Upgrade to remove ads
Social psychology Exam 4 other Terms
Terms in this set (23)
Culture of honor
A set of societal norms whose central idea is that people (particularly men) should be ready to defend their honor with violent retaliation if necessary.
Defensive attributional style
A tendency to notice threats and interpret other people's behavior as intended to do one harm.
Differential parental investment
The principle that animals making higher investment in their offspring (female as compared to male mammals, for instance) will be more careful in choosing mates.
Assessment of the likely beneficial effect of aggressiveness balanced against the likely dangers.
A statistical combination of results from different studies of the same topic.
Individual characterized by impulsivity, irresponsibility, low empathy, grandiose self-worth, and lack of sensitivity to punishment. Such individuals are inclined toward acting violently for personal gain.
The feeling that one has less than the others to whom one compares oneself.
A form of natural selection favoring characteristics that assist animals in attracting mates or in competing with members of their own sex.
Social learning theory
Theory that aggression is learned through direct reward or by watching others being rewarded for aggressiveness.
Type A behavior pattern
A group of personality characteristics, including time-urgency and competitiveness, that is associated with higher risk for coronary disease.
The tendency for weapons, such as guns, to enhance aggressive thoughts, feelings, and actions.
The strength of the bonds among group members.
The pattern of information flow through a group.
A system (e.g., a group) made up of many interacting elements (e.g., people) that changes and evolves over time.
Minimally, groups are two or more individuals who influence each other. Collections of individuals become increasingly "group-like," however, when their members are interdependent and share a common identity, and when they possess structure.
Occurs when opinion minorities persuade others of their views.
Leadership that changes the motivations, outlooks, and behaviors of followers, enabling the group to reach its goals better.
Conflict spiral view
The belief that escalations of international threat lead an opponent to feel more threatened and that leaders should thus demonstrate peaceful intentions to reduce the opponent's own defensive hostilities.
The belief that signs of weakness will be exploited by the opponent and that leaders need to show their willingness to use military force.
GRIT (graduated and reciprocated initiatives in tension reduction)
A strategy for breaking conflict spirals by publicly challenging the opponent to match de-escalations.
The extent to which a person demonstrates simplified "black-and-white" categorical thinking, as opposed to acknowledgment of all sides of an issue.
The combination of a social dilemma and an outgroup bias, in which each side in a conflict believes that it is best for both sides to cooperate, while simultaneously believing that the other side would prefer that "we" cooperated while "they" defected.
A negotiating tactic in which the individual responds to competitiveness with competitiveness and to cooperation with cooperation.
Other sets by this creator
Social Psychology exam 4
Universal Justice Exam 2 terms
Universal Justice Exam 2 questions
Social Psychology Exam 3 other terms