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Gov chapter 7,8,9
Terms in this set (102)
What factor influences and decides an interest group's political effectiveness?
All of these factors influence and decide an interest group's political effectiveness.
Which of the following Supreme Court decisions drastically altered the political landscape by allowing corporate and union election financing?
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
The interaction of mutual interests involving interest groups, government officials, and members of Congress is known as the
When interest groups employ former members of government as lobbyists, they are creating
an issue network.
Political action committees give a large majority of their contributions to
incumbents of both parties.
In what way do interest groups succeed in channeling civic participation?
They offer ways for people to act collectively.
They involve individuals more actively in politics.
They assist in engaging communities in political issues.
They offer an alternative participatory option over the two-party system.
What percentage of Americans belong to voluntary groups or associations?
Which of the following statements about interest groups and their political action committees (PACs) is most accurate?
Interest groups tend to strengthen the advantages of incumbency.
Relationships that improve our individual lives by giving us social connections to solve common problems are forms of
As opposed to pluralist theory, elite theory posits that
wealthy, educated individuals control the direction of major policy.
Ralph Nader is best known for his involvement with ________ interest groups.
Which group is recognized as the national Catholic peace movement?
Pax Christi USA
For what reason is a foreign interest most likely to lobby the U.S. government?
Which of the following occupations are represented by industry-specific organizations?
executives in business and industry
In which year did Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader likely tip the presidential election to Republicans?
Which of the following best describes the emphasis of the Christian Coalition's platform?
promotion of "pro-family" values
All of these are examples of public interest groups EXCEPT
the National Taxpayers Union.
the Sierra Club.
The problem of someone deriving a benefit from the actions of others is known as the
free rider problem.
Which of the following is NOT among the vital functions served by interest groups?
making money an issue in politics
The theory that it does not make economic sense for someone to participate in collective action when they can receive a benefit without participating is known as
rational choice theory.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce represents a collective group of large and small businesses; it is an example of which type of interest group?
All of the following are examples of indirect strategies used by interest groups to advance their cause EXCEPT
For a range of reasons, children from working-class families are ________ to have been socialized to participate in traditional interest groups.
Which voting system rewards political parties with a number of seats equal to the percentage of the vote they receive?
All of the following characterize the party system in the United States since 1968 EXCEPT
What is arguably the most important role of political parties in the American political system?
They promote responsibility among elected officials and provide a "check" on their powers.
Today, political parties are accessible to
Recently, regardless of whether the party's nominee for president has won or lost, the most important role of the national party chair has been
Generally, political parties have ________ issue concerns.
How many times was Franklin D. Roosevelt elected president?
Registering, canvassing, and mobilizing voters is an example of
Many people over 50 join the AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) in order to enjoy the discounts provided to members. This is an example of which type of incentive?
The Occupy Movement that protested income inequality reached a crescendo of activism in 2011, but activity has quieted significantly since that time. This is an example of what facet of interest group membership?
Which of the following occupations are primarily represented by professional organizations?
doctors and lawyers
All of the following are tenets of pluralist theory EXCEPT that
policy making is an elite business, staffed by the powerful and highly educated.
One recent study indicated that college students are ________ to join a politically motivated interest group than their peers who do not attend college.
more than twice as likely
Which of the following occupations are represented by labor unions?
teachers and tradespeople
An organization of ideologically similar people that nominates and elects its members to office is known as a political
The Tea Party movement
has made the Republican Party more conservative.
Which of the following are key principles of Tea Party supporters?
less government, fiscal responsibility, lower taxes, states' rights, national security, and border security
The theory that it is the function of a political party to give voters a clear choice by establishing priorities or policy stances that are different from the rival party is known as
the responsible party model.
Which of the following is a major priority for the Tea Party movement?
a smaller government that performs fewer social welfare functions
Media attention on political parties tends to highlight their
differences on ideological and policy issues.
Which of these features is a characteristic of political parties?
They run candidates under a label.
They seek to govern.
They have broad concerns.
They have a special relationship with the government.
Which founding father, as founder of the Anti-Federalists, instigated the process of direct communication with voters?
Which party or faction backed the presidential campaign of Theodore Roosevelt in 1912?
With the exception of which presidency, an argument can be made that a sixth, Republican-dominated party system has emerged since 1968.
