28 terms

C. 17 Medical Asepsis and the OSHA standard

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Aerobe
A microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe
A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen
Antiseptic
An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms
Asepsis
Free from infections or pathogens; actions practiced to keep area free of infection/pathogens
Blood Bourne Pathogens
Pathogenic microorganisms capable of causing disease that are present in human blood
cilia
slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
contaminate
to soil or to make impure.
Decontamination
The use of physical or chemical means to destroy pathogens on a surface/item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles. The surface/item is rendered safe for handling, use, or disposal.
Exposure Incident
A specific Eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, nonintact skin, or other parenteral contact with blood/potentially infectious materials that results from an employees duties
Hand Hygiene
The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands
heterotrophs
organism that uses organic or living substances for food
Infection
The condition in which the body or part of it is invaded by a pathogen.
Microorganism
A microscopic plant or animal
Nonintact skin
Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, and burns.
Nonpathogen
A microorganism that does not normally produce disease
Occupational Exposure
reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral contact with blood/potentially infectious materials that may be because of the emlolyees duties
Pathogen
A disease producing microorganism.
parenteral
Pertaining to administration other than through the intestinal tract
Opportunistic infection
an infection that results from a defective immune system that can't defend itself from pathogens.
optimum growth temperature
temperature at which each microorganisms grows best. Most grow best at 98.6
pH
The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
Postexposure prophylasix (PEP)
Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease
Regualted Medical Waste (RMW)
Any waste that poses a threat to health and safety.
Reservoir host
The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident flora (Normal flora)
Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin and usually do not cause disease.
Susceptible
Easily affected; lacking resistance
Transient Flora
Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activities
6 Growth requirements for microorganisms
Proper nutrition, oxygen, temperature, darkness, moisture, and pH