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Terms in this set (20)
Critical Capability (Ability*)
Critical Capability (Ability*) (CC): the primary ability (or abilities) that gives an actor's Centre of Gravity (COG)1 its strength. What are the primary means that enables the COG to gain and maintain dominant influence over an opponent or situation, such as to threaten or coerce an opponent, or to control a population, wealth distribution, or a political system?
CC Examples: The ability to deploy forces; the ability to gather intelligence
Critical Requirement (CR):
specific conditions, components or resources that are essential to sustaining those capabilities. What are those key system elements and essential conditions, characteristics, capabilities, relationship and influences required to generate and sustain the COG's critical capabilities, such as specific assets, physical resources, and relationships with other actors?
CR Examples: Fuel, Infrastructure, armour units
exists when a critical requirement is deficient, degraded or missing and exposes a critical capability to damage or loss. What are the weaknesses, gaps or deficiencies in the key system elements and essential conditions, characteristics, capabilities, relationship and influences through which the COG may be influenced or neutralised?
CV Examples: Extended LLOCs, Insufficient resupply network, incompatible C2 systems
Decisive Condition: A combination of circumstances, effects, or a specific key event, critical factor, or function that, when realised, allows commanders to gain a marked advantage over an opponent or contribute materially to achieving an operational objective.
DCs will need to be supported by at least two measureable Operational Effects (OE)
DC Example: Freedom of Action for UN/IOs/NGOs, Country X forces combat ineffective
Condition to be Established
Conditions that must be established and sustained in the operational area in order to achieve operational objectives and the desired end state
CE Examples: Reference Decisive Conditions and Operational Effects definitions and examples
efined as, '[a] change in the state of a system (or system element), that results from one or more actions, or other causes.' Derived from objectives, effects bridge the gap between objectives and actions by describing what changes in a system are required.
OE Examples: Insurgency forces attacks reduced, LLOCs secured
OA Examples: Conduct COIN operations, Secure SPOD
Land Lines of Communication
Operational Action: Operational actions are required to create the OEs and establish the DCs that are described above. Operational actions will establish the operational requirement for the allocation of military capabilities and the prioritisation of training, exercises, and evaluations
OA Examples: Conduct COIN operations, Secure SPOD
Force Capability: Can also be referred to as primary military capabilities
FC examples: Armour units, Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence
Complementary Non-Military Action: Complementary military, political, economic and civil actions that will support the creation of desired effects in the operational environment.
CNMA Example: Support efforts of civil actors to establish public works and education projects
Decision Point (DP): A point in space and time, identified during the planning process, where it is anticipated that the commander must make a decision concerning a specific course of action
DP Example: Hostile activity from Country X against Country Y
Commander's Critical Information Requirement (CCIR): CCIRs comprise information required for the commander to make timely decisions as required for mission accomplishment.
Additional CCIR Examples: Indications of aggression from Country X, indications that Country Y is at a near or failed state status.
Friendly Forces Information Requirements:
Detail information that the Commander needs to know about his own forces, which might affect the commander's ability to accomplish the mission
FFIR Example: Any loss of medical evacuation assets
Essential Elements of Friendly Information - is information the commander wants to hide from the enemy
Priority Intelligence Requirements
normally encompass identification and monitoring of areas that represent opportunities and threats to the mission plan.
Good PIRs ask only one question, focus on a specific fact, event, or activity, and provide intelligence required to support a single decision.
PIR Examples: Which bridges over the Y River are intact?, Will the insurgent forces focus attacks along Route X in the Y valley?
Information Requirement (IR): In intelligence usage, information regarding an adversary or potentially hostile actors and other relevant aspects of the operational environment that needs to be collected and processed to meet the intelligence requirements of a commander.
Assumption Examples: Country X will not use chemical weapons on NATO forces, Country Y will not collapse before main forces arrive in theatre.
Operational Risk (OR): Risk is a situation involving exposure to danger. It is assessed by the likelihood of its occurrence and the gravity of its impact.
OR Examples: Attack on SPOD/APOD, widening of conflict with other regional actors
A requirement placed on a commander that dictates an action
A requirement placed on a commander that prohibits an action
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