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Sociology-Exam 4 (CHAPTER 9)
UARK Melodie Griffis
Terms in this set (33)
Which of the following comprises the largest Asian American group in the United States?
Which of the following statements is true of Puerto Rican Americans in the United States?
They have higher levels of educational attainment than the overall Hispanic population.
A bank consistently denies loans to people of color because it believes they are unlikely to repay the amount due on time. This is most likely an example of __________ discrimination.
Many sports teams such as the Atlanta Braves, Cleveland Indians, and Washington Redskins use Native American mascots and depict them with feathers, buckskins, beads, spears, and "warpaint." Such depictions are examples of __________.
The fastest-growing major racial or ethnic group in the United States today is:
More than half of the members of the Cherokee Nation died during or as a result of their coerced relocation from the southeastern United States to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma. In the context of the historical experiences of Native Americans in the United States, this "Trail of Tears" was an intentional act of __________.
Which of the following categories of Asian Americans in the United States have a median household income of over $100,000, which is higher than that of Asian Americans as a whole?
Asian Indian Americans
Antony owned a restaurant in the United States in the 1950s. He did not feel negatively toward African Americans but refused to serve them in his restaurant because he feared that serving them would offend his white customers. In the context of Robert K. Merton's typology of prejudice and discrimination, Antony is a(n) __________.
Many Iranian Americans refer to themselves as "Persian" rather than "Iranian" because:
of the perceived negativity associated with the political history of the country of Iran
Which of the following terms is defined as overgeneralizations about the appearance, behavior, or other characteristics of members of particular categories?
Which of the following is a difference between racial groups and ethnic groups?
unlike racial groups, ethnic groups are formed on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics
Which of the following terms refers to policies or procedures that are intended to promote equal opportunity for categories of people deemed to have been previously excluded from equality in education, employment, and other fields on the basis of characteristics such as race or ethnicity?
Which of the following terms describes the coexistence of a variety of distinct racial and ethnic groups within one society?
Jennifer, a white American, believes that the customs of her own culture are superior to those of other cultures. As a result, she judges members of other cultures based on the standards of her own culture and considers them inferior. This scenario best exemplifies __________.
In the 1950s, many African Americans participating in the civil rights movement tried to combat racial inequality through nonviolent action seeking to change a policy or law by refusing to comply with it. This tactic is called ___________________.
Which of the following theoretical perspectives is associated with the contact hypothesis?
the symbolic interactionist perspective
Which of the following practices is defined as a killing carried out by a group of vigilantes seeking revenge for an actual or imagined crime by the victim and was practiced by whites to intimidate African Americans in the United States?
Native Americans have historically been exploited and marginalized in the United States. The "Trail of Tears" was an intentional act of:
Which of the following theories states that actions of the government substantially define racial and ethnic relations in the United States?
the theory of racial formation
Which of the following racial or ethnic groups has been the most privileged racial or ethnic group in the United States?
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
Leah, a white American sports journalist, describes African American athletes as naturally gifted people with athletic abilities who are more suitable for team positions that require agility rather than information processing. However, she describes white athletes as intelligent people who are better suited for decision-making positions. This scenario exemplifies __________ racism.
Contemporary sociologists would term whites in the United States with northern European ancestry (often referred to as European Americans, white Anglo-Saxon Protestants, or WASPs) as the _______________.
According to symbolic interactionists, when individuals meet someone who does not conform to their existing stereotype, they frequently __________.
ignore any behavior that contradicts the stereotype
Sociologists emphasize that race is __________.
a socially constructed reality
The U.S. Census of __________ made it possible for the first time for individuals to identify themselves as being of more than one race.
Many special education programs in the school districts disproportionately include African American students. Which of Joe R. Feagin's four categories of discrimination is demonstrated in this example?
indirect institutionalized discrimination
Farooq, a Muslim Asian immigrant in the United States, joins an automobile plant as an assembly-line worker. He interacts with his coworkers but only gradually gains acceptance in everyday interaction with members of the dominant group. Over time, he becomes close friends with one of his white American coworkers. This scenario exemplifies __________.
Native Americans in the United States are currently in a transition from a history marked by prejudice and discrimination to a contemporary life in which they may find new opportunities. One of the challenges that Native Americans face today is:
erasing negative stereotypes while maintaining their heritage
Identify a true statement about white ethnic Americans.
They experienced discrimination because many white ethnic Americans were not Protestant.
A small country in Europe is renowned for being home to multiple ethnic groups. People of Asian, German, and African cultural heritages peacefully coexist with one another and have uniform access to power and privilege in this country. In this scenario, this European country can be said to have __________.
A category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior, often on the basis of real or alleged physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture, eye shape, or other subjectively selected attributes, is referred to as a(n) __________.
In what way does race differ from ethnicity?
Race is based on physical characteristics, whereas ethnicity is based on culture and national origin.
In the context of racial plurality in the United States, between 2000 and 2010, the percentage of Americans identifying as more than one race increased by __________ percent.
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