Gary Orren and many others in the field of political science have agreed that the power of political parties has
Political machines primarily used ________ as a device to reward political supporters.
One-party dominance in House districts tends to produce winning candidates who are
more extremely ideological.
Of the following, which are more likely to vote for Republicans?
whites, men, and people with some college education
What decade do political scientists argue first cemented the ideological differences between today's Democrats and Republicans?
Divided government occurs when
different parties control the executive and legislative branches.
The common term used by most analysts for a voter who does not belong to any organized political party is
Which of the following states has solid Republican control in the state legislature?
What is the best predictor of a person's party identification?
How many "faces," or spheres of operation, do American political parties have?
Because of its sometimes fractured relationship with the Republican Party, which of the following has caused people to wonder whether or not it might become a splinter party?
Which of the following parties is an example of an issue advocacy party?
What term is used by political scientists to refer to a shift in party allegiances or electoral support?
On which of the following do voters increasingly rely for political information and knowledge?
the Internet and cellular phones
Which of the following was NOT a philosophy of the Jacksonian Democrats?
What factor do scholars identify as supportive of the current two-party system?
lack of a viable alternative
During the Era of Good Feelings, there was widespread popular support for the presidents who were members of which party?
All of the following are key Democratic positions EXCEPT
a larger role for state governments.
Which of the following have usually composed the base of the Republican Party?
upper-middle-class voters, religious citizens, and small-business owners
The election laws at the federal and state levels
are written primarily by Democrats and Republicans.
In U.S. presidential primaries, who decides which candidate will receive the national party nomination?
Presidential elections are always held on what day?
the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
Which year saw a party convention that prodded both parties to make significant reforms that increased party-voter influence for candidate selection?
Which groups typically sponsor initiatives, or initiative petitions?
citizens' and interest groups
Which of the following is a major result of the Supreme Court's ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission?
growth of super PACs
Which of the following describes formal eligibility requirements for elected office at the state level?
age, residency, and citizenship
In general elections for Congress, how many votes must a candidate receive in order to win?
the most votes
Which of the following best describes a proposition?
a proposed measure
A voter who evaluates candidates based on the candidates' positions and votes for the candidate that best represent his or her views is a(n)
In recent years, political campaigns have grown
Efforts to limit the influence of money on political campaigns started after what event?
the Teapot Dome scandal during Warren Harding's presidency
The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the McCain-Feingold Act in McConnell v. the Federal Election Commission. What portion of the act did the Supreme Court then invalidate in its 2007 ruling in Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, Inc.?
ban on issue-based ads within the 30- and 60-day election window
Lacking in the original legislation, what was the most important provision in the 1974 amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act?
creation of an enforcement mechanism
A candidate for vice president must be
resident of a different state than the presidential candidate.
Which of the following conducts focus groups to determine candidate strengths and weaknesses?
By the 2016 primary season there were about ________ super PACs.
Contributions to political parties designated for so-called party-building activities are known as
How many electors are there in the Electoral College?
What age limit for senatorial office is codified by Article I of the Constitution?
at least 30 years old
What age limit for election to the House of Representatives is codified by Article I of the Constitution?
at least 25 years old
A voter who evaluates an incumbent candidate based on the candidate's past decisions and actions is a(n)
In 2016, how much money could an individual give to each candidate or candidate committee, per election?
Due to the popularity of voting by mail, which of the following states abandoned voting in polling places on Election Day?
In a referendum, voters in a state can vote for or against a measure proposed by whom?
In 2016, how much money could a national party give to each candidate or candidate committee, per election?
During the presidential election of 2000, which state's voting system came under enormous scrutiny because of paper perforations known as chads?
Direct forms of political participation include
volunteering on a campaign, running for office, and voting.
Today, most political campaigns are conducted and managed by
paid campaign consultants.
Which of these factors is most important in determining voter participation?
What theory states that making the conscious choice not to vote is rational and logical?
rational choice theory
Separate entities formed by interest groups whose specific goal is to raise and spend money to influence election outcomes are known as
political action committees.
Super PACs first became an important factor in national elections in
Belief in a group's cause is an example of which type of incentive?
In which decade was union membership the lowest?
Which interest group spent the most money on lobbying in 2015?
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
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