither. Alternates are always a no cost change
When used by Graham Construction, PCO stands for ________________ change order. (one word, lower case, Graham specific)
(T/F) Typically, change orders are more prevalent with the D/B project delivery method than with the DBB project delivery method.
(T/F) All change order requests from a subcontractor to a general contractor on a project will be the responsibility of the owner and will require the GC to issue a change order request to the owner.
During which design phase of the project would an owner typically carry a higher contingency amount?
a. DD - Design Development
b. SD - Schematic Design
c. CD - Construction Document
(T/F) A contractor is bidding a renovation project and they know from the pre-bid site meeting that there is a lot of asbestos that needs to be removed. The GC does not have time to contact the demolition sub to get pricing. True or False: A proper way to handle this would be to apply a contingency to the project?
A ___________________ is typically a % markup applied to the overall estimated cost of a construction project.
a. Change Order
When an owner directs a general contractor to carry a certain amount of money in their bid for a defined scope of work, this is called an _________________________. (Example: Carry materiel cost for composite metal panels of $15/SF)
b. Change Order
Change orders can occur between which of the following parties in a project using a standard D-B-B project delivery method? (Select all that apply)
a. Owner and General Contractor
b. Architect and Subcontractor
c. Architect and General Contractor
d. General Contractor and Subcontractors
e. Owner and Subcontractor
(T/F) A contingency is most often used in a CMaR project to cover items that were missed by the contractor during the bidding phase of the project.
Which of the following is a cost carried by a project owner on a CMaR project due to unforeseen design changes?
a. Change order
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