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Intro to criminal justice chapter 1-12
Terms in this set (51)
An act that violates criminal law and is punishable by criminal sanctions is
Which of the following is true regarding deviance?
Deviance is behavior that is considered to go against the norms established by society
What level of law enforcement divides duties between counties and municipalities?
A dual court system means that there are
federal and state courts
Counties and municipalities administer ___, while ___ are the domain of federal and state governments.
jails and prisons
The ability to choose between and among alternative courses of action is know as __
Which of following can occur in the prosecution and pretrial services of the criminal justice process?
The consensus model assumes that as people gather together to form a society, it's members naturally come to a basic agreement with regard to shared norms and values.
According to the conflict model, different segments of society have different values systems and shared norms and are engaged in a constant struggle to control society.
Society is static and it's concept of criminality remains the same
Different societies can have vastly different ideas of what constitutes criminal behavior
Models are principles of right and wrong behavior, as practiced by individuals or by society
All deviant acts are criminal and all crimes are deviant.
Justice is an easy concept to sefine
The bulk of all police officers are employed at the federal level
The UCR reports on three measurements. Which of the following is NOT one of them
The number of FBI agents that compile the UCR
The UCR is prepared annually by:
When the UCR presents crime data as a rate, they are reporting:
The amount of crime per 100,000 people
Which of the following is a Part I offense
___ is a phrase used to describe the actual amount of crime that takes place
dark figure of crime
The dark figure of crime appears to be:
Much higher than suggested by the UCR
The study of crime is referred to as
A theory of crime in which offenders weigh the possible benefits of criminal activity against the costs of being apprehended is:
rational choice theory
Shaw and McKay studied high-crime neighborhoods and discovered that these "zones" were characterized by _______, or a breakdown in schools, families, and community groups.
Learning theory was popularized by
According to ___ crime occurs when when three factors are present: a likely offender, a suitable target, and the absence of a capable guardian
Routine activity theory
Robbery is considered a violent crime
Part I offenses are recorded by the FBI to give a general idea of the "crime picture" in the United States
Victim surveys are used to collect data from criminals and victims of crime
Crime is an overwhelmingly male activity.
All individuals are at equal risk of being victimized by crime
The __ is the supreme law of the land, and as such is the basis of all law in the United States
Statutes enacted by legislative bodies at any level of government make up a source of law, which is generally referred to as:
The term "judge made" law is synonymous with:
Court decisions that provide guidance in interpreting the law are called:
Law may be broken down according to various classifications. Which of the following is not one of these classifications?
Tort crimes and civil crimes
What is the burden of proof necessary to win a trial?
Preponderance of evidence
In a criminal case, the burden of proof is
beyond a reasonable doubt
Crimes punishable by death or imprisonment in a federal or state penitentiary for 1 year or longer is called
What degree of felony carries the maximum penalty of death
Misdemeanors are punishable by a fine or by confinement up to:
The term mala prohibita refers to:
Murder rape and theft are examples of __crimes
Mala in se
A wrongful mental state or intent is know as
The guilty act in a criminal offense is referred to as:
As discussed in the textbook, corpus delicti refers to
The basic elements of a crime
Strict liability is inconsistent with the general principals of criminal law because ___ is lacking
The fourth amendment protects against
The US constitution is the surpreme law of the land and as such it is the basis of all law in the United States
Case law relies on how courts interpret a statute
Defendants who are found "guilty but mentally ill" do not serve criminal sentences
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