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Spiritual leader of India who used civil disobedience to expose the British mistreatment, seeked equality between all Indians and was a main factor in Indian independence.

Indian National Congress

A group formed by Hindu nationalist leaders of India in the late 1800's to gain greater democracy and eventual self-rule.

Mohammed Ali Jinnah

He was the head of the Muslim League in India, and worked to found Pakistan. He then became the first-governor-general of Pakistan.

Muslim League

An organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations


Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister.

Indira Ghandi

Daughter of Nehru who became prime minister of India in 1964. She nationalized many of Indias major bussiness', supported the green revolution and was assasinated by Sikh extremists.

Rajiv Ghandi

Indira Ghandi's son, led the congress party to victory in 1985 and stayed in power until 1989. He supported the growth of private enterprise. He reduced taxes and bureaucratic regulation. He was assassinated by a Hindu Tamil terrorist in 1991.

Manmohan Singh

Current Prime Minister of India. A member of the Indian National Congress party and became the first Sikh to become Prime Minister of India.

Benazir Bhutto

Elected twice as Pakistan's prime minister becoming the first female Prime Minister. Accused of corruption. Assasinated during her campaign for the election.


He was Benazir Bhutto's husband and is now current president of Pakistan.

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