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What did the Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War have in common?
Both were fought over control of Kore
During the 19th century, how did Latin American countries spend most of the income they received
from imports?
purchasing imported products
What led to problems within the self-strengthening movement in China in the 1860s?
China suffered increasing foreign interference
What is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war?
militaris
What impact did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk have on Germany?
it allowed Germany to focus all their efforts on the Western Fron
All of the following were goals of the Five-Year Plans EXCEPT
the promotion of communism worldwide
Which of the following is a weapon of totalitarianism?
police terror
Who were the Bolsheviks?
radical Russian Marxist revolutionaries
What is a totalitarian state?
a state in which the government controls every aspect of public and private life
What was the purpose of the Soviet state's Five-Year Plans?
economic development
Who seized power from Persia's shah and changed the name of his country to Iran?
Reza Shah Pahlavi
How did the Russo-Japanese war show the czar's weakness
News of repeated losses sparked unrest and led to revolt during the war
How was the result of the nationalist movement in Saudi Arabia different from the results in Turkey
and Iran?
Turkey and Iran pursued modernization more than Saudi Arabia did
What impact did Russia's involvement in World War I have on the Russian government?
It revealed the weaknesses of czarist rule and military leadership
Why did Chinese peasants align themselves with the Communists rather than the Nationalists?
The Communists divided land among the farmers, while the Nationalists ignored their problems
What influences created an environment for nationalism in Southwest Asia?
the breakup of the Ottoman Empire and Western interest in the regio
In which country did Nationalists lead a successful rebellion against its sultan and then reform the
government with an emphasis on modernization?
Turkey
All of the following were common to both fascism and communism EXCEPT
a classless society
Which of the following does fascism stress?
nationalism
What effect did the nonaggression pact between the Nazis and the Soviets have on the balance of
power in Europe
It allowed the Axis Powers to continue unchecked
What impact did radio have after the war?
It allowed families to enjoy broadcasts of news, plays, music, and sports
Why did millions of Germans turn against the leaders of the Weimar Republic?
They had signed the Treaty of Versailles
Why did Hitler target the Jewish population as scapegoats for all of Germany's troubles?
Hatred of Jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of Nazi ideology
Great Britain and France entered World War II because of the invasion of
Poland
The Atlantic Charter was a declaration of the right to freedom of
trade
What prompted Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?
German invasion of Poland
Which of the following was addressed by the Nuremberg Trials?
the Holocaust
What was the significance of the Atlantic Charter both during and after the war?
It upheld rights of free trade and choice of government, and it became the plan for postwar
peace
What combination led to the German defeat in the Battle of Stalingrad?
Russian troops and the Russian winter
Why did President Truman agree to use the atomic bomb
to bring the war to the quickest possible en
Islamic revolutionaries held more than 60 Americans hostage for over a year in
Iran
In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded
Afghanistan
What event increased U.S. spending on education and technology?
Soviet launching of a space satellit
4. What economic system was used to reshape China's economy after the civil war
communist
How did the Cold War cause a change in U.S. policy toward Nicaragua
The United States gave aid to the Sandinistas but withdrew support when the Sandinistas aided
Marxist rebels in El Salvador
In what way did the existence of two Chinas intensify the Cold War between the United States and
the Soviet Union?
All of the above are true
How did Brezhnev's leadership of the Soviet Union differ from that of Khrushchev?
Brezhnev repressed dissent at home and abroad more than Khrushchev had
After gaining their independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over
Kashmir
Which of the following has caused much of the violence in Sri Lanka?
a militant minority trying to achieve independenc
The extremist Islamic group that seized control of Afghanistan during the 1990s was known as the
Taliban
Which of the following was influenced by communism?
the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angol
Which of the following resulted in the creation of an Israeli "buffer zone" consisting of Jerusalem,
the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, and the West Bank?
the Six-Day War
Why did the UN fail in its plan to create a Palestinian State in the late 1940s
The Palestinians objected to receiving only part of the Mandate of Palestine
Which of the following was caused by religious conflict
the civil war in Sri Lank
How were the assassinations of Yitzhak Rabin and Anwar Sadat similar
Each assassin came from the leader's own religion
Which of the following is NOT a basic practice needed for democracy to work?
a presidency
What was apartheid?
a South African policy separating the race
Under which program did Gorbachev attempt to modify the economic structure of the Soviet
economy by allowing some private enterprise?
perestroik
What led Chinese students to demand democratic reform?
economic reforms that allowed Western ideas into Chin
Which of the following were obstacles to Latin American nations establishing democratic
governments?
all of the abov
What effect did the end of Communist rule have on Yugoslavia
Without communism as a unifier, ethnic hatred tore the country apar
Why is a stable economy closely tied to the success of democratic government
Economic opportunity gives citizens a stake in their country's future
How was the Soviet Union's foreign policy changed by Mikhail Gorbachev?
Arms control became one of Gorbachev's top priorities
Which event began the process of opening up Chinese-American relations?
Zhou Enlai invited an American table tennis team to tour China
What was the original purpose of the Internet?
shared information about researc
What do all developed nations have that emerging nations do not
transportation and business facilities for advanced production of manufactured goods
What is included within the global economy?
all of the above
What was the main purpose of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to other nation
Which document states that "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. . . .
Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person"?
Universal Declaration of Human Right
What is meant by global interdependence?
the idea that nations are dependent on other nations and affected by the actions of others far
awa
What impact has technology had on the world's economy?
It has created new industries in both Asia and the Western world
What did the Persian Gulf War of 1991 reveal about international economies?
that the economies of nations are globally linke
What has been a lasting effect of European colonization in the Americas, Asia, and Africa?
Western languages are spoken throughout the world
How has the use of satellites affected worldwide communications?
Communications satellites helped transform the world into a "global village.
NATO, SEATO, and the Warsaw Pact are all examples of
miltary alliances
What are the main reasons why people decide to immigrate to other nations
unstable political situations at home and prosperous economies abroa