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PHIL 323 Final (Weeks 8 -14)
Terms in this set (42)
Vengence is one of the possible moral goals of whistleblowing.
The loyalty that engineers owe clients and employers is absolute and cannot be overridden.
Engineers have no moral obligations to their clients or employers.
On DeGeorge's account, which of the following is necessary for the permissibility of blowing the whistle?
reporting concerns to your immediate superior
If your employer is engaged in a serious wrongdoing and you could adequately respond to it externally, but you could also resond to it adequately through internal channels (following protocol), what follows about the morality of whistle blowing?
it is impermissible
If your client is engaged in a serious wrongdoing that you cannot adequately respond to through internal channels, then which of the following is at least the case regarding blowing the whistle?
it is permissible
Engineers are required to disclose potential conflicts of interest because they could...
influence their professional judgment
Engineers should be faithful agents for their employers in part because employers help coordinate the various resources needed to solve complex material problems.
Which of the following would not be a party that could be a potential conflict of interest?
a court hearing a criminal case concerning your client/employer
Engineers are required necessarily to remove themselves from any relationships that could potentially appear to be a conflict of interest with their client or employer.
Engineers should be faithful agents to clients just so they can get paid.
Which of the following would be a TOO PERMISSIVE objection kind of counter-example to the compensation approach?
a technology whose risks were adequately outweighed by utility but that was intuitively unsafe
Which of the following best describes cost-benefit analysis?
a tool for making real-world decisions
Which of the following is not a way of assigning monetary values to non-market goods?
Which of the following is NOT a component of the compensation approach to holding safety paramount?
thinking of acceptability in terms of what people would in fact be willing to accept
Which of the following describes the problem of having to find a common metric for evaluating harms and benefits?
The engineering definition of risk differs significantly from the everyday notion of risk.
According to the principle of informed consent, the magnitude of the risk is not what determines its acceptability.
Which of the following would be a too demanding kind of counter-example to the consent approach?
a system that is intuitively safe that people would withhold their informed consent from
Uncertainty in a system is a function of all but which of the following?
According to the Precautionary Principle, precautions should be taken only after a threat has been fully established scientifically.
Which of the following distinguishes the consent approach from the compensation approach?
a risk is acceptable if and only if people would be willing to accept it
The subjective risk of an activity depends on how likely some negative event is to actually occur.
Which of the following is not one of the standard arguments given by Heilbroner for technological determinism?
The social experimentation approach essentially employs a utilitarian ethical perspective in determining the permissibility or acceptability of new technologies.
If technological determinism were true, then we could not make sense of taking "responsibility" for the direction of technology.
Which of the following is the main criticism of the hired guns approach to the social responsibility of engineers?
it makes engineers amoral in their professional work
The technology assessment approach derives from a purely descriptive interpretation of socially "acceptable."
Which of the following is NOT one of Van de Poel's criteria for evaluating new technologies?
response to a genuine complex material problem
Techno-philia would distinctively emphasize which of the following?
embodying human intelligence is intrinsically good
Which of the following is NOT compatible with the techno-neutrality view?
technology has an inherent value
Which position on the inherent value of technology would most clearly imply a strong conservative view against technological innovation?
For philosopher Langdon Winner, artifacts can be value-laden because they can embody the designer's moral and political values.
Technological pessimists think that all technology has a certain intrinsic badness.
The Amish use all but which of the following to evaluate technological innovations?
The Amish claim that all technologies as such should be rejected.
The intuition that a "Global Manhattan" would be permissible/acceptable supports which of the following approaches to environmental impact/sustainability?
On the consent approach to sustainability, engineers would need to ensure that environmental impacts were adequately outweighed by benefits to future generations or ecological integrity.
On the alternative approach to sustainability, engineers need to consider the remote consequences of environmental impacts on the beliefs and values of future generations.
Large-scale technological systems inevitably have significant environmental impacts.
The intuition that it would be impermissible for the "Last Man" to destroy all plants and non-sentient organisms on the planet would support which of the following views on environmental impact/sustainability?
Which of the following views might maintain that Yellowstone National Park has some intrinsic moral value?
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