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MEDR 4514 — Module 12, Chapter 14
Terms in this set (103)
a private practice facility where patients receive dental care
a department within a larger health organization where patients receive dental care
a school within a university where dentists and dental hygienists are educated and trained
electronic dental record (EDR)
a computer-based dental record that stores the patient's pertinent demographic, diagnostic, treatment, and financial information
How many facilities use the electronic dental record (EDR)?
all new dental facilities are likely to use an EDR and digital imaging, and many older facilities are converting from analog to digital record keeping as well
solo dental practice
a dental practice owned and operated by one dentist
group dental practice
two or more dentists practicing together
- the group of dentists usually is incorporated as a legal entity, and this corporation (rather than the individual dentists) owns and operates that business
- may also be composed of two or more dentists who share office expenses and equipment but are not incorporated
(As of the textbooks writing) How many dental schools are in the US?
60 dental schools
the correct technical term for tooth decay
baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD), nursing caries, early childhood caries (ECC)
a problem for infants and children — children who are allowed to go to bed at night with a bottle filled with liquid other than water develop caries in their primary teeth
the baby teeth; the baby teeth are replaced by adult teeth (permanent teeth)
When does a child typically begin to lose primary teeth?
between ages 5 and 7
surgery to bring jaws into proper alignment
- corrective jaw surgery
root canal therapy (RCT)
removal of the nerve of the tooth from the canal inside the root, and replaced with a filling material
full-coverage restoration of a tooth when it cannot be restored by a filling
What happens if periodontal disease is left untreated?
the jawbone supporting the teeth is lost, teeth loosen, and teeth eventually fall out
a graphic image produced by the use of radiation
having no teeth; toothless
a licensed health care professional specializing in the prevention and treatment of disorders of the oral cavity and associated body structures
- has either a DDS or a DMD degree
What does a general dentistry practice focus on?
a wide range of skills, including examination, diagnosis, and treatment of simple and complex conditions in patients from young to old
What does a general dentist do?
- provides periodic checkups and cleanings
- monitors the condition of teeth and gums
- allowed to perform almost all dental procedures for which they are appropriately trained to perform according to state licensure
- focus on prevention, basic restorative care (fillings, crowns, bridges, and dentures), and cosmetic procedures
What are the nine dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association (ADA)?
1. dental public health
3. oral and maxillofacial radiology
4. oral and maxillofacial surgery
5. oral pathology
7. pediatric dentistry
How long does specialty dental training range?
an additional 2 to 6 years after dental school
a dentist who specializes in straightening teeth
a dentist who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the gum or bone (supporting structure)
- begins as an inflammation of the gingiva (gum tissue)
- can progress to abscesses around the teeth and infection of the jawbones
- victim develops loss of attachment (LA)
- the teeth become loose and eventually will be lost
How is periodontal disease prevented?
by preventing the buildup of plaque and the initiation of disease in the first place
loss of attachment (LA)
the loss of the supporting structure of the teeth that causes the tooth to become loose; may result in loss of the tooth
a dentist who specializes in treating diseases or injuries that affect the root tip or nerve of the tooth, most commonly a root canal
a dentist who specializes in replacing missing teeth with a prosthetic device
a fixed or removable appliance to replace missing teeth; examples are bridges, dentures, and partials, and sometimes single crowns
a removable prothesis (false teeth) that replaces all of the teeth in either the upper or lower jaw
a fixed appliance (prothesis) that replaces missing teeth; a series of crowns (abutments and pontics)
the teeth on either end of a bridge on which the bridge sits
the part of the bridge that replaces the missing tooth; the false teeth between the two abutments
a post that is implanted in the bone; a crown, bridge, or denture then is attached to the implant
oral maxillofacial surgeon
a dentist who specializes in surgery to the mouth and facial bones
impacted wisdom teeth
third molars that will not erupt through the gum
an unerupted or partially erupted tooth that will not fully erupt because it is obstructed by another tooth, bone, or soft tissue
licensed to perform some of the same procedures that dentists perform; however, the majority of states do not allow them to establish an independent practice
- usually completes 2 years of special training at a community college or university (may earn an associate's or bachelor's)
- must be under the direct or indirect supervision of a licensed dentist when performing treatments
- typically performs oral and dental exams, cleans teeth by removing biofilm/plaque and scraping off calculus/tartar, polishes teeth, and applies fluoride and a sealant to the teeth
- some states, may inject anesthetic agents and make and interpret radiographs
- responsible for educating patient about hygiene and dietary habits that promote good oral health
- in many practices, the individual who collects the patient's medical and dental history, records initial vital signs, and documents examination findings in the dental chart
an aggregate of microorganisms organized into a dynamic community that collects on the teeth and under the gums
- also known as plaque
the sticky film on teeth made up predominantly of bacteria
- also known as biofilm
plaque/biofilm that has hardened
clear application of acrylic placed over the biting surface of the tooth to prevent decay
- formed from a plastic liquid applied to the chewing surfaces of the teeth, they quickly harden and protect teeth from bacteria that cause tooth decay
oral health care providers trained to perform certain clinical procedures, which allow the dentist more time to examine and diagnose patients and perform more complex procedures
- known as dental health aide therapists (DHATs) in Alaska and Minnesota
- may be able to address the dentist shortage in many areas of the US
primary role is to assist the dentist in treating patients; anticipates what instruments will be needed, hands the instruments to the dentist, holds instruments in position in the patient's mouth, and prepares dental materials
- may help the dentist in charting dental exam findings and writing treatment notes
- act as the dentist's second pair of hands
- may receive formal training at a technical college or may be personally trained by a dentist
- many states do not license them, although there is a national certifying agency
a silver-colored filling composed of several metals; usually placed on the back (posterior teeth)
a tooth-colored filling
a radiograph taken outside of the mouth that shows all the teeth on one film
- may also be a digital image
a radiograph that shows the upper and lower teeth's biting surfaces on the same film
the scaling, cleaning, and removal of calculus; a preventive treatment
the use of computer-based technologies to make radiographic (X-ray) and other clinical images to diagnose dental diseases and conditions
Preventive treatment, including the scaling, cleaning, and removal of calculus is called _________________.
The __________________ is a dental professional whose training is mainly geared toward prevention of dental disease. The license of this professional usually includes the ability to perform oral and dental exams and to clean and polish teeth, but does NOT include the privilege of repairing damaged teeth.
Adult Medicaid recipients qualify for routine dental care benefits in all states. (T/F)
Children who are allowed to go to bed at night with a bottle filled with liquid other than water are prone to develop _______________.
The only organization that has been actively developing dental practice guidelines is the American Dental Association. (T/F)
Tooth decay is called ____________.
Alternative methods to reduce anxiety in dental patients include biofeedback, hypnosis, acupuncture, and other techniques. (T/F)
_______________ disease is manifested by deepening pockets around the tooth, receding of the gingiva, and loss of attachment of the tooth.
A periodontist specializes in treating the inside of the tooth. (T/F)
False (treatment of the gingiva (gums))
A(n) _________________ is a post that is implanted in the bone to which a crown, bridge, or denture is then attached.
Dental care is available to qualifying veterans at Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers where they pay __________________________.
low or no fees for treatment if obtained at the Veterans Affairs healthcare facility
____________________ is the dental term for the gums.
______________ are the silver-colored fillings composed of several metals that are usually placed on posterior teeth:
A dentist who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the gum or bone (supporting structure) is a _________________________.
Dentists, like physicians, should report dangerous and unusual medication reactions to whom?
A radiograph taken outside the mouth that shows all the teeth on one film is called ______________.
Which of the following plans does NOT include benefits for dental care?
With regard to checkups and preventive dentistry, it is common for dental insurance policies to _________.
cover these services at 100%
Which of the following would provide documentation of enlarged lymph nodes, bruises, and abnormal-looking growths?
Head, Neck, and Intraoral examination
Medical and dental care benefits are provided to families of active-duty military personnel under which program?
In most states, which of the following issues licenses to dentists so they can practice?
Board of Dentistry
A _______ is formed by clear acrylic applied to the biting surface of the tooth, placed to prevent decay
Which coding system is commonly used to report dental procedures performed in a dental office?
Automatic patient recall notices generated by practice management software ________
notify patients about the need for periodic dental checkups and teeth cleanings
In most states, dentists are legally obligated to report ________.
suspected cases of abuse
Dentists are required to follow which regulations when prescribing narcotics?
Women should avoid dental treatment during pregnancy. (T/F)
Nursing home residents generally have better dental care than elderly persons not living in nursing homes. (T/F)
A dental assistant typically performs oral and dental exams, cleans teeth by scraping off hardened calculus, polishes teeth, and applies fluoride and sealants to teeth. (T/F)
False (this is a dental hygienist)
A dentist must have a valid Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) number for his patients to be able to fill prescriptions for narcotics at a pharmacy. (T/F)
The primary teeth are also known as the permanent teeth. (T/F)
False (they are also known as the baby teeth)
Abnormal lesions on the tongue or mucosa are usually x-rayed. (T/F)
False (they may be photographed using an intraoral camera)
Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) offer some dental benefits for children. (T/F)
Digital radiographs allow for compact and safe storage of dental x-rays and allow the dentist to share a copy of the x-ray with a specialist or an insurance company electronically. (T/F)
A risk management area of concern in dentistry is injury to patients or Practioner, including instrument trauma from needles, drills and probes. (T/F)
The field of dental informatics is declining as dentists reject the complexities of expert systems, automated clinical alerts and warnings, and digital information. (T/F)
__________ are the third molars, each of which is the eighth tooth from the center of the mouth to the back of the mouth; they often have to be extracted.
A(n) _______ is a radiograph that shows the upper and lower teeth's biting surfaces on the same film. This radiograph shows the portion of the teeth above the gum line.
A tooth colored filling is known as a(n) ______ filling.
A(n) _________ is a removable prosthesis (false teeth) that replaces all of the teeth in either the upper and lower jaw
A(n) ________ is a dentist who specializes in treating diseases or injuries that affect the root tip or nerve of the tooth. The most common procedure is a root canal.
_______ is a dental term for the gums.
The term _______ means having no teeth, toothless.
A dentist who specializes in surgery to the mouth and facial bones is a(n) _____________.
oral maxillofacial surgeon
_________ surgery is performed to bring jaws into proper alignment.
_______ is a plaque that has hardened, also known as tartar.
A dentist who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the gum or bone (supporting structure) is a __________.
A(n) _______ is a fixed appliance (prosthesis) that replaces missing teeth; a series of crowns (abutments and pontics).
Dental records generated in academic settings serve purposes beyond the documentation of care provided. They are important evidence of the student's progress toward and preparation for graduation and licensure (T/F)
A dental assistant usually completes a 4 year bachelors degree before becoming a licensed to practice (T/F)
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