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25 terms

chapter 24

STUDY
PLAY
smooth and unspotted
the surface of a healthy natural nail should be
physician
clients with skin or nails that are infected,inflamed,or swolen should be refered to a
bruised nails
a nail condition where blood clots form under the nail plate due to a small injury of the nail plate is
uneven growth and age
ridges running vertically down the natural nail plate are caused by
ridge filler
to provide a smooth appearance to a natural nail plate with ridges after careful buffing apply
eggdhell nails
nails with a noticeable thin white nail plate that are more flexible than normal nails are
beaus's lines
visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate that are the result of a mayor illness or injury are
agnail
A condition that results from the living skin splitting around the nail is:
infection
redness pain and swelling are signs of a
leukonychia
Minor damage to the matrix that produces a whitish discoloration or white spots on the nails is:
melanonychia
A dark band within the nail plate extending from the base to the free edge due to increased pigmentation is:
onychorrhexis
split or bittle nails have a series of lengthwise ridges arough appearance to the surface of the nail plate
plicatured nail
A type of highly curved nail plate often caused by injury to the matrix, but may be inherited; also called "folded nail."
nail pterygium
Abnormal conditions that occurs when the skin is streched by the nail plate; usually caused by serious injury or allergic reaction.
fungi
parasites that under some conditions may cause infections to the feet and hands are
yellow-geen spot
in the early stages a typical bacterial infection on the nail plate can be identified as a
fungal organisms
nail infections are caused by a large numbers of bacteria or
pseudomonas aeruginosa
the naturally occurring skin bacterium that can grow out of control and cause nail infections incorrectly reffered to as mold is
onychosis
Any deformity disease of the natural nails in general is
onychia
inflamation of the nail matrix followed by shredding of the natural nail plate is
onycholysis
the lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is a sign of
local infection
onychomadesis is the separation and falling off of a nail plate and can be traced to
nail psoriasis
tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail plate is an indication of
pyogenic granuloma
severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate
athlete's foot
tinea pedis is the medical term to describe