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A&P - Chapter 12
Terms in this set (39)
an individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1. This would result in ________
large commissure that connects the right and left sides of the brain
An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the ________.
visual association area
each hemisphere is chiefly concerned with sensory and motor functions of the contralateral side of the body
no functional area of the cortex works alone
contains three kinds of functional areas
Which brain waves are uncommon for awake adults, but are common for children?
Which type of wave predominates during stage 1 NREM sleep?
carry info about muscle or tendon stretch to the cerebellum
injury to hypothalamus may result in
loss of body temp control, dehydration, sleep disturbances
the process of linking new facts with old facts already stored in the memory bank
most adults need ______ hours of sleep for optimal health and function
Loss of ability to perform skilled motor activities such as piano playing, with no paralysis or weakness in specific muscles, might suggest damage to the ________.
groove that separates frontal and parietal lobe
two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement
pyramidal and corticospinal
connects the hypothalamus to pituitary gland
brain stem consists of
midbrain, medulla, and pons
the subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges?
arachnoid and pia
interneurons are located in the
second-order neurons terminate in the
Arachnoid granulations are knoblike projections that protrude superiorly through the ________ mater to absorb cerebrospinal fluid into venous blood.
ultimate cause of Parkinson's disease
degeneration of the dopamine-releasing neurons of the substantia nigra
limbic system structures
amygdaloid body, cingulate gyrus, hippocampus
structures involved in memory
thalamus, hippocampus, prefrontal cortex
sleepwalking may occur during
NREM stage 4
what would you not find in normal CSF?
red blood cells
corpora quadrigemina are found in the
lateral sulcus separates
temporal lobe from parietal lobe
primary somatosensory cortex is located in
nuclei of indirect system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of inner ear and help maintain balance
ridges on the surface of the brain
motor speech area
large sickle-shaped fold that dips into the longitudinal fissure between the cerebral hemispheres
brain area that regulates the state of wakefulness or alertness
The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the ________.
Which part of the cerebral cortex is involved in intellect, cognition, recall, and personality?
Nuclei of cranial nerves V (trigeminal), VI (abducens), and VII (facial) are found in the ________.
The blood-brain barrier is effective against ________.
metabolic waste such as urea
two longitudinal ridges on the medulla oblongata where many descending fibers cross over
Which of the following are involved with motor activity?
includes thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus
